OLVEA produces a wide range of vegetable oils and specialty ingredients coming from conventional , organic or fair-trade supply chains. Our oils are produced for the cosmetic, pharmaceutical or food industries. In order to maintain the highest standards regarding the quality, traceability and consistency of its raw materials, OLVEA has set up supply chains in Morocco , for Argan oil and in Burkina Faso , for Shea butter and Sesame oil. OLVEA is committed in promoting sustainable development , not only environmentally, but also by adding real social and economic values to the actors of our eco-responsible supply chains. While maintaining our family identity, we aim at developing our people and creating a safe environment for our people and the planet.
Dear readers! Our articles talk about typical ways to solve the issue of renting industrial premises, but each case is unique.
If you want to know how to solve your particular problem, please contact the online consultant form on the right or call the numbers on the website. It is fast and free!
Food ApplicationsVIDEO ON THE TOPIC: How It's Made Vegetable oil
Vegetable oils , or vegetable fats , are oils extracted from seeds, or less often, from other parts of fruits. Like animal fats , vegetable fats are mixtures of triglycerides. Olive oil , palm oil , and rice bran oil are examples of fats from other parts of fruits. In common usage, vegetable oil may refer exclusively to vegetable fats which are liquid at room temperature.
Oils extracted from plants have been used since ancient times and in many cultures. As an example, in a 4,year-old kitchen unearthed in Indiana's Charlestown State Park , archaeologist Bob McCullough of Indiana University-Purdue University Fort Wayne found evidence that large slabs of rock were used to crush hickory nuts and the oil was then extracted with boiling water.
In addition to use as food, fats and oils both vegetable and mineral have long been used as fuel, typically in lamps which were a principal source of illumination in ancient times. Oils may have been used for lubrication, but there is no evidence for this. Vegetable oils were probably more valuable as food and lamp-oil; Babylonian mineral oil was known to be used as fuel, but there are no references to lubrication.
Pliny the Elder reported that fats such as lard were used to lubricate the axles of carts. Many vegetable oils are consumed directly, or indirectly as ingredients in food — a role that they share with some animal fats , including butter , ghee , lard , and schmaltz.
The oils serve a number of purposes in this role:. Oils for this purpose must have a high flash point. Such oils include the major cooking oils — soybean , rapeseed , canola , sunflower , safflower , peanut , cottonseed , etc. Tropical oils, such as coconut , palm , and rice bran oils, are particularly valued in Asian cultures for high-temperature cooking, because of their unusually high flash points.
Unsaturated vegetable oils can be transformed through partial or complete " hydrogenation " into oils of higher melting point. The hydrogenation process involves " sparging " the oil at high temperature and pressure with hydrogen in the presence of a catalyst , typically a powdered nickel compound. As each carbon-carbon double-bond is chemically reduced to a single bond, two hydrogen atoms each form single bonds with the two carbon atoms.
The elimination of double bonds by adding hydrogen atoms is called saturation ; as the degree of saturation increases, the oil progresses toward being fully hydrogenated. An oil may be hydrogenated to increase resistance to rancidity oxidation or to change its physical characteristics.
As the degree of saturation increases, the oil's viscosity and melting point increase. The use of hydrogenated oils in foods has never been completely satisfactory. Because the center arm of the triglyceride is shielded somewhat by the end fatty acids, most of the hydrogenation occurs on the end fatty acids, thus making the resulting fat more brittle.
Partially hydrogenated oils and their trans fats have been linked to an increased risk of mortality from coronary heart disease ,  among other increased health risks.
In the US, the Standard of Identity for a product labeled as "vegetable oil margarine" specifies only canola, safflower, sunflower, corn, soybean, or peanut oil may be used. Many vegetable oils are used to make soaps, skin products, candles, perfumes and other personal care and cosmetic products. Some oils are particularly suitable as drying oils , and are used in making paints and other wood treatment products.
Dammar oil a mixture of linseed oil and dammar resin , for example, is used almost exclusively in treating the hulls of wooden boats. Vegetable oils are increasingly being used in the electrical industry as insulators as vegetable oils are not toxic to the environment, biodegradable if spilled and have high flash and fire points.
However, vegetable oils are less stable chemically, so they are generally used in systems where they are not exposed to oxygen , and they are more expensive than crude oil distillate. Synthetic tetraesters, which are similar to vegetable oils but with four fatty acid chains compared to the normal three found in a natural ester, are manufactured by Fischer esterification.
