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Product fabrication harsh linen fabrics

Product fabrication harsh linen fabrics

Designed and organized to give students the specific information they require, this is an essential reference for anyone studying architectural interiors. New topics include accessible design basics, computing technologies, fire-resistive construction, fire protection systems, security and communications systems, interior equipment, evidence-based design, and climate considerations. In addition, this second Student Edition offers more material on residential design, is packed with more than 1, informative illustrations, and includes the latest coverage for students to find real help understanding the critical material they need for the core classes required by all curriculums. Expert advice and details for designing interior project types including commercial, residential, healthcare, retail, hospitality, educational, performance, and museum spaces, as well as existing building interiors. Like Interior Graphic Standards Professional Edition , this student edition's Second Edition provides essential specification and detailing information for working inside the structural shell, covering interior partitions and floor systems, updated lighting practices, furnishings, equipment, and wall, floor, and ceiling finishes. Account Options Sign in.

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Material Guide: How Sustainable is Linen?

VIDEO ON THE TOPIC: How was it made? Linen

Bamboo textile is cloth, yarn, or clothing made from bamboo fibres. While historically used only for structural elements, such as bustles and the ribs of corsets , in recent years, different technologies have been developed that allow bamboo fibre to be used for a wide range of textile and fashion applications.

Bamboo yarn can also be blended with other textile fibres such as hemp or spandex. Bamboo is an alternative to plastic that is renewable and can be replenished at a fast rate. Modern clothing labeled as being made from bamboo is usually viscose rayon , a fiber made by dissolving the cellulose in the bamboo, and then extruding it to form fibres. This process destroys the natural characteristics of bamboo fibre.

Furthermore, rayon from all cellulose sources is identical. Bamboo fibres are all cellulose fibre extracted or fabricated from natural bamboo , but they vary widely. Textiles labelled as being made from bamboo are usually not made by mechanical crushing and retting. They are generally synthetic rayon made from cellulose extracted from bamboo.

Bamboo is used whole and in strips; these strips may be considered stiff fibers. Bamboo can be cut into thin strips and used for basketry. In China and Japan , thin strips of bamboo were woven together into hats and shoes.

One particular design of bamboo hats was associated with rural life, worn mostly by farmers and fishermen for protection from the sun. In the West, bamboo, alongside other components such as whalebone and steel wire, was sometimes used as a structural component in corsets, bustles and other types of structural elements of fashionable women's dresses.

Rayon is a semi-synthetic fiber made by chemically reshaping cellulose. Cellulose extracted from bamboo is suitable for processing into viscose rayon rayon is also made from cellulose from other sources.

Bamboo leaves and the soft, inner pith from the hard bamboo trunk are extracted using a steaming process and then mechanically crushed to extract the cellulose. After time, temperature, and various inorganic and organic additives including the amount of air contact determining the final degree of polymerization, the xanthate is acidified to regenerate the cellulose and release dithiocarbonic acid that later decomposes back to carbon disulfide and water.

Viscose manufactured from bamboo is promoted as having environmental advantages over viscose made with cellulose extracted from wood pulp. Bamboo crops may be grown on marginal land unsuitable for forestry; demand for bamboo has sometimes led to clearing forests to plant bamboo. But this is less common since Chinese forestry policy reforms in the s. But bamboo cellulose is suitable for a closed-loop viscose process that captures all solvents used. Workers are seriously harmed by inhaling the carbon disulfide CS 2 used to make bamboo viscose.

Effects include psychosis , heart attacks , liver damage, and blindness. Rayon factories rarely give information on their occupational exposure limits and compliance.

Even in developed countries, safety laws are too lax to prevent harm. There are health threats from rayon manufacture. Bamboo rayon manufacture, like other rayon manufacture, exposes rayon workers to volatile carbon disulfide. Inhaling it causes serious health problems. Around 75 percent of all polluting emissions from the bamboo viscose process occur as air emissions. While it is possible to protect workers from the CS 2 , some legal limits for occupational exposure are still far higher than recommended by medical researchers.

Rayon factories vary widely in the amount of CS 2 they expose their workers to, and in the information they give about their safety limits or their compliance.

In the U. Environmental Protection Agency EPA noted that the manufacturing process further purifies the cellulose, alters the physical form of the fibre, and modifies the molecular orientation within the fibre and its degree of polymerization. The end product is still cellulose, [13] and is functionally identical to rayon made from cellulose from other wood sources.

Bamboo can be cultivated quickly, [14] can be used as a cash crop in impoverished regions of the developing world. It is a natural fibre as opposed to popular synthetics like polyester whose cultivation results in a decrease in greenhouse gases.

