In the early 90s, tanneries were strictly specialised. Tanners had no practical worries about sales of their finished products - the government distributed all their leather to the shoe factories. The economic crisis in the country at the beginning of the 90s negatively affected the work of industrial plants. A sharp rise in energy prices cost many enterprises dear and their production slackened. Shoe factories were practically brought to a standstill because they had no financial resources. Living standards and purchasing capacity were reduced and also huge quantities of shoes were imported into the Ukraine.
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TraceabilityVIDEO ON THE TOPIC: Semi finished products warehouse
In the early 90s, tanneries were strictly specialised. Tanners had no practical worries about sales of their finished products - the government distributed all their leather to the shoe factories. The economic crisis in the country at the beginning of the 90s negatively affected the work of industrial plants.
A sharp rise in energy prices cost many enterprises dear and their production slackened. Shoe factories were practically brought to a standstill because they had no financial resources. Living standards and purchasing capacity were reduced and also huge quantities of shoes were imported into the Ukraine. The tanning industry in the Ukraine lost their traditional customers. Together with the transition to a market economy, enterprises began searching for new customers and buyers and plants faced the question of expanding their product ranges, the need for a quick response to fashion demands and rebuilding technological processes for production of competitive products.
This was beyond the capabilities of some and many tanneries were obliged to reduce their production of finished products and to switch to production of semi-finished products. Some even stopped production entirely. This drop in volumes was caused by a sharp reduction in the amount of circulating assets of tanners as a result of hyperinflation, reduction of livestock see Table 2 , decrease in demand for finished leather by their main consumers - the shoe sector and by the mass export of cattle hides which hit local tanneries see Table 3.
Today, production in this sector reaches only As a result they are able to overcome the difficult economic conditions and constantly changing demand on the part of consumers of leather and footwear. From to , the Ukrainian shoe industry - the basic domestic consumer of finished leather - reduced its production by nearly 15 times. According to official statistics, in the domestic factories produced , thousand pairs of shoes while by the year this had dropped to13, thousand pairs.
It has only become apparent in the past six months or so that demand from domestic enterprises has shown a slight increase. One of the essential reasons for this is the result of delivery of these goods to Ukrainian shoemakers under contracts for processing goods on commission for overseas companies.
Vozco have been in production since Originally, the main part of the installed equipment was designed for heavy cattle hides kg for mainly chrome shoe upper leathers.
Today, planned production capacity is 22, tons of processed raw material annually. Vozco are now completely equipped with up-to-date Italian machinery.
The range of finished products has expanded to include: thicker leathers for the production of shoes without lining, thin leathers for dress shoes, garment leather, fancy leather, lining and upholstery leather, coated suede splits for shoe uppers and lining.
When the demand for semi-finished products increased, they began to sell wet-blue splits. Vozco have been geared up for the production of 60, sq m of upholstery leather per month since January 1, To realise this task, the factory purchased wide throughfeed machines and began batch production of upholstery leather. Now, annual output of natural leather amounts to 1. The bulk of their raw material is bought through intermediaries, including suppliers which were organised with the participation of Vozco.
Only an insignificant amount of raw material comes for processing under commission contracts. Vozco say that the quality of the raw material gets constantly worse: the proportion of raw material in the heavier weights is reduced, flaying standards are poor and preservation of hides faulty. However, the selection of raw material purchased by the enterprise remains stable; the first grade prevails.
In order to make a detailed assessment of the quality of the raw, determine the best final use and ascertain the influence of region of procurement and seasonality, they have developed a system of marking the hides with a punch. In this way, they can identify the hide right through to the end of production and the data can be read, if required, at different stages of production.
The plant has a licensed warehouse and a net of their own warehouses, which can store chemicals in appropriate conditions for up to 3 or 4 months. To ensure high quality production at maximum efficiency, qualified staff are recruited. Vozco also operate a special programme to prepare workers and grant personnel certification and qualifications according to the appropriate skill level.
In addition, 62 employees of the company study in institutions of higher education on a full or part-time basis. In order to react flexibly to market demands and to maintain quality at international standards, a programme to conform with ISO was developed and successfully implemented. In , Vozco produced 1,, sq m of leather and 7,, sq m of semi-finished. In , the figures were 1,, sq m and 7,, respectively.
Currently, in order to sell their production, Ukrainian tanners use warehouses for finished leather which are situated near to the factories. Vozco say they are the only tannery in the Ukraine which has a wide network of warehouses in regional centres both in the Ukraine and abroad. This system means that the client is able to order one or two leathers or a full lot accordingly, and also to purchase auxiliary materials for shoemakers such as adhesives.
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Leather production processes
System for leather moving along to tanning manufacture, used in both case for the semi and finished product are constituted by a transport system equipped with special metal bar for leather and anchored on the ceiling of the productive structure. In tanneries where climatic conditions, both daily and seasonal, are highly variable these systems are often combined with drying tunnel to ensure seasoning of the product at the temperature and humidity under control. In case of large dimensions skins are processed the loading and unloading of the drums can be facilitated and simplified by systems of handling of the product. Consisting of conveyor belts or lifting systems these solutions allow the automation of the process and make the job safer for operators.
A05 - Handling and automation
The leather manufacturing process is divided into three sub-processes: preparatory stages, tanning and crusting. All true leathers will undergo these sub-processes. A further sub-process, surface coating may be added into the sequence. The list of operations that leathers undergo vary with the type of leather. The leather making process is in general restricted to batch processing, but if the surface coating sub-process is added then some continuous processing can be included. Many options for pretreatment of the skin exist. Not all of the options may be performed.
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In the tanning industry, the traceability of the hides is obtained only if, during the manufacturing stage, the batches whether we are dealing with raw or semi-finished products are managed homogeneously, i. Many important fashion brands require the traceability of all the chemical products used for the leather that was purchased. Basically for every piece of finished leather that is sold, the tannery must be able to trace which chemicals were used to tanner and finish it. The tannery must also be able to identify the product and production batch number of the supplier. This implies to manage the chemical products warehouse by batches. When chemicals are used in a barrel or are blended for the finishing stage, it is necessary that, in addition to the product and quantity, the batch or batches used are noted and identified on the recipes. At Xtannery, thanks to leather traceability — where chemical products and individual recipes are identified and linked to the leather used in the processing phase — it is possible, at any time, through either providing a sales document or by giving the code of a sold item, to trace back the processes that the product has undergone with the relative recipes used in which the chemical products and batch number are indicated. Easily manage Customer sales and relations with Parent companies and Brands.
Leather production processes
We believe that quality should never be a compromise. No matter what type of fabric you're looking for, we guarantee durability. We want you to enjoy our designs with confidence in the high standards we hold for our product. While shopping with us, we want you to be completely happy with the experience. If you have questions about us, our products, or even shipping, get in touch! We hope you continue to shop with us for many years to come. We started out buying surplus and obsolete automotive, furniture, marine and commercial textiles.
Background information: This type of warehouse has existed next to Gilze Rijen station, in North Brabant. It was built around and was demolished around This warehouse was used as a collection point for goods from Rijen and the surrounding area. The main task was about loading goods from the train on horse and carriage, later truck and vice versa.
We are a holding company which oversees and integrates the various market factors that play a part in the lamb and goat skin business. This is achieved through a network of companies which are specialists in the collection and processing of raw skins in Europe for commercialisation worldwide. Drawing on the most important tanning tradition in Europe, we have focused our activities on the raw material itself, selecting the very best sources.
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