Tetraesters generally have high stability to oxidation and have found use as engine lubricants. One limiting factor in industrial uses of vegetable oils is that all such oils are susceptible to becoming rancid. Oils that are more stable, such as ben oil or mineral oil , are thus preferred for industrial uses. Castor oil has numerous industrial uses, owing to the presence of hydroxyl group on the fatty acid.
Castor oil is a precursor to Nylon Vegetable oil is used in the production of some pet foods. AAFCO  defines vegetable oil, in this context, as the product of vegetable origin obtained by extracting the oil from seeds or fruits which are processed for edible purposes.
Vegetable oils are also used to make biodiesel , which can be used like conventional diesel. Some vegetable oil blends are used in unmodified vehicles but straight vegetable oil , also known as pure plant oil, needs specially prepared vehicles which have a method of heating the oil to reduce its viscosity. The use of vegetable oils as alternative energy is growing and the availability of biodiesel around the world is increasing.
The production process of vegetable oil involves the removal of oil from plant components, typically seeds. This can be done via mechanical extraction using an oil mill or chemical extraction using a solvent. The extracted oil can then be purified and, if required, refined or chemically altered. Oils can be removed via mechanical extraction, termed "crushing" or "pressing.
Oilseed presses are commonly used in developing countries, among people for whom other extraction methods would be prohibitively expensive; the ghani is primarily used in India. The processing of vegetable oil in commercial applications is commonly done by chemical extraction, using solvent extracts, which produces higher yields and is quicker and less expensive.
The most common solvent is petroleum-derived hexane. This technique is used for most of the "newer" industrial oils such as soybean and corn oils. Supercritical carbon dioxide can be used as a non-toxic alternative to other solvents. Oils may be partially hydrogenated to produce various ingredient oils. Lightly hydrogenated oils have very similar physical characteristics to regular soy oil, but are more resistant to becoming rancid.
Hardening vegetable oil is done by raising a blend of vegetable oil and a catalyst in near-vacuum to very high temperatures, and introducing hydrogen. This causes the carbon atoms of the oil to break double-bonds with other carbons, each carbon forming a new single-bond with a hydrogen atom. Adding these hydrogen atoms to the oil makes it more solid, raises the smoke point , and makes the oil more stable. Hydrogenated vegetable oils differ in two major ways from other oils which are equally saturated.
During hydrogenation, it is easier for hydrogen to come into contact with the fatty acids on the end of the triglyceride, and less easy for them to come into contact with the center fatty acid. This makes the resulting fat more brittle than a tropical oil; soy margarines are less "spreadable". Hydrogenated oils, especially partially hydrogenated oils with their higher amounts of trans fatty acids, are increasingly thought to be unhealthy.
The water immediately is converted to steam, which bubbles through the oil, carrying with it any chemicals which are water-soluble. The steam sparging removes impurities that can impart unwanted flavors and odors to the oil. Deodorization is key to the manufacture of vegetable oils. Nearly all soybean, corn, and canola oils found on supermarket shelves go through a deodorization stage that removes trace amounts of odors and flavors, and lightens the color of the oil. People can breathe in vegetable oil mist in the workplace.
The U. Typical productivity of some oil crops, measured in tons t of oil produced per hectare ha of land per year yr. Oil palm is by far the highest yielding crop, capable of producing about 4 tons of palm oil per hectare per year. The following triglyceride vegetable oils account for almost all worldwide production, by volume. All are used as both cooking oils and as SVO or to make biodiesel. Note that these figures include industrial and animal feed use.
The majority of European rapeseed oil production is used to produce biodiesel, or used directly as fuel in diesel cars which may require modification to heat the oil to reduce its higher viscosity. The suitability of the fuel should come as little surprise, as Rudolf Diesel originally designed his engine to run on peanut oil.
Such oils have been part of human culture for millennia. Poppy seed, rapeseed, linseed, almond oil, sesame seed, safflower, and cottonseed were used since at least the bronze age throughout the Middle East and Central Asia.
Ginning mills were happy to have someone haul away the cotton seeds. The extracted oil was refined and partially hydrogenated to give a solid at room temperature and thus mimic natural lard, and can it under nitrogen gas. Soybeans were an exciting new crop from China in the s. Soy was protein-rich, and the medium viscosity oil was high in polyunsaturates. Henry Ford established a soybean research laboratory, developed soybean plastics and a soy-based synthetic wool, and built a car "almost entirely" out of soybeans.
In the mids, Canadian researchers developed a low-erucic-acid rapeseed cultivar. Because the word "rape" was not considered optimal for marketing, they coined the name "canola" from "Canada Oil low acid". Food and Drug Administration approved use of the canola name in January ,  and U. Canola oil is lower in saturated fats, and higher in monounsaturates. Canola is very thin unlike corn oil and flavorless unlike olive oil , so it largely succeeds by displacing soy oil, just as soy oil largely succeeded by displacing cottonseed oil.
A large quantity of used vegetable oil is produced and recycled, mainly from industrial deep fryers in potato processing plants, snack food factories and fast food restaurants. Recycled oil has numerous uses, including use as a direct fuel , as well as in the production of biodiesel , soap, animal feed , pet food, detergent, and cosmetics.
It is traded as the commodity, yellow grease. Since , an increasing number of European Union countries have prohibited the inclusion of recycled vegetable oil from catering in animal feed. Used cooking oils from food manufacturing, however, as well as fresh or unused cooking oil, continue to be used in animal feed. Due to their susceptibility to oxidation from the exposure to oxygen, heat and light, resulting in the formation of oxidation products, such as peroxides and hydroperoxides , plant oils rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids have a limited shelf-life.
In Canada, palm oil is one of five vegetable oils, along with palm kernel oil, coconut oil, peanut oil, and cocoa butter, which must be specifically named in the list of ingredients for a food product.
From December , all food products produced in the European Union were legally required to indicate the specific vegetable oil used in their manufacture, following the introduction of the Food Information to Consumers Regulation. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Vegetable oil disambiguation.
Olive oil. See also: Cooking oil. Main article: Vegetable oil fuel. For a more comprehensive list, see List of vegetable oils.
Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry.
Dramatic changes in what consumers want and what policy makers demand are affecting the entire food industry, and developments in the fats and oils category provide excellent examples of both. Consumers want nutritionally enhanced foods, and the U. Food and Drug Administration FDA has been focused for years on removing trans fats from the food supply, mandating in that food manufacturers remove partially hydrogenated oils PHOs , the primary source of trans fat in processed foods. As a result, ingredient producers developed a number of trans fat—free alternatives that provide suitable function and nutrition. The innovation goes beyond these replacements for PHOs though. Plant breeders and geneticists continue research on trait-modified crops like canola and soybean with low-to-no saturates and levels of fatty acids that make the resulting oils and shortening conducive to use in specific applications.
Vegetable oils , or vegetable fats , are oils extracted from seeds, or less often, from other parts of fruits. Like animal fats , vegetable fats are mixtures of triglycerides. Olive oil , palm oil , and rice bran oil are examples of fats from other parts of fruits. In common usage, vegetable oil may refer exclusively to vegetable fats which are liquid at room temperature. Oils extracted from plants have been used since ancient times and in many cultures. As an example, in a 4,year-old kitchen unearthed in Indiana's Charlestown State Park , archaeologist Bob McCullough of Indiana University-Purdue University Fort Wayne found evidence that large slabs of rock were used to crush hickory nuts and the oil was then extracted with boiling water. In addition to use as food, fats and oils both vegetable and mineral have long been used as fuel, typically in lamps which were a principal source of illumination in ancient times.
List of vegetable oils
Salad and cooking oils, salad dressings, mayonnaise, deep frying oils, margarines and spreads, chocolate fats, ice cream fats, bakery fats, confectionery filling and coating fats, vegetable fats for dairy products and fats for infant nutrition are some of the widely available products that are based entirely on fats and oils or contain fat or oil as a principal ingredient. Many of these products also are sold in commercial quantities to food processors, snack food manufacturers, bakeries and restaurants. Salad and cooking oils are prepared from vegetable oils that are refined, bleached, deodorized, and sometimes de-waxed or lightly hydrogenated and winterised. Salt, sugar, spices, seasoning, vinegar, lemon juice, and other ingredients complete these products.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: How It`s Made: Vegetable Oil
For the production of oilseed products, raw materials of Ukrainian and foreign producers are used, which undergoes thorough laboratory testing. In the production process, the product passes through three levels of quality control incoming material control, production control and finished products control , which is carried out by a laboratory located directly in production and has the appropriate state certification. To provide our customers with the highest quality products, we built a new high-tech and environmentally friendly plant for the production of fatty acids in the city of Pereyaslav-Khmelnitsky in the Kiev region. We also maintain close cooperation with oil-fat and oil refineries throughout Ukraine. Fatty acid Sunflower refined sunflower oil Unrefined sunflower-seed oil Soybean oil Sunflower meal, soybean Sunflower meal. Skip to content Production of vegetable oil and fatty acids Production Fatty acids Sunflower refined oil Unrefined sunflower oil Unrefined soybean oil Sunflower cake Soybean cake Sunflower meal Partnerships Contacts. Search for:.
What Is Hydrogenated Vegetable Oil?
Our emulsifiers perform many essential functions in your food products, such as stabilising emulsions, securing the right mouthfeel and product appearance, overcoming raw material variations and extending shelf life. Responsible sourcing The growing population, rising affluence and urbanization lead to increasing global food demand while diets transition towards higher consumption of meat, fruits and vegetables. This evolution adds pressure on natural resources while consumers are becoming more conscious about making responsible food choices. Our emulsifiers are mainly sourced from vegetable oils, such as palm, soybean, rapeseed, sunflower, castor and coconut oil.
Flora Elvistia Firdaus. Create citation alert. Buy this article in print. Journal RSS feed. Sign up for new issue notifications. Manufacturing of polymers and plastics derived from petroleum feedstocks are called synthetic products. The existing of synthetics throughout the plastic series of process is detrimental to the environment. Polyurethane is classified as a family of plastics. Vegetable oil is the potential of producing polyurethane in the presence of unsaturated chain in triglyceride, is being considered intermediates of polymers product. An effort of replacing petroleum with green resources is urgently required of its cheap price, and abundantly available. The vegetable now is not just a cooking oil but turned into various polymeric products.
Forward-Looking Fats and Oils
The continuing importance in Europe of innovation in ingredients and ingredient sources and the demand for natural ingredients lead to opportunities for indigenous Southern African vegetable oils. These are speciality oils used for their emollient and conditioning properties, as well as for their marketing value. These vegetable oils also benefit from the success of cosmetic producers from Southern Africa and some European front runners, which base their marketing stories on indigenous ingredients. See table 1 for an overview of the oils included in this study. Kalahari melon seed oil. Originates from western Kalahari region of Namibia and Botswana, planted throughout much of sub-Saharan Africa. Marula seed oil.
BUTTER AND DAIRY SPREADS
He is a foremost authority on the integration of all aspects of modern food technology with Kosher requirements, including those relating to such cutting-edge issues as biotechnology and enzymology. Kosher Food Production. Zushe Yosef Blech. The second edition of Kosher Food Production explores the intricate relationship between modern food production and related Kosher application. Following an introduction to basic Kosher laws, theory and practice, Rabbi Blech details the essential food production procedures required of modern food plants to meet Kosher certification standards. Chapters on Kosher application include ingredient management; rabbinic etiquette; Kosher for Passover; and the industries of fruits and vegetables, baking, biotechnology, dairy, fish, flavor, meat and poultry, oils, fats, and emulsifiers, and food service. New to this edition are chapters covering Kosher application in the candy and confections industries and the snack foods industry.
From this short description it may be concluded that in Brazil there already exist good factories for the extraction of cottonseed oil by the American process, good refineries and factories for vegetable butter and similar products, and that it would be in the interests of American capitalists to study the possibilities of this industry in Brazil. In Brazil exported oleaginous seeds to the value of 71, contos, and contos' worth of vegetable oils.
Fabio PRODUKT | Production of vegetable oils
This article examines hydrogenated vegetable oil, explaining its uses, downsides, and food sources. Hydrogenated vegetable oil is made from edible oils extracted from plants, such as olives, sunflowers, and soybeans. Because these oils are typically liquid at room temperature, many companies use hydrogenation to get a more solid and spreadable consistency. During this process, hydrogen molecules are added to alter the texture, stability, and shelf life of the final product 1.
Vegetable oil production in Brazil
About 80 percent is used in processed foods, from ice cream to peanut butter to margarine; the rest goes into items like personal care and cleaning products or is used as biofuel. This ubiquitous product has consistently been linked to the cutting and clearing of tropical forests , inspiring many organizations and individuals to call for a palm oil boycott.
These guidelines are intended to provide a broad framework permitting the development of more specific group or individual standards, according to the requirements of individual countries. Fat spread: A fat spread is a food in the form of an emulsion mainly of the water-in-oil type , comprising principally an aqueous phase and edible fats and oils. Edible fats and oils: Foodstuffs mainly composed of triglycerides of fatty acids.