Even though bamboo fabrics are often advertised as antibacterial, finished bamboo fabric only retains some of bamboo's original antibacterial properties. Some studies have shown rayon-bamboo to possess a certain degree of anti-bacterial properties. Studies in China and India have investigated the antibacterial nature of bamboo-rayon fabric against even harsh levels of bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli.

While the Indian study found that "bamboo rayon showed excellent and durable antibacterial activities against both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria", the Chinese study concluded "the bamboo pulp fabric just like cotton fabric has not possessed antimicrobial property". The FTC has charged companies with false antimicrobial claims when the fibre has been made with rayon.

Some bamboo fibre is made by a mechanical-bacterial process similar to retting flax into linen fibre. This bast fibre is then spun into yarn. The same manufacturing process is used to produce linen fabric from flax or hemp. Bamboo fabric made from this process is sometimes called bamboo linen.

The natural processing of litrax bamboo allows the fibre to remain strong and produce an extremely high quality product. This process gives a material that is very durable. Another means of extracting fibre from bamboo, and probably the only purely mechanical process of extraction anywhere in the world, is practiced in the days preceding the annual festival of the Kottiyur Temple of Kerala , India.

The handcrafted bamboo artifact, known locally as "odapoovu" is in the form of a tuft of white fibres of up to a foot in length. The article is made out of newly emerging bamboo culms of the reed bamboo endemic to the region Ochlandra travancorica , which go through a process of alternating pounding with stones and retting in water lasting several days, followed by a combing to remove the pith, leaving the cream white fibres and a stub of the bamboo.

The fibre is too coarse and the process very cumbersome, to be of much use in making fine yarn, thread or textiles. Mechanically-produced bamboo fiber and bamboo rayon have markedly different properties.

They look different under a scanning electron microscope the mechanically-produced fiber has nodes. There are various approaches to the use of bamboo in composites and as an additive in biopolymers for construction. In this case, as opposed to bamboo fabrics for clothing, bamboo fibres are extracted through mechanical needling and scraping or through a steam explosion process where bamboo is injected with steam and placed under pressure and then exposed to the atmosphere where small explosions within the bamboo due to steam release allows for the collection of fibre.

Bamboo fibre can be in a pulped form in which the material is extremely fine and in a powdered state. Bamboo has many advantages over cotton as a raw material for textiles. One Japanese species has been recorded as growing over 1 metre 3. The bamboo species used for clothing is called Moso bamboo. It is the main species for bamboo timber and plays an important ecological role. Once a new shoot emerges from the ground, the new cane will reach its full height in just eight to ten weeks.

Each cane reaches maturity in three to five years. It is a grass and so regenerates after being cut just like a lawn without the need for replanting. This regular harvesting actually benefits the health of the plant—studies have shown that felling of canes leads to vigorous re-growth and an increase in the amount of biomass the next year. Bamboo can be used as food, fibre and shelter and due to its ease of growth and extraordinary growth rate it is a cheap, sustainable and efficient crop.

Bamboo grows very densely, its clumping nature enables a lot of it to be grown in a comparatively small area, easing pressure on land use.

With average yields for bamboo of up to 60 tonnes 66 short tons per hectare [27] greatly exceeding the average yield of 20 tonnes 22 short tons for most trees and the average yield of 2 tonnes 2.

Growing forests absorb carbon dioxide CO 2 but deforestation results in fewer trees to soak up rising levels of CO 2. Bamboo minimises CO 2 and generates up to 35 percent more oxygen than equivalent stands of trees. Bamboo planting can slow deforestation, providing an alternative source of timber for the construction industry and cellulose fibre for the textile industry. Tree plantations have to be chopped down and terminated at harvest but bamboo keeps on growing.

Very little bamboo is irrigated and there is evidence that the water-use efficiency of bamboo is twice that of trees. Yearly replanting of crops such as cotton leads to soil erosion. The extensive root system of bamboo and the fact that it is not uprooted during harvesting means bamboo actually helps preserve soil and prevent soil erosion. The bamboo plant's root system creates an effective watershed, stitching the soil together along fragile river banks, deforested areas and in places prone to mudslides.

It also greatly reduces rain run-off. Just like other cellulose-based clothing materials, bamboo fibre is biodegradable in soil by micro organisms and sunlight. There is no need for pesticides or fertilizers when growing bamboo, but herbicide and fertilizer applications are common in some places to encourage edible shoot growth.

Bamboo also contains a substance called bamboo-kun—an antimicrobial agent that gives the plant a natural resistance to pest and fungi infestation, though some pathogen problems exist in some bamboo plantations. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. The neutrality of this section is disputed. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page.

