Includes attacks on the Bolshevik take over. In view of the approaching thaw, due to which water has formed on the streets, I direct all UCHKOMS to see to enlisting citizens to work on cleaning ice from the sidewalks, and also cleaning the drainage gratings in the middle of the street. Over the course of the night, the adversary's parties tried to attack twice, but were repulsed by our fire. After 4 A. About the adversary began artillery fire, to which our artillery gave an energetic response. Firing continued with pauses until , after which a calm set in.
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- Smoking Tobacco in Russia
- Kronstadt Izvestiia #13
- Foxconn reopens Indian manufacturing unit as Asian smartphone demand grows
- Kronstadt Izvestiia #13
- From Tsarism to the New Economic Policy
- «Ukrainian Makhorka» - Organic Tobacco Seeds
- Why is the Garden Cheerful, the Theatre Green and the Girl with an Oar— five Gorky Park stories
- A Revolutionary Attack on Tobacco: Bolshevik Antismoking Campaigns in the 1920s
Smoking Tobacco in RussiaVIDEO ON THE TOPIC: Rapee Production
Includes attacks on the Bolshevik take over. In view of the approaching thaw, due to which water has formed on the streets, I direct all UCHKOMS to see to enlisting citizens to work on cleaning ice from the sidewalks, and also cleaning the drainage gratings in the middle of the street.
Over the course of the night, the adversary's parties tried to attack twice, but were repulsed by our fire. After 4 A. About the adversary began artillery fire, to which our artillery gave an energetic response. Firing continued with pauses until , after which a calm set in.
The trading house of Lenin, Trotsky and Co. The criminal, autocratic policies of the ruling Communist Party have led Soviet Russia into the abyss of beggary and ruin.
Enough of this, it's time to rest. But apparently the toilers still haven't spilled enough blood and tears. This is a moment of historic battle, daringly raised by Revolutionary Kronstadt for the rights of the laboring people which have been desecrated and trampled by the Communists. And now the flock of ravens has flown together for its 10th Party Congress, and is reaching agreements on how to continue their Cain-like business even more slyly and effectively.
Their shamelessness is complete. They speak of concessions with complete calm. They have become used to it. Lenin even talks like this, "We have started to develop a beginning for concessions.
The degree to which this will be successful doesn't depend on us, but we must achieve it. The situation has required us to buy abroad not only machines, but also coal, which we have much of. Lenin consoles us, "Such sacrifices will be necessary in the future also, in obtaining items of broad use, and for the collective farms.
Where is the economy made right, for the good of which the worker was turned into a slave in a bureaucratic factory and the laboring peasantry into hired hands on Soviet farms?! But this is still not enough. Lenin, talking about agriculture, promises even more "blessings," under the further "ownership" of the Communists, as he himself puts it.
That is the kind of "blessing" which the head of the Bolsheviks promises to all who will continue to submissively carry the yoke of commissarocracy.
The peasant was right who said at the Eighth Congress of Soviets, "everything's going all right, only But the toiler doesn't have to worry. Lenin promises, "to make a number of concessions to the smallholder, to give him known limits of a free economy. This is clearly visible from the phrase, "of course, you won't achieve it without compulsion, for the country is terribly impoverished and tired.
The mission of peaceful construction Lenin understands to be, "with concessions at the top and taxes at the bottom. But what in fact came of it? All the best houses and apartments are taken by departments and subdepartments, and their bureaucrats have set themselves up spaciously, comfortably and warmly. The number of available apartments was reduced, and workers live in the very same places where they lived before, just more run-down and more crowded.
The houses are reaching old age, and the stoves are almost ruined. Broken windows aren't fixed. Roofs are bursting and just about to begin leaking. Fences are strewn about. Waterpipes are half ruined. Toilets don't work. Apartments are flooded with refuse. Citizens see to their needs in strangers' courtyards. Stairways are unlit and filthy. Courtyards are like pigsties. Garbage cans and cesspools are overfilled. The streets are dirty; the sidewalks haven't been cleared and slippery.
It's dangerous to walk. In order to receive an apartment it is necessary to have pull in the housing department; otherwise, don't even think about it. Only the select have spacious and comfortable apartments.
The matter of food is even worse. Irresponsible and incapable workers have ruined hundreds of thousands of food items. They distribute nothing but frozen potatoes. Meat is rotten in spring and summer. They didn't used to give to swine what citizens have received from the builders of "heavenly" life.
Soviet stores turned out to be worse than the factory stores of unpleasant memory, where the owner-manufacturers dumped every kind of trash, and the enslaved workers couldn't say a word. In order to destroy home life, our rulers introduced communal cafeterias And what came of it?
The food there was even worse! Produce was plundered, and the citizens were given the remains. Children's food was somewhat better. But what was given to the children was still not enough, and most important, there wasn't enough milk. In their time, the Communists took all the milk cattle from the laboring populace to their farms. Half they destroyed. Milk from the surviving cattle went first to administrators and employees, and only the scraps to the children.
But the worst of all was the clothing and shoe situation. People wore only what was stored away earlier. If anything came in for distribution, then it was very little. Isn't it funny? Shoes were especially bad. The path to heaven may be short, but all the same you won't get there without soles on your shoes. There were, however, channels in which all that was needed flowed freely. People close to the Communist Party, and those with power, had everything.
They had their own cafeteria, special rations, and a special orders table for their service, distributing blessings by the good will of a woman commissar. But people knew that the "commune" sapped, and in the end destroyed, productive labor. Any inclination and interest to work fell away.
Cobblers, tailors, water carriers and others who had earlier worked by handicraft, quit and went away, someone here and someone there. They became port guards and watchmen, joined the ranks of the departmental workers, and so on. This is the heaven which the Bolsheviks took on themselves to build. In place of the former regime there arose a new regime of excess, vileness, "comradeship," selfishness, thievery and speculation.
It is a horrible regime, where it's necessary to hold out your hand to the authorities for every little piece of bread and every button. It's a regime where you don't even own yourself, and there's no way to be your own master. It's a regime of slavery and humiliation. This is the kind of hell we lived in for three years. But that was still just the blossoms, and we will rescue ourselves from the berries.
A state of siege has been declared. Guards on the bridges have been increased. Guard posts have been placed at busy crossings, controlling the movement of automobiles and horses. Movement is forbidden after 9 P. The theaters are closed. The workers are expectant. The electrical station and water supply work industriously.
All other factories are either striking or "Italianing" [sit-down striking, after the form of Italian labor protestors]. Therefore they aren't sent to the front, but are held in barracks and not issued weapons. Due to the danger of active interference by the sailors, a partial transfer has been begun to the Black Sea. To the front are sent exclusively cadets, and independent units quickly thrown together from members of regional and suburban soviets.
The entire amount on hand in the Petrograd storehouses at the beginning of March amounted to 23, poods a meaningful part being frozen meat. Of that, 22, poods have now been requisitioned for the needs of the Petrograd garrison; poods are left for high Soviet employees. There are no reserves for the populace. The steam grainmill Mordukha stands empty. About 20, persons have been arrested by now. The figure is not confirmed. The Kronstadt events are the main issue of the day.
The general condition of the Jewish community The Period of final glory Translated by Shimon Joffe The two and a half decades preceding the First World War saw a period of recovery and even a high tide in the life of Grodno and its Jewish population. The city industries, especially the tobacco industry and the sawing of timber, opened and developed. They grew with the development of mechanization, and with agricultural produce from the widespread close and distant districts created an imposing empire. The wide ranging trade with the rest of the country reached its peak with the junction of railway lines nearby, including international branches from central and western Europe, running through Warsaw to St. Petersburg and passing through Grodno.
Kronstadt Izvestiia #13
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Foxconn reopens Indian manufacturing unit as Asian smartphone demand grows
The present invention relates to a method for controlling the size and weight of sugar-containing solid pieces and to the product produced thereby. They are produced by bacteria growing on a sucrose substrate. It has been found that during the harvesting of sugar cane, the bacteria in the soil acting on the sugar cane causes formation of dextrans. The dextrans tend to plasticize the sugar containing same. Thus, when dextran-containing sugar is employed in making candy drops or tablets, it has been found that the dextrans cause distortion of the candy pieces. In accordance with the present invention, a method is provided for controlling distortion in sugar-containing solid pieces as caused by dextrans as well as a method for controlling the size and weight of sugar-containing solid pieces. The above methods are carried out by incorporating with the ingredients forming the sugar-containing solid pieces a desired amount of dextran having a given molecular weight.
Manufacturing is the production of products for use or sale using labour and machines , tools , chemical and biological processing, or formulation, and is the essence of secondary industry. The term may refer to a range of human activity, from handicraft to high tech , but is most commonly applied to industrial design, in which raw materials from primary industry are transformed into finished goods on a large scale. Such finished goods may be sold to other manufacturers for the production of other more complex products such as aircraft , household appliances , furniture , sports equipment or automobiles , or distributed via the tertiary industry to end users and consumers usually through wholesalers , who in turn sell to retailers , who then sell them to individual customers. Manufacturing engineering or manufacturing process are the steps through which raw materials are transformed into a final product. The manufacturing process begins with the product design, and materials specification from which the product is made. These materials are then modified through manufacturing processes to become the required part. Modern manufacturing includes all intermediate processes required in the production and integration of a product's components. Some industries, such as semiconductor and steel manufacturers use the term fabrication instead. The manufacturing sector is closely connected with engineering and industrial design. In its earliest form, manufacturing was usually carried out by a single skilled artisan with assistants.
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This application claims priority from U. The present invention relates to a nicotine, in particular to compositions, processes, and methods of manufacture of a synthetic or imitation nicotine. According to the statistical data from WHO, about 4. Although smoking may cause serious respiratory diseases and cancer, it remains extremely difficult for smokers to quit smoking. The active ingredient in a cigarette is nicotine. During smoking, nicotine, along with tar aerosol droplets produced in the cigarette when it burns, enters a smoker's alveolus and is rapidly absorbed. After being absorbed into the blood of a smoker, nicotine then produces its effect on the receptors of the smoker's central nervous system, which makes the smoker relax and enjoy an inebriety similar to that produced by an exhilarant. Nicotine is a kind of alkaloid with a low molecular weight and its half-life in blood is quite short. The major harmful substance in tobacco is tar, which is composed of thousands of ingredients, tens of which are carcinogenic substances. It has been proven that passive smoking can be more harmful to non-smokers than smoking is to the smoker. Although these cigarette substitutes are free from tar, their major disadvantage is that an effective peak concentration of nicotine cannot be reached in the blood of a smoker due to slow absorption of the nicotine.
Kronstadt Izvestiia #13
A factory, manufacturing plant or a production plant is an industrial site, usually consisting of buildings and machinery, or more commonly a complex having several buildings, where workers manufacture goods or operate machines processing one product into another. Factories arose with the introduction of machinery during the Industrial Revolution when the capital and space requirements became too great for cottage industry or workshops. Early factories that contained small amounts of machinery, such as one or two spinning mules , and fewer than a dozen workers have been called "glorified workshops". Most modern factories have large warehouses or warehouse -like facilities that contain heavy equipment used for assembly line production. Large factories tend to be located with access to multiple modes of transportation, with some having rail, highway and water loading and unloading facilities.
From Tsarism to the New Economic Policy
We are very sorry, but an error occurred. Please contact support reportbuyer. Cigarettes are thin cylinders of finely cut tobacco that are rolled in paper for smoking. They were invented in the 9th century in the form of reeds and smoking tubes but are currently available in a wide variety of nicotine or other psychoactive herbal substances. E-cigarettes, also known as vape pens and e-vaping devices, are battery-operated electronic devices that simulate the experience of smoking cigarettes. They deliver dosages of vaporized nicotine or flavored solutions for being inhaled by the user.
«Ukrainian Makhorka» - Organic Tobacco Seeds
The recovery crowned a steady upward struggle of over five years from the winter of , when, as a result of the World War, the civil struggles and foreign invasions, the output of industry had fallen to i per cent of the output for Industrial production for the fiscal year was approximately per cent of that of The recovery has been effected without the aid of a single foreign loan. During the later years of the reconstruction period the advance in industrial production was particularly rapid.
Why is the Garden Cheerful, the Theatre Green and the Girl with an Oar— five Gorky Park stories
Using archival records of the Commissariat of Public Health, journals, and propaganda materials from the antismoking campaign of the Soviet s, this article argues that the revolutionary state pursued an antitobacco policy unique in the world in its attack on tobacco use at a national scale. The commissar of public health, Nikolai Alexandrovich Semashko, attempted to severely curtail tobacco cultivation and production, limit tobacco sales, and create a public opinion against tobacco with a propaganda campaign. Even in failing in its farther-reaching goals, the policy proved one of the most forward in terms of antismoking propaganda and state-sponsored treatment regimens, with the distribution of antismoking posters, pamphlets, articles, plays, and films as well as the creation of special state-sponsored smoking-cessation programs that boasted high success rates. After the February Revolution of , which installed the Provisional Government upon the still-smoldering rubble of the Romanov autocracy, the exiled Bolshevik Vladimir Iliich Lenin began a trek across war-torn Europe to join his voice to those calling for change.
A Revolutionary Attack on Tobacco: Bolshevik Antismoking Campaigns in the 1920s
Он вытер их о брюки и попробовал. На этот раз створки двери чуть-чуть разошлись. Сьюзан, увидев, что дело пошло, попыталась помочь Стратмору.
Лет пятнадцати-шестнадцати. Волосы… - Не успев договорить, он понял, что совершил ошибку. Кассирша сощурилась.