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- New perspectives on intersectoral relationships between manufacturing and services
- Economic growth and manufacturing: An analysis using Panel VAR and intersectoral linkages
- Manufacturing Growth & Employment Pattern in India since 1990s
- World Economic Outlook, April 2018 : Cyclical Upswing, Structural Change
New perspectives on intersectoral relationships between manufacturing and servicesVIDEO ON THE TOPIC: Manufacturing lines Development by GABLER
In the TR90 region, inter-sectoral mobility of production factors such as capital and labor is limited. On the other hand we can say that the sectoral dominance in the TR90 region has developed in favor of the service sector with the development of tourism and that the share of agriculture has not changed significantly due to the continued dependence of hazelnut and tea on the economy of the region. The TR90 region produces lower added value than the country in general.
It is seen that the service sector stands out in the distribution of the added value produced in the Region by sectors and produces approximately three times more value added than industry and agriculture.
The main reasons for the low share of industry in total gross value added are; The number of industrial enterprises in the Region is low and the value added capacity of the existing industrial branches is based on low technology or medium technology.
The fact that the industry cannot be diversified and based on a few specific areas such as hazelnut, tea, mining and apparel production in general is another reason for the low share of the industry in total gross value added.
There are a few successful firms in the region that manufacture and export products with higher added value such as; gun industry, automotive industry, shipbuilding industry, medicine and pharmacy, despite having mainly low value added sectors such as hazelnut, tea, garment and mining. Apart from food and beverage manufacturing in the region, the garment sector shows a competitive potential.
Due to the relatively low cost of incentives and labor force and logistic advantages, it increases the competitiveness of the apparel industry in Ordu and Giresun provinces. Increasing the value added in manufacturing sector or moving to high value added sectors with the help of successful management, ensuring and preserving high product quality and specialization in the production of local products that can be branded are the main areas that should be given priority for the development of the regional manufacturing industry.
Farmers in the region exhibit small-scale economic structure, also agriculture animal husbandry are not the primary livelihood of many farmers. Therefore, specialization on agriculture and animal husbandry cannot be carried out. The land structure is fragmented and small. The inclined terrain prevents mechanization. Productivity is reduced due to family-type business, Specialization in both crop production and animal husbandry including aquaculture cannot be achieved.
The region has significant potential in the field of fruit growing. Especially in Artvin and Gumushane yields are above average compared to rest of Turkey. Tea, kiwi and hazelnuts are the most important agricultural products of the region. Most of the hazelnuts and tea fields should be rehabilitated as they have completed their economic life. Quality problems and labor costs in tea sector,fluctuations in the amount supplied for hazelnuts, insufficient post-harvest enterprises in kiwifruit negatively affect the export of these products.
Due to insufficien duration of sunshine, only greenhouse activities can be carried out in the region for poultry. In terms of feed requirement in aquaculture and animal husbandry, dependence to the outside is extremely high.
Moreover, the aging population and the migration of young people in the region lead to a gradual decline in livestock activities. Marketing of agricultural products is another important problem. Different products cannot be grown or grown into the economy due to the lack of an appropriate market or the knowledge of how to market, how to grow the product, how much profit will be obtained when the product is grown or how the product will be processed.
Due to the lack of production planning, there is dependence on hazelnut and tea farming in the region, additional products and additional income generating models cannot be applied, and since the raw material cannot be supplied to the industry in a sustainable manner, the food processing industry cannot develop. Efficient planning cannot be made due to the lack of knowledge of marine stocks in aquaculture and the lack of inventory studies of non-wood forest products in forestry.
Although the products are of high quality, they cannot be marketed effectively because they are not registered and branded with geographical registration system. Marketing opportunities can be improved through diversification of processed products.
TR region receives the 3. Comparing with the other regions in Turkey,the income coming from the tourism sector isnt enough. Most of the tourists coming to TR90 prefers to visit Trabzon. In addition, the availability of the airline, which is frequently used for transportation to the Region, makes a significant difference in the number of tourists visiting Trabzon compared to other provinces in the Region.
The main road entrance is in the direction of Samsun. Although the total number of tourists in the TR90 Region was determined as 4. This situation adversely affects the planning studies related to tourism in TR90 Region.
Although the number of tourists coming to the TR90 Region is not known exactly due to repeated counts, the number of tourists coming to the TR90 Region can be compared between and , as it is calculated by similar methods. In terms of the number of foreign tourists visiting the region, Trabzon ranks first and Rize ranks second. Artvin is preferred by eco-tourism and nature tourism by foreign tourists. TR90 Region is located below the average of length of stay compared to other provinces of Turkey.
The basis of this situation is that the tourism activities in the TR90 Region cannot be diversified sufficiently and the tourism infrastructure has not been developed sufficiently in the Region. Considering the occupancy of accommodation facilities in the region,it is lower than the average rate of Turkey, especially the calculations made according to the number of foreign tourists shows that they spent the least amount of time in eastern blacksea region.
As a matter of fact, in the Eastern Black Sea Tourism Master Plan , we can see that there has been an increase in the number of tourists coming from the Middle East and Arab countries. As in Turkey, transportation of tourists to this region is mainly by air.
There are many tourism potentials in the Eastern Black Sea Region that can be developed outside the nature tourism and eco tourism areas. Photo safari, paragliding, hiking, mountaineering are other types of tourism that can be developed in the Region. The region has significant potential for biomass and wind power generation in addition to the existing hydraulic and thermal energy resources.
Regarding the evaluation of biomass energy, hazelnut and tea residues with strong production base in the Region, pellet production and tree species that can grow rapidly in the Region such as alder trees are potential local energy sources for TR Ordu province also has a high level of usable wind energy potential.
The strengths of the current status of accessibility in the TR90 region, which support national transport objectives; The region is located on international trade and transport corridors, the presence of free zones and the developed food sector, multimodal transport facilities and the multiplicity of road transport companies are available.
The region, which is developing in terms of infrastructure, will accelerate its development relatively with the mentioned public investments and will be an important center especially in east - west transportation.
The weaknesses of the region in terms of logistics development can be listed as working with idle capacity of the ports, the obstacle to the north-south transportation of the land structure, the lack of modern storage facilities and the lack of qualified labor force to work in the logistics sector. Skilled labor supply will increase with the strengthening of the cooperation between the regional universities and industry.
Infrastructure deficiencies can be solved by encouraging qualified foreign investments. TR90 region is below the limit in the areas of; air pollution index, the amount of sulfur dioxide, particulate matter amount compared to Turkey. TR90 Region also has a water potential which can be considered quite rich compared to Turkey. The region contains three of the structures of the 26 basins in Turkey.
Considering waste management on the basis of TR90 Region, it is known that most of the provinces have wild storage, and in some provinces, waste is irregularly disposed at the seas or streams. Although there are regular landfills in some of the provinces of the region, landfills are not sufficient. The lack of systematic and planned construction of urban and intra-regional transport networks is a problem for the Black Sea cities, which currently tend to be linear growth models.
If a more detailed explanation is needed, there is a concentration in coastal areas in terms of access to and provision of urban services, while inadequate provision of urban services and difficulties in access to urban services are observed in urban sub-centers towards the inner parts of the city. When the urban transportation networks are examined, it is seen that the transportation connections in the north-south direction have not developed sufficiently even in urban side.
In the provinces of the region, it is difficult to construct urban transport models as intermodal transport systems. One of the main reasons for this is topographic barriers. In addition to the undeveloped urban transportation axes in the north-south direction, the fact that the transportation systems developed with East-West axis mostly concentrate on one main artery causes the urban focal points created in the city to put pressure on the coastal regions.
Another phenomenon observed in the provinces of TR90 Region is ; The buildings reflecting the historical and cultural texture of the city cannot be considered as attraction centers. In general, urban attraction centers could not be established in TR90 provinces and could not be supported with the necessary landscape elements.
Home Page Regions. Eastern Black Sea Region.
Academic journal article Indian Journal of Industrial Relations. The economic reforms of have enabled the Indian economy to cross the barriers of Hindu rate of growth. The gradual dismantling of industrial licensing, removal of import licensing for nearly all manufactured and capital goods; tariff reduction and relaxation of rules for foreign investment were all focused to improve the industrial efficiency, productivity and competitiveness of manufacturing industries on the one hand, and on the other, its spillover effects were expected to increase employment opportunities for the skilled, semi-skilled and poor people. The manufacturing sector offers greater prospect for capital accumulation, technical change and intersectoral linkages Vinish Kathuria, et al. Thus the dynamic outward oriented manufacturing sector was presumed as a panacea for problems of unemployment and poverty. There is a large body of literature on productivity growth, its components and determinants in the manufacturing sector in India.
Economic growth and manufacturing: An analysis using Panel VAR and intersectoral linkages
This book discusses the role historical events played in determining the pattern of growth of Indian manufacturing. Two important historical events significantly influenced the course of Indian manufacturing from the 15th century AD. The first was the arrival of European merchants via sea route pioneered by Vasco-da-Gamma in and the other was the dawn of the Mughal Empire in The book explores how these two events provided the appropriate stimulus for the emergence of traditional flexible manufacturing in India and how they played a vital role in the pattern of growth of the Indian manufacturing: The Mughal Empire created an integrated economy of continental size whereas European trading companies expanded the commercial connectivity of the Indian economy and South East Asia. It further investigates how the circumstances created by the colonial administration, factor endowment and market conditions created the complex forms of manufacturing enterprises that India inherited at the time of independence. It is a valuable resource for students of history, economic history, business history and the history of technology.
Skip to Main Content. A not-for-profit organization, IEEE is the world's largest technical professional organization dedicated to advancing technology for the benefit of humanity. Use of this web site signifies your agreement to the terms and conditions. Personal Sign In.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Manufactory - The production capacity of our company
In the TR90 region, inter-sectoral mobility of production factors such as capital and labor is limited. On the other hand we can say that the sectoral dominance in the TR90 region has developed in favor of the service sector with the development of tourism and that the share of agriculture has not changed significantly due to the continued dependence of hazelnut and tea on the economy of the region. The TR90 region produces lower added value than the country in general. It is seen that the service sector stands out in the distribution of the added value produced in the Region by sectors and produces approximately three times more value added than industry and agriculture. The main reasons for the low share of industry in total gross value added are; The number of industrial enterprises in the Region is low and the value added capacity of the existing industrial branches is based on low technology or medium technology. The fact that the industry cannot be diversified and based on a few specific areas such as hazelnut, tea, mining and apparel production in general is another reason for the low share of the industry in total gross value added. There are a few successful firms in the region that manufacture and export products with higher added value such as; gun industry, automotive industry, shipbuilding industry, medicine and pharmacy, despite having mainly low value added sectors such as hazelnut, tea, garment and mining. Apart from food and beverage manufacturing in the region, the garment sector shows a competitive potential. Due to the relatively low cost of incentives and labor force and logistic advantages, it increases the competitiveness of the apparel industry in Ordu and Giresun provinces. Increasing the value added in manufacturing sector or moving to high value added sectors with the help of successful management, ensuring and preserving high product quality and specialization in the production of local products that can be branded are the main areas that should be given priority for the development of the regional manufacturing industry.
Manufacturing Growth & Employment Pattern in India since 1990s
Park, Se-Hark, O'Hara, Sabine, Kuznets, Simon,
The decrease in labor income share has gained worldwide publicity given that it may affect income inequality and other macroeconomic aggregates. This chapter focuses on global value chains GVCs as an important determinant of changes in the labor income share and indicates the mechanism responsible for the share decline under GVCs, which has not been documented in prior studies. The mechanism of developing countries is of particular research interest. In such countries, the services sector promotes capital deepening and increased involvement in GVCs because nonservices especially manufacturing tasks are offshored from developed to developing countries, creating demand for services as intermediate input to these tasks in the recipient developing countries. As a result, capital deepening is promoted in the services sector, and this results in lower labor income share. We conclude that the intersectoral production linkage between the services and nonservices sectors plays a major role in the downward trend of labor income share in developing countries. The decrease in labor income share has received worldwide attention given that it is frequently associated with income inequality and also affects macroeconomic aggregates. At the household level, wages are a determinant of household consumption [ 1 ]. Many studies that have documented the fall in the share have tried to understand the causes.
World Economic Outlook, April 2018 : Cyclical Upswing, Structural Change
Account Options Entrar. Farm-nonfarm labor mobility in rural Bangladesh: Intersectoral shift or intergenerational occupational choice? Dorosh, Paul A. The paper argues that much of the farm-nonfarm labor mobility in rural Bangladesh is in nature an intergenerational occupational choice-induced change rather than a sectoral shift within the current generation. Bangladesh has a large share of youth aged years in the labor force, and it experienced a major structural shift in employment between and as agricultural employment fell from Much of this shift has been due to changes in youth employment, as youth employment in agriculture fell from The cohort analysis pseudo-panel shows that the reduction in the share of male youth population working in agriculture is due mainly to a sharp reduction in the percentage of youth who start out in agriculture, rather than a shift by individuals from agricultural to non-agricultural employment during their life time. Analysis of correlates of the non-farm orientation of rural youth indicates the importance of gender, human capital, access to electricity, proximity to cities, and migration opportunities. The results suggest the importance for supporting rural industry and service activities for meeting the future demand of jobs for the rural youth.
To browse Academia. Skip to main content. You're using an out-of-date version of Internet Explorer. Log In Sign Up. Adegbemi Onakoya. In order to bridge this gap, this study investigates the intersectoral connectivity in the context of the industrial sector by estimating a macroeconometric model. This paper attempts to build a four sector aggregative, structural, macroeconometric model for Nigeria using time series data for the period Three-stage least squares method is also applied with the system of simultaneous equations which seeks to explain the behaviour of key economic variables at the aggregate level.
New heuristics and industrial diagnostics, beyond conventional economic analysis, are needed for disentangling the complex architecture of industrial and economic systems, hierarchic in structure and inherently dynamic. A key focus of this research theme involves analysis of how particular configurations of value chains and manufacturing competencies and the linkages between them offer competitive industrial advantage. A key goal of the research is to develop, operationalise and pilot new tools for structural analysis of industrial systems and for effective industrial policy design.
As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it. Dani Rodrik, Rodrik, Dani, Discussion Papers.
Manufacturing comprises more than half of the Philippines's industrial sector and accounts for almost a quarter of the country's Gross Domestic Product GDP. From an annual growth rate of 5. Manufacturing industries have higher employment, income and output multipliers relative to the agriculture and services sectors. Manufacturing also promotes stronger inter-industry and inter-sectoral linkages, firm productivity, technological development and innovation.
This study advocates the explicit incorporation of the production of in-house information services into input-output tables in order to overcome the limitations imposed by conventional accounting frameworks which distort the relationship between manufacturing and services. This relationship is analysed using a well-known impact methodology. The importance of consumption induced multiplier effects, i. The shift in perception of intersectoral relationships which adoption of our methodology provides is demonstrated using Japan in as a case study.