Please do not remove this message until conditions to do so are met. January Learn how and when to remove this template message. Industrial Studies and Exercises. World Book Company. Scientific American. Bibcode : Sci Fiber Element. Retrieved 18 December Retrieved Archived from the original on Qin, Y. Chen, P.

Hemp provides all the warmth and softness of a natural textile, but with a superior durability seldom found in other materials. Hemp is extremely versatile and can be used for countless products such as apparel, accessories, shoes, furniture, and home furnishings.

Bamboo textile is cloth, yarn, or clothing made from bamboo fibres. While historically used only for structural elements, such as bustles and the ribs of corsets , in recent years, different technologies have been developed that allow bamboo fibre to be used for a wide range of textile and fashion applications. Bamboo yarn can also be blended with other textile fibres such as hemp or spandex. Bamboo is an alternative to plastic that is renewable and can be replenished at a fast rate. Modern clothing labeled as being made from bamboo is usually viscose rayon , a fiber made by dissolving the cellulose in the bamboo, and then extruding it to form fibres.

Industrial Fabrics Suppliers serving Indiana

Do you know that hemp has a longer, stronger fiber than most plant fibers on the planet. There are hundreds if not thousands of years worth of evidence to demonstrate the validity of hemp textiles to be strong, durable , long-lasting , anti-microbial , anti-bacterial , resistance to mold and fungus and also have been shown to protect from UV rays. We provide quality hemp fabric and several blends of hemp and sustainable textiles. Many of these fabrics are used by designers such as Ralph Lauren, Versace, Volkswagen VW motor company and many others. Because of our relationships with the farmers in China we are able to offer wholesale pricing while maintaining quality goods, as China has been growing and manufacturing hemp for over 5, years. As a fabric, hemp provides all the warmth and softness of a natural textile but with a superior durability seldom found in other materials. Hemp is extremely versatile and can be used for countless products such as apparel, accessories, shoes, furniture, and home furnishings.

Eco-Friendly Bedding: Here’s What You Should Know

Linen yarn is spun from the long fibers found just behind the bark in the multi-layer stem of the flax plant Linum usitatissimum. In order to retrieve the fibers from the plant, the woody stem and the inner pith called pectin , which holds the fibers together in a clump, must be rotted away. The cellulose fiber from the stem is spinnable and is used in the production of linen thread, cordage, and twine. From linen thread or yarn, fine toweling and dress fabrics may be woven. Linen fabric is a popular choice for warm-weather clothing. It feels cool in the summer but appears crisp and fresh even in hot weather.

Trademark information has been thoroughly updated to reflect the U.

Fabric comes in all shapes, sizes, weights, and constructions. It can be natural, synthetic, or manufactured. Some fabrics have more stigma than others. In this blog post, we will be asking the question; what is viscose? A textile, which might be a little misunderstood. Perhaps you have heard of viscose, or maybe you know it better as Rayon. This is the term for viscose in the United States. But what actually is it? Viscose is a type of rayon. What this means in English?

Hemp Fabrics

Provide Feedback. Custom specifications are available. Custom mechanical laced, endless, cleated, perforated, guided belt fabrication with field installation services available.

Utopia Goods textiles are artisan furnishing fabrics, beginning life as original illustrations by artist Bruce Slorach. From initial sketch to screenprint, every facet of the process is executed by hand. All prints are hand-illustrated and screened on pure linen.

Register Now. Generally, a set number of yarns are used for the formation of fabrics. Also, a number of techniques are used for producing fabrics such as weaving, knitting, and felting. The type of fabrics varies by the fibres, the fabric formation techniques, machinery used for producing them, and finishing techniques. Fabrics can also be made differently based on the end-usage. Each fabric carries a unique name in order for it to be identified among others based on their textures, designs, weaving patterns, aesthetic values, fiber source, the place where the fabrics are originated, etc. Woven Fabric A trade name for a cloth patented in Britain in , which was first manufactured in The cloth traps air in between its structure, keeping the body cool in summer, and warm in winter. Two threads or ends act as one thread; when a weft thread passes between them, the doup ends twist catching the weft and holding it tightly in place. Very fancy and beautiful clothes can be produced by combining the cross weaving with other weave structures.

FABRICATION AND PRODUCTION. Utopia Goods textiles are artisan furnishing fabrics, beginning life as original illustrations by artist Bruce Slorach. We produce two weights of cloth, both a heavyweight upholstery linen (approx gsm) and a lightweight Please do not use any harsh detergents or bleach products.

Textile finishing processes

Industrial hemp contains only a tiny amount of the psychoactive component of cannabis. In fact, industrial hemp is the fashion equivalent of the boring sