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When to choose a Woven Fabric over a Knit FabricVIDEO ON THE TOPIC: How to textile Knitting fabric section 2018 - Knitting Fabrics Production Process from Yarn Fabric
Polyester fleece is a soft, fuzzy fabric used for sweaters, sweat shirts, jackets, mittens, hats, blankets, and in any other applications where a warm, wool-like material is needed. It is a two-sided pile material, meaning that both the front and back surface of the fabric sprouts a layer of cut fibers, similar to corduroy or velvet. Polyester fleece is an extremely durable fabric that not only holds in warmth but resists moisture and dries quickly.
Unlike many other synthetic woolly textiles, polyester fleece does not pill-bunch up into little balls-after extended use. It became popular for out-door gear in the early s, because back-packers and hikers found it lighter weight and warmer than wool. It is increasingly popular as a fashion fabric, and has found a host of more specialized uses. Polyester fleece has been used to make underwear for astronauts, in deep-sea diving suits, and as ear-warmers for winter-born calves.
Synthetic fibers date back to the nineteenth century, when scientists in England and Germany developed methods of extruding the liquid state of certain chemicals through fine holes, to get thread-like strings. Fiber-glass was made this way, and various other chemical fibers that were ultimately not useful as textiles. A Frenchman, Count Hilaire de Chardonnet, invented an artificial silk in the s, using wood cellulose treated with nitric acid and extruded through a nozzle.
Chardonnet silk was the first commercially viable synthetic fabric. In the s, chemists at the Du Pont Laboratories in the United States developed nylon, an artificial fiber made of giant string-shaped molecules. British scientists extended the DuPont research in the s, and came up with another polymer made of string-shaped molecules called polyester. Polyester is made by reacting terephthalic acid, a petroleum derivative, with ethylene glycol, another petroleum derivative commonly known as antifreeze.
When the two chemicals are combined at a very high temperature, they form a new chemical known as a polymer. Polyester is one of many chemical compounds known as polymers. As the polymer cools, it becomes thick syrup. This syrup is forced through tiny holes in a metal disk called a spinneret. On contact with air, the streams of liquid polymer dry and harden. The crystalline structure of the polymer is a chain of interlocking molecules forming essentially giant strings.
In England, this polymer was called terylene. Du Pont secured exclusive U. The chemical name for the polymer, which forms polyester, is polyethylene terephthalate, or PET. If PET is not extruded into fibers, it can be formed into the plastic commonly used for soda bottles.
Interest in recycling plastics in the s led to the development of polyester fiber made from used soda bottles. Many polyester fleece garments on the market today are made from a combination of recycled and virgin polyester. Textile researchers at Malden Mills, a large manufacturer in Lawrence, Massachusetts, developed polyester fleece. Malden Mills had been the leading producer of fake fur fabric in the s, but faced bankruptcy as that market softened by the end of the decade.
In the s, Malden's research and development department experimented with a furlike fabric made from polyester, and this with the advent of polyester fleece. Maiden began producing polyester fleece under its trade-mark names PolarTec and Polar Fleece. Maiden's brands comprise most of the polyester fleece on the market today. Polyester fleece is extremely warm because of its structure.
The pile surface provides space for air pockets between the threads, and this goes for both sides of the fabric. Because it is moisture-resistant, it can keep wearers warm even under extreme weather conditions. In the United States, the fabric was first made popular by Patagonia, a leading manufacturer of outdoor clothing and equipment.
The firm marketed polyester fleece jackets to mountain climbers, and ardent customers tested the new material up and down many peaks. Other out-door clothing manufacturers followed with their own polyester fleece garment lines.
Gradually the fabric crossed over from its niche as a high-tech, high-performance textile into general use. The raw material for polyester fleece is polyester, which is made from two petroleum products: terephthalic acid and ethylene glycol.
Some or all of the polyester yarn may be recycled from soda bottles. Various dyes also make up raw materials, as well as finishing substances such as Teflon or other waterproofing chemicals. An advertisement for Lewis union suits issued by the Lewis Knitting Company during the late s.
Until the late s, women wore chemises, or one-piece shifts, against their skin. Often made of linen, these shifts were not always effective in removing the perspiration that formed against the many layers of clothing worn at the time.
By the s, however, there was some concern that women who wore these chemises were continuously damp, thus, in cold weather, these chemise-wearers might catch a chill more easily as they might be soaked with sweat.
Prominent women's rights advocates such as Elizabeth Cady Stanton, urged women to wear "union suits. They favored the union suit because the knitted suits would absorb moisture away from the skin preventing chills. Particularly favored were wool union suits—even in hot weather—because wool perhaps best draws the moisture from the body. However, short legged and short-sleeved cotton or linen suits were available for summer wear if need be, and those who could afford it might purchase silk union suits.
The bales of bottles are emptied onto a moving belt. Workers first sort the bottles by color, separating green ones from clear ones. Then workers visually inspect each piece, and remove anything, such as non-PET caps or bases, or any foreign objects, so that the final result is strictly PET bottles. The sorted plastic then moves into a sterilizing bath. The clean containers are dried and crushed into tiny chips. The chips are washed again, and the light-colored batch is bleached.
Chips from green bottles stay green, and become yarn that will be dyed a dark color. When the chips are thoroughly dry, they are emptied into a vat and heated, then forced through spinnerets, the same as for virgin polyester. The finishing steps-drawing, crimping, cutting, baling-are the same as in the process for virgin polyester.
Making polyester fleece from recycled PET bottles is a significant means to reducing the amount of plastic that is otherwise buried in landfills. Patagonia, the leading manufacturer of recycled polyester fleece garments, estimates that 25 soda bottles go into each jacket made from the fabric. Recycling PET into polyester is also alleged to be less damaging to the environment even than growing organic cotton, because cotton leaches nutrients from soil and requires so much open space to grow.
The energy used to make polyester from recycled PET bottles is also significantly less than that needed to heat the chemicals for virgin polyester. Polyester fleece is a remarkably comfortable and adaptable fabric, and will doubtless find many new uses. The future of recycled PET polyester seems to lie in making the recycling process more economically efficient, and in making finer-diameter yarns.
Used beverage bottles are very lightweight, and therefore they are expensive to transport, as it takes a large volume of them to make up a ton. Yarn manufacturers must find used bottle sources near the spinning factory in order to make recycling economically viable. The coarser yarns, which are now used primarily for carpets and in tires, are easier to make, but also sell for less than the finer, garment-quality yarns.
Manufacturers will continue to refine the recycling process to gain cost advantages. Other developments focus on different recycling processes that do not rely on clean soda bottles.
Yarn manufacturers who recycle from PET bottles buy baled bottles from distributors. However, many municipal recycling programs do not separate PET bottles from other recyclables, and this mixed product is more difficult to handle. Several European manufacturers are developing new technology that efficiently removes excess dye, metals, and non-PET plastics from recycled PET.
This means that less meticulous hand sorting is needed before the bottles are recycled. Hamilton, Martha M. Lee, Melissa. Rotenier, Nancy. Sanford, Tobey. Schut, Jan H. Toggle navigation. Bales of bottles are emptied onto a moving belt. Then workers visually inspect each piece so that the final result is strictly PET bottles.
The chips are emptied into a vat and heated, then forced through spinnerets. The strands flow out of the machine and are coiled into barrels or open containers. The spinning machine twists the strand into a much finer diameter, and collects the finished yarn onto huge spools. Other articles you might like:. Follow City-Data. Tweets by LechMazur. User Contributions: 1. Comment about this article, ask questions, or add new information about this topic: Name:.
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Polyester fleece is a soft, fuzzy fabric used for sweaters, sweat shirts, jackets, mittens, hats, blankets, and in any other applications where a warm, wool-like material is needed. It is a two-sided pile material, meaning that both the front and back surface of the fabric sprouts a layer of cut fibers, similar to corduroy or velvet. Polyester fleece is an extremely durable fabric that not only holds in warmth but resists moisture and dries quickly. Unlike many other synthetic woolly textiles, polyester fleece does not pill-bunch up into little balls-after extended use. It became popular for out-door gear in the early s, because back-packers and hikers found it lighter weight and warmer than wool. It is increasingly popular as a fashion fabric, and has found a host of more specialized uses.
Newtex Knit Fashion Ltd
Ludhiana, Punjab. Gautam Budh Nagar, Uttar Pradesh. Thapar Nagar, Ludhiana Plot No. Gurgaon, Haryana. Mumbai, Maharashtra.
Made in the USA: Knit Fabric Mills
For the same reason that you love your favorite tee shirt, we love cotton knits for babies and kids. Garments made from knitted fabrics are comfortable and have the right amount of stretch to allow for freedom of movement while knitted fabrics made from cotton are soft, warm and breathable; the perfect combination of characteristics for sleep and lounge wear in our opinion. Soft with plenty of stretch across the width. Our most popular summer weight fabric by itself. Also a great innermost layer in the winter time. A dense yet light weight fabric that is soft and cuddly.
Newtex Knit Fashion Ltd. The company has the latest models of circular knitting machines from world class manufacturers, with added technical features. Zhejiang Newtex Embroidery Company a broad range of textile products for numerous industries We strive to meet your everyday textile needs. Local Business. Oswal Hosiery Rolex Hosiery Pvt. Jiaxing EK Fashion Co. BPKW's vision is to become leading sustainable Knitting Company in Bangladesh by producing quality products and observing highest social, economic and environmental standards. Total Solution for Knit garments. Pam Powers designs knitting patterns for slow fashion adventure-seekers with a socially responsible heart.
Textiles are defined by the yarns and threads that create them. Historically speaking, textiles have been used for the last , years, all the way back to the stone age. The earliest instances of cotton, silk, and linen being used, dates to B. When choosing textiles, one of the main questions to ask yourself is whether you need a woven or a knitted fabric.
Loopback unbrushed fabric Fleece brushed fabric Rib to match. Once an order is placed you can relax, safe in the knowledge that the Cotton Textiles Company team is working hard for you. Customer service is our priority. This ensures we import consistently high quality. To support our order book, we always maintain our own yarn stock to ensure no hitches in fulfilling customer orders. Our manufacturing capabilities also allow us to meet large, urgent or special requirement orders on time. Manufacturer and supplier premium quality knitted fabrics, and manufacturer and supplier of readymade garments to Egyptian market and the Gulf countries Wholesale only. Fashion and season fabrics are supplied including: single jersey, rib knit, terry, fleece, light weight fleece, interlock, plush and many more Major Manufacturer : The company produces a wide range of quality knitted fabrics including single jersey, rib knit, terry, fleece, light weight fleece, interlock, plush and more in the Egyptian market. We currently operate over 30 knitting machines with a fabric production capacity of over 25 tones per week. Cotton Textiles Company are proud to introduce a dedicated new fleece production plant incorporating knitting with a capacity of 5 tons per week we are able to supply: Loopback unbrushed fabric Fleece brushed fabric Rib to match.
Knitted fabric is a textile that results from knitting. Its properties are distinct from woven fabric in that it is more flexible and can be more readily constructed into smaller pieces, making it ideal for socks and hats. There are two basic varieties of knit fabric: weft-knit and warp-knit fabric. Weft-knit fabrics are easier to make and more common. When cut, they will unravel run unless repaired. Warp-knit fabrics are resistant to runs and relatively easy to sew. In weaving, threads are always straight, running parallel either lengthwise warp threads or crosswise weft threads. By contrast, the yarn in knitted fabrics follows a meandering path a course , forming symmetric loops also called bights symmetrically above and below the mean path of the yarn. These meandering loops can be easily stretched in different directions giving knit fabrics much more elasticity than woven fabrics. For this reason, knitting is believed to have been developed for garments that must be elastic or stretch in response to the wearer's motions, such as socks and hosiery.
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