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Space plant lubricating equipment and filtering devices

Space plant lubricating equipment and filtering devices

Ensuring your equipment and machinery receive quality lubricants from the onset requires an understanding of your lubrication needs; your commitment to successfully manage storage, stock rotation, and dispensing of lubricants; and building the appropriate lubricant-storage facility. Many factors play into the finished design of a purpose-built facility. The two most prevalent are budget and real estate. A third factor, common sense, is required to drive the design decision choices relevant to your immediate and future needs, balanced with the demands of your working environment.

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Content:

Your back-to-the-basics primer on filtering, lubricating, and regulating compressed air

NCBI Bookshelf. Working safely with hazardous chemicals requires proper use of laboratory equipment. Maintenance and regular inspection of laboratory equipment are essential parts of this activity. Many of the accidents that occur in the laboratory can be attributed to improper use or maintenance of laboratory equipment. This chapter discusses prudent practices for handling equipment used frequently in laboratories. The most common equipment-related hazards in laboratories come from devices powered by electricity devices for work with compressed gases, and devices for high or low pressures and temperatures.

Other physical hazards include electromagnetic radiation from lasers and radio-frequency generating devices. Seemingly ordinary hazards such as floods from water-cooled equipment, accidents with rotating equipment and machines or tools for cutting and drilling, noise extremes, slips, trips, falls, lifting, and poor ergonomics account for the greatest frequency of laboratory accidents and injuries. Understandably, injuries to the hands are very common in the laboratory.

Care should be taken to use appropriate gloves when handling laboratory equipment to protect against electrical, thermal, and chemical burns, cuts, and punctures. The use of water as a coolant in laboratory condensers and other equipment is common practice. Although tap water is often used for these purposes, this practice should be discouraged.

In many localities conserving water is essential and makes tap water inappropriate. In addition, the potential for a flood is greatly increased. Refrigerated recirculators can be expensive, but are preferred for cooling laboratory equipment to conserve water and to minimize the impact of floods.

To prevent freezing at the refrigeration coils, using a mixture of water and ethylene glycol as the coolant is prudent. Spills of this mixture are very slippery and must be cleaned thoroughly to prevent slips and falls.

Most flooding occurs when the tubing supplying the water to the condenser disconnects. Hoses can pop off when building water pressure fluctuates, causing irregular flows, or can break when the hose material has deteriorated from long-term or improper use. Floods also result when exit hoses jump out of the sink from a strong flow pulse or sink drains are blocked by an accumulation of extraneous material.

Proper use of hose clamps and maintenance of the entire cooling system or alternative use of a portable cooling bath with suction feed can resolve such problems. Plastic locking disconnects can make it easy to unfasten water lines without having to unclamp and reclamp secured lines. Some quick disconnects also incorporate check valves, which do not allow flow into or out of either half of the connection when disconnected. This feature allows for disconnecting and reconnecting with minimal spillage of water.

To reduce the possibility of overpressurization of fittings or glassware, consider installing a vented pressure relief device on the water supply. Interlocks are also available that shut off electrical power in the event of loss of coolant flow and are recommended for unattended operations. Electrically powered equipment is used routinely for laboratory operations requiring heating, cooling, agitation or mixing, and pumping. Electrically powered equipment found in the laboratory includes fluid and vacuum pumps, lasers, power supplies, both electrophoresis and electrochemical apparatus, x-ray equipment, stirrers, hot plates, heating mantles, microwave ovens, and ultrasonicators.

Attention must be paid to both the mechanical and the electrical hazards inherent in using these devices. High-voltage and high-power requirements are increasingly prevalent; therefore prudent practices for handling these devices are increasingly necessary.

Electric shock is the major electrical hazard. Although relatively low current of 10 mA poses some danger, 80 to mA can be fatal. In addition, if improperly used, electrical equipment can ignite flammable or explosive vapors.

Most of the risks can be minimized by regular proper maintenance and a clear understanding of the correct use of the device. Before beginning any work, all personnel should be shown and trained in the use of all electrical power sources and the location of emergency shutoff switches. Information about emergency procedures can be found in section 7.

Particular caution must be exercised during installation, modification, and repair, as well as during use of the equipment. Trained laboratory personnel should also consult state and local codes and regulations, which may contain special provisions and be more stringent than the NEC rules.

All repair and calibration work on electrical equipment must be carried out by properly trained and qualified personnel. Before modification, installation, or even minor repairs of electrical equipment are carried out, the devices must be deenergized and all capacitors discharged safely.

All new electrical equipment should be inspected on receipt for a certification mark. If the device does not bear one of these certification marks, the device should be inspected by an electrician before it is put into service. Each person participating in any experiment involving the use of electrical equipment must be aware of all applicable equipment safety issues and be briefed on any potential problems.

Trained laboratory personnel can significantly reduce hazards and dangerous behavior by following some basic principles and techniques: checking and rechecking outlet receptacles section 7. All V outlet receptacles in laboratories should be of the standard design that accepts a three-prong plug and provides a ground connection. Replace two-prong receptacles as soon as feasible, and add a separate ground wire so that each receptacle is wired as shown in Figure 7.

Representative design for a three-wire grounded outlet. The design shown is for A, V service. The specific design will vary with amperage and voltage. It is also possible to fit a receptacle with a ground-fault circuit interrupter GFCI , which disconnects the current if a ground fault is detected.

GFCI devices are required by local electrical codes for outdoor receptacles and for selected laboratory receptacles located less than 6 ft 1. These devices differ in operation and purpose from fuses and circuit breakers, which are designed primarily to protect equipment and prevent electrical fires due to short circuits or other abnormally high current draw situations.

Certain types of GFCIs cause equipment shutdowns at unexpected and inappropriate times; hence, their selection and use need careful planning. Be aware that GFCIs are not fail-safe devices. They significantly reduce the possibility of fatal shock but do not entirely eliminate it.

Locate receptacles that provide electric power for operations in laboratory chemical hoods outside the hood. This location prevents the production of electrical sparks inside the chemical hood when a device is plugged in or disconnected, and it also allows trained laboratory personnel to disconnect electrical devices from outside the hood in case of an accident. Cords should not be routed in such a way that they can accidentally be pulled out of their receptacles or tripped over.

Simple inexpensive plastic retaining strips and ties can be used to route cords safely. For laboratory chemical hoods with airfoils, route the electrical cords under the bottom airfoil so that the sash can be closed completely. Most airfoils are easily removed and replaced with a screwdriver. Fit laboratory equipment plugged into a V or higher receptacle with a standard three-conductor line cord that provides an independent ground connection to the chassis of the apparatus see Figure 7.

Ground all electrical equipment unless it is double-insulated. This type of equipment has a two-conductor line cord that meets national codes and standards. The use of two-pronged cheaters to connect equipment with three-prong grounded plugs to old-fashioned two-wire outlets is hazardous and should be prohibited.

Standard wiring convention for V electric power to equipment. Use a standard three-conductor extension cord of sufficient rating for the connected equipment with an independent ground connection. In addition, good practice uses only extension cords equipped with a GFCI.

Install electrical cables properly, even if only for temporary use, and keep them out of aisles and other traffic areas. Install overhead racks and floor channel covers if wires must pass over or under walking areas. Do not intermingle signal and power cables in cable trays or panels. Special care is needed when installing and placing water lines used, for example, to cool equipment such as flash lamps for lasers so that they do not leak or produce condensation, which can dampen power cables nearby.

Equipment plugged into an electrical receptacle should include a fuse or other overload protection device to disconnect the circuit if the apparatus fails or is overloaded. This overload protection is particularly useful for equipment likely to be left on and unattended for a long time, such as variable autotransformers e. If equipment does not contain its own built-in overload protection, modify it to provide such protection or replace it with equipment that does. Overload protection does not protect the trained laboratory personnel from electrocution but does reduce the risk of fire.

Laboratory personnel should be certain that all electrical equipment is well maintained, properly located, and safely used. To do this, review the following precautions and make the necessary adjustments prior to working in the laboratory:. All laboratories should have access to a qualified technician who can make routine repairs to existing equipment and modifications to new or existing equipment so that it will meet acceptable standards for electrical safety.

When operating or servicing electrical equipment, be sure to follow basic safety precautions as summarized below. Unless laboratory personnel are specially trained to install or repair high-current or high-voltage equipment, reserve such tasks for trained electrical workers. The following reminders are included for qualified personnel:.

The use of water aspirators is discouraged. Their use in filtration or solvent-removal operations involving volatile organic solvents presents a hazard that volatile chemicals will contaminate the wastewater and the sewer, even if traps are in place. Water and sewer contamination may result in violation of local, state, or federal law. These devices also consume large volumes of water, present a flooding hazard, and can compromise local conservation measures.

Distillation or similar operations requiring a vacuum must use a trapping device to protect the vacuum source, personnel, and the environment. This requirement also applies to oil-free Teflon-lined diaphragm pumps. Normally the vacuum source is a cold trap cooled with dry ice or liquid nitrogen. Even with the use of a trap, the oil in a mechanical vacuum trap can become contaminated and the waste oil must be treated as a hazardous waste.

Vent the output of each pump to a proper air exhaust system. This procedure is essential when the pump is being used to evacuate a system containing a volatile toxic or corrosive substance. Failure to observe this precaution results in pumping the untrapped substances into the laboratory atmosphere.

Scrubbing or absorbing the gases exiting the pump is also recommended. Even with these precautions, volatile toxic or corrosive substances may accumulate in the pump oil and thus be discharged into the laboratory atmosphere during future pump use. Avoid this hazard by draining and replacing the pump oil when it becomes contaminated. Follow procedures recommended by the institution's environmental health and safety office for the safe disposal of pump oil contaminated with toxic or corrosive substances.

General-purpose laboratory vacuum pumps should have a record of use to prevent cross-contamination or reactive chemical incompatibility problems. Belt-driven mechanical pumps must have protective guards.

We've noticed you're using a version of Internet Explorer that is out of date and may not support all the features on our website. The DuPont approach to solving global challenges is rooted in our science and engineering expertise.

Quickly view the health and level of your oil with our complete line of visual oil analysis products. Time-Bound goals provides accountability and continuity throughout any organization. Compared to traditional time-based condition monitoring, real-time monitoring involving IoT enabled solutions offer 6 several distinct advantages. Des-Case expands and strengthens global presence and product solutions with RMF Systems add-on acquisition. Historically, lubrication management has been the responsibility of the individual mechanic or millwright completing the work.

Cutting through the fog on pneumatic lubrication

Compressed air moves the machines that make the things we work and play with every day. To maximize the efficiency and service life of pneumatic tools and equipment that push, pull, lift, position, or convey, compressed air must be clean, dry, and delivered at the appropriate pressure. Compressing air concentrates contaminants and moisture, which cause premature wear and tool damage. The right filter removes particles and water.

Grease traps & treatment equipment

NCBI Bookshelf. Working safely with hazardous chemicals requires proper use of laboratory equipment. Maintenance and regular inspection of laboratory equipment are essential parts of this activity. Many of the accidents that occur in the laboratory can be attributed to improper use or maintenance of laboratory equipment. This chapter discusses prudent practices for handling equipment used frequently in laboratories. The most common equipment-related hazards in laboratories come from devices powered by electricity devices for work with compressed gases, and devices for high or low pressures and temperatures. Other physical hazards include electromagnetic radiation from lasers and radio-frequency generating devices.

For a complete and proper lubrication program to work effectively and provide the most return on investment, the entire gamut of lubrication must be considered, ranging from receiving to application.

On October 20, , the Food Safety Inspection Service FSIS published a final rulemaking in the Federal Register that establishes regulatory sanitation performance standards applicable to all official meat and poultry establishments. FSIS Docket F; 64 FR Performance standards set forth requirements in terms of an objective to be achieved, but do not prescribe the means to achieve that objective. Therefore, to meet the sanitation performance standards, establishments may develop and employ sanitation or processing procedures customized to the nature and volume of their production. In this document, FSIS presents or references methods already proven to be effective in maintaining sanitary conditions in meat and poultry establishments. Past FSIS regulations and guidance, as well as recommendations from the Food Code and other technical sources, are included or cited. Establishments that follow the guidance in this document can be fairly certain that they are meeting the sanitation performance standards. Establishments should keep in mind, however, that each processing environment is unique and that in some cases, the methods presented in this document may be inadequate to ensure sanitary conditions or prevent the adulteration of meat and poultry products.

10 Ways to Improve Lubricant Storage and Handling

Machinery Lubrication I ML I provides the foundational skillset for applying best lubrication practices and product knowledge. They also gain better understanding of oil analysis, so they can align their efforts with those of maintenance professionals or oil analysis experts. Suggest a New Date or Location.

Engine oil sellers. Engine Oil Level The oil tank is located on the left side of the vehicle.

Historical Version s - view previous versions of standard. More D This practice may be used to perform oil changes based on oil condition and test results rather than on the basis of service time or calendar time. It is intended to save operating and maintenance expenses. Some oil testing devices and sensors typically used for screening oils that will be tested according to standard methods provide trendable indicators that correlate to water, particulates, and other contaminants but do not directly measure these. Auxiliary equipment covered includes gears, hydraulic systems, diesel engines, pumps, compressors, and electrohydraulic control EHC systems. It includes sampling and testing schedules and recommended action steps, as well as information on how oils degrade. Users of these fluids should consult the manufacturer to determine recommended monitoring practices. Rather, it is intended to complement Practice D No other units of measurement are included in this standard. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

Jul 7, - Getting clean, dry oil into machines (and keeping it that way) is one Filtration devices should be used to remove particles and water, The objective of this project is to design the internal layout of the lubrication storage facility so that it Dedicated filtration systems can be used as part part of a lube room.

Maintain Expensive Machinery with DuPont™ Lubricants & Greases

A particulate air filter is a device composed of fibrous or porous materials which removes solid particulates such as dust , pollen , mold , and bacteria from the air. Filters containing an adsorbent or catalyst such as charcoal carbon may also remove odors and gaseous pollutants such as volatile organic compounds or ozone. Some buildings, as well as aircraft and other human-made environments e. Another method, air ionizers , use fibers or elements with a static electric charge, which attract dust particles. The air intakes of internal combustion engines and air compressors tend to use either paper , foam , or cotton filters. Oil bath filters have fallen out of favor. The technology of air intake filters of gas turbines has improved significantly in recent years, due to improvements in the aerodynamics and fluid dynamics of the air-compressor part of the gas turbines. High efficiency particulate air HEPA , [2] [3] originally called high-efficiency particulate absorber but also sometimes called high-efficiency particulate arresting or high-efficiency particulate arrestance, is a type of air filter. Filters meeting the HEPA standard have many applications, including use in clean rooms for IC fabrication, medical facilities, automobiles, aircraft and homes. Varying standards define what qualifies as a HEPA filter.

Engine oil sellers

Victaulic Lube. If you need any assistance, please call our trusted sales representatives So here are the basics of elevator doors, the hardest working element of the vertical transport system. Victaulic Lubricant 1 Quart Multiple Manufacturers. Push the second pipe end or component up to the center lip of the gasket from the other side of the coupling. Del-Ton, Inc stocks name-brand products as well as our own Del Ton rifle kits and signature pieces!. All nipples have a weld bead inside and are NPT threaded at both ends. The faceplate is steel, so was expecting chatter truing the face. Fire and Fabrication. Order online with an account for fast delivery or pickup from one of our 16 Midwest locations.

It seems redundant to say that oil and grease dispensing equipment must be kept spotlessly clean, but unfortunately many plant facilities and mobile equipment operators place very little, if any, emphasis on the cleanliness of stored lubricants or their dispensing equipment. These careless attitudes cost industry hundreds of thousands of dollars annually in contamination-related equipment failures. At the very least, the following guidelines must be applied to reduce the problems associated with contamination of lubricants and dispensers during equipment servicing operations and storage. If lubricants are dispensed from a stationary bulk oil tank, the outlet lines must contain similar filter installations.

Click here to view the Lubrication Guide. Pneumatic devices that push, pull, lift, position, or convey last longer and perform better when supplied with compressed air that is clean, dry, pressure-regulated, and lubricated.

Lubrication reduces friction between moving parts by substituting fluid friction for solid friction. Without lubrication, it is difficult to move a hundred-pound weight across a rough surface; with lubrication, and with proper attention to the design of bearing surfaces, it is possible to move a million-pound load with a motor that is small enough to be held in the hand.

If you discharge it directly to sewer, it can:. The type of pre-treatment required will depend on your business activities.

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