Although logistics has been mostly utilized in commercial supply chains, it is also an important tool in disaster relief operations. Humanitarian logistics is a branch of logistics which specializes in organizing the delivery and warehousing of supplies during natural disasters or complex emergencies to the affected area and people. However , this definition focuses only on the physical flow of goods to final destinations, and in reality, humanitarian logistics is far more complicated and includes forecasting and optimizing resources, managing inventory, and exchanging information. Thus, a good broader definition of humanitarian logistics is the process of planning, implementing and controlling the efficient, cost-effective flow and storage of goods and materials, as well as related information, from the point of origin to the point of consumption for the purpose of alleviating the suffering of vulnerable people. This figure presents numerous important aspects in humanitarian logistics, including transport, inventory management, infrastructure, and communications. Humanitarian logistics plays an integral role in disaster relief for several reasons.
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Title 8. Industrial Relations Division 1. Department of Industrial Relations Chapter 4. Division of Industrial Safety Subchapter 7. General Industry Safety Orders Group Control of Hazardous Substances Article Hazardous Substances and Processes. A Clean-up operations or hazardous substance removal work required by a governmental body, whether Federal, state, local or other involving hazardous substances that are conducted at uncontrolled hazardous waste sites including, but not limited to, the Environmental Protection Agency's EPA National Priority Site List NPL , state priority site lists, sites recommended for the EPA, NPL, and initial investigations of government identified sites which are conducted before the presence or absence of hazardous substances has been ascertained ;.
C Voluntary clean-up operations at sites recognized by Federal, state, local or other governmental bodies as uncontrolled hazardous waste sites;. E Emergency response operations for releases of, or substantial threats of releases of, hazardous substances without regard to the location of the hazard. A All requirements of Title 8 of the California Code of Regulations apply pursuant to their terms to hazardous waste operations whether covered by this section or not.
If there is a conflict or overlap, the provision more protective of employee safety and health shall apply without regard to 8 CCR a. B Hazardous substance clean-up operations within the scope of subsections a 1 A through a 1 C of this section must comply with all subsections of this section except subsections p and q. C Operations within the scope of subsection a 1 D of this section must comply only with the requirements of subsection p of this section.
All provisions of subsection p of this section cover any treatment, storage, or disposal TSD operation regulated by 40 CFR parts and or by Chapter 6. Employers who are not required to have a permit or interim status because they are conditionally exempt small quantity generators under 40 CFR Excepted employers who are required by the EPA or state agency such as the Department of Health Services DHS to have their employees engage in emergency response or who direct their employees to engage in emergency response are covered by subsection p 8 of this section, and cannot be exempted by p 8 A of this section.
Excepted employers who are not required to have employees engage in emergency response, who direct their employees to evacuate in the case of such emergencies and who meet the requirements of subsection p 8 A of this section are exempt from the balance of subsection p 8 of this section. If an area is used for hazardous waste treatment, storage, or disposal, any emergency response operations in that area shall comply with subsection p 8 of this section.
In other areas not used for treatment storage, or disposal of hazardous waste, any emergency response operation shall comply with subsection q of this section. Compliance with the requirements of subsection q of this section shall be deemed to be in compliance with the requirements of subsection p 8 of this section. D Emergency response operations for releases of, or substantial threats of releases of, hazardous substances which are not covered by subsections a 1 A through a 1 D of this section must only comply with the requirements of subsection q of this section.
Buddy system: A system of organizing employees into work groups in such a manner that each employee of the work group is designated to be observed by at least one other employee in the work group.
The purpose of the buddy system is to provide quick assistance to employees in the event of an emergency. Certified employee: An employee that has completed all of the requirements for training certification delineated in subsection e 6 of this section. Certified supervisor: A supervisor that has completed all of the requirements for training certification delineated in subsection e 6 of this section. Clean-up operation: An operation where hazardous substances are removed, contained, incinerated, neutralized, stabilized, cleared-up, or in any other manner processed or handled with the ultimate goal of making the site safer for people or the environment.
Decontamination: The removal of hazardous substances from employees and their equipment to the extent necessary to preclude the occurrence of foreseeable adverse health effects. Emergency response, or responding to emergencies: A response effort by employees from outside the immediate release area or by other designated responders i.
Responses to incidental releases of hazardous substances where the substance can be absorbed, neutralized, or otherwise controlled at the time of release by employees in the immediate release area, or by maintenance personnel are not considered to be emergency responses within the scope of this standard.
Responses to releases of hazardous substances where there is no immediate safety or health hazard i. Facility: A. Any building, structure, installation, equipment, pipe or pipeline including any pipe into a sewer or publicly owned treatment works , well, pit, pond, lagoon, impoundment, ditch, storage container, motor vehicle, rolling stock, or aircraft, or B. Hazardous materials response HAZMAT team: An organized group of employees, designated by the employer, which is expected to perform work to handle and control actual or potential leaks or spills of hazardous substances requiring possible close approach to the substance.
The team members perform responses to releases or potential releases of hazardous substances for the purpose of control or stabilization of the incident. Hazardous substance: Any substance designated or listed under A. Any biological agent and other disease-causing agent which after release into the environment and upon exposure, ingestion, inhalation, or assimilation into any person, either directly from the environment or indirectly by ingestion through food chains, will or may reasonably be anticipated to cause death, disease, behavioral abnormalities, cancer, genetic mutation, physiological malfunctions including malfunctions in reproduction or physical deformations in such persons or their offspring;.
Any substance listed by the U. Department of Transportation and regulated as hazardous materials under 49 CFR Hazardous waste as herein defined. Hazardous substance removal work: Clean-up work at any of the following:. A site where removal or remedial action is taken pursuant to any of the following:. Chapter 6. Any operations covered under subsections a 1 A through a 1 C of this section.
A site where corrective action is taken pursuant to Section or A site where clean-up of a discharge of a hazardous substance is required pursuant to Division 7 commencing with Section of the Water Code. A site where removal or remedial action is taken because a hazardous substance has been discharged or released in an amount that is reportable pursuant to Section of the Water Code or the federal Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 42 U.
Hazardous substance removal work does not include work related to a hazardous substance spill on a highway. Hazardous waste: A waste or combination of wastes as defined in 40 CFR Hazardous waste operation: Any operation conducted within the scope of this regulation including hazardous substance removal work as defined in Labor Code Section Hazardous waste site, or site: Any facility or location at which hazardous waste operations within the scope of this regulation take place.
Health hazard: A chemical or a pathogen where acute or chronic health effects may occur in exposed employees. It also includes stress due to temperature extremes. The term health hazard includes chemicals that are classified in accordance with the Hazard Communication Standard, Section , as posing one of the following hazardous effects: Acute toxicity any route of exposure ; skin corrosion or irritation; serious eye damage or eye irritation; respiratory or skin sensitization; germ cell mutagenicity; carcinogenicity; reproductive toxicity; specific target organ toxicity single or repeated exposure ; aspiration toxicity or simple asphyxiant.
See Appendix A to Section Health Hazard Criteria Mandatory for the criteria for determining whether a chemical is classified as a health hazard. IDLH or Immediately dangerous to life or health: An atmospheric concentration of any toxic, corrosive or asphyxiant substance that poses an immediate threat to life or would cause irreversible or delayed adverse health effects or would interfere with an individual's ability to escape from a dangerous atmosphere.
Incidental release: An incidental release is one that does not cause a health or safety hazard to employees and does not need to be cleaned up immediately to prevent death or serious injury to employees. Oxygen deficiency: That concentration of oxygen by volume below which air supplying respiratory protection must be provided. It exists in atmospheres where the percentage of oxygen by volume is less than Post-emergency response: That portion of an emergency response performed after the immediate threat of a release has been stabilized or eliminated and clean-up of the site has begun.
If post emergency response is performed by an employer's own employees who were part of the initial emergency response, it is considered to be part of the initial response and not post-emergency response. However, if a group of an employer's own employees, separate from the group providing initial response, performs the clean-up operation, then the separate group of employees would be considered to be performing post-emergency response and subject to subsection q 11 of this section.
Pre-job health and safety conference: A health and safety conference or briefing held prior to entering a site for the purpose of initiating hazardous substance removal work. Qualified person: A person with specific training, knowledge and experience in the area for which the person has the responsibility and the authority to control. Site safety and health supervisor or official : The individual located on a hazardous waste site who is responsible to the employer and has the authority and knowledge necessary to implement the site safety and health plan and verify compliance with applicable safety and health requirements.
Small quantity generator: A generator of hazardous wastes who in any calendar month generates no more than 1, kilograms 2, pounds of hazardous waste in that month. Uncontrolled hazardous waste site: An area where an accumulation of hazardous waste creates a threat to the health and safety of individuals or the environment or both. Some sites are found on public lands, such as those created by former municipal, county, or state landfills where illegal or poorly managed waste disposal has taken place.
Other sites are found on private property, often belonging to generators or former generators of hazardous waste. Examples of such sites include, but are not limited to, surface impoundments, landfills, dumps, and tank or drum farms.
Normal operations at TSD sites are not covered by this definition. Uncontrolled release: An uncontrolled release is the accidental release of a hazardous substance from its container.
If not contained, stopped, and removed, the release would pose a hazard to the employees in the immediate area or in areas in the path of the release, or from its byproducts or its effects such as toxic vapors, fire, over-pressurization, toxic gases, or toxic particulates. NOTE TO b : Safety and health programs developed and implemented to meet other Federal, state, or local regulations are considered acceptable in meeting this requirement if they cover or are modified to cover the topics required in this subsection.
An additional or separate safety and health program is not required by this subsection. A Employers shall develop and implement a written safety and health program for their employees involved in hazardous waste operations. The program shall be designed to identify, evaluate, and control safety and health hazards, and provide for emergency response for hazardous waste operations.
B The written safety and health program shall incorporate the following:. An organization structure;. A comprehensive workplan;. A site-specific safety and health plan which need not repeat the employer's standard operating procedures required in subsection b 1 B 6. The safety and health training program;. The medical surveillance program;. The employer's standard operating procedures for safety and health; and. Any necessary interface between general program and site specific activities.
C Site excavation. Site excavations created during initial site preparation or during hazardous waste operations shall be shored or sloped as appropriate to prevent accidental collapse in accordance with 8 CCR, Chapter 4, Subchapter 4, Article 6. D Contractors and sub-contractors. An employer who retains contractor or sub-contractor services for work in hazardous waste operations shall inform those contractors, sub-contractors, or their representatives of the site emergency response procedures and any potential fire, explosion, health, safety or other hazards of the hazardous waste operation that have been identified by the employer, including those identified in the employer's information program.
E Program availability. The written safety and health program shall be made available to any contractor or subcontractor or their representative who will be involved with the hazardous waste operation; to employees; to employee designated representatives; to Division representatives, and to personnel of other Federal, state, or local agencies with regulatory authority over the site.
A The organizational structure part of the program shall establish the specific chain of command and specify the overall responsibilities of supervisors and employees. It shall include, at a minimum, the following elements:. A general supervisor or Certified supervisor for hazardous substance removal work who has the responsibility and authority to direct all hazardous waste operations.
A Section Scope and general requirements 1 The rules of the state fire marshal as set forth in Chapter of the Administrative Code shall be known as the "Ohio Fire Code" abbreviated "OFC " and hereinafter in such rule may also be referred to as the "state fire code" or "this code. This code establishes state fire marshal rules for the administration and enforcement of authorities granted to the fire marshal and fire code officials in Chapters The hazard of fire and explosion arising from the storage, handling or use of structures, materials or devices;. Conditions hazardous to life, property or public welfare in the occupancy of structures or premises;. Matters related to the construction, extension, repair, alteration or removal of fire protection systems; and 5.
The origins of the Branch go back to Its objective is to maximise the safety and effectiveness of chemical emergency management throughout Queensland for the protection of people, property and the environment. The Branch has four core products:. Development and delivery of specialist education and training, across the QFES and other specialist agencies, to improve the approaches adopted within Queensland to safely manage hazmat and CBR incidents;.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: HUGE INDUSTRIAL FIRE IN CARDIFF! - Many Specialist Fire Engines & Trucks Responding - [PART 1]
Return to index New query. Go Back to Article Table of Contents. Skip to Main Content. This information is provided free of charge by the Department of Industrial Relations from its web site at www. These regulations are for the convenience of the user and no representation or warranty is made that the information is current or accurate. Title 8. Industrial Relations Division 1.
Emergency Escape and Fire Fighting
Account Options Anmelden. Meine Mediathek Hilfe Erweiterte Buchsuche. Industrial Fire Brigade: Principles and Practice. Fire fighters working within an industrial fire brigade must possess professional competencies not required of other response personnel. Chapter 3 Fire Service Communications. Chapter 4 Incident Management System. Chapter 5 Fire Behavior. Chapter 6 Building Construction. Chapter 7 Portable Fire Extinguishers. Chapter 8 Brigade Member Tools and Equipment.
Evacuation Plans and Procedures eTool
Extreme weather, bomb threats, combustible dust explosions: all events that require companies to switch on emergency gear. Since these situations invariably cause panic, having a solid emergency evacuation plan in place is the best way to handle them. Many conditions can create an emergency situation. But not all of them would require an evacuation. Whether or not you need to evacuate depends on several factors. These include the type of emergency and the characteristics of the building e. Your plan should specify the exact conditions that require an evacuation of all office employees and staff. In some situations, it would be safer to stay indoors. This could be in the case of extreme weather, or dangerous chemicals in the outside environment. In these circumstances, you should have a designated interior room preferably with no windows where employees and visitors can gather.
§ 5192. Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response.
10 Essential Elements of an Emergency Evacuation Plan
Recommendations for Ministry Emergency Response Plan. Municipal Responsibilities. Provincial Ministries. Federal Government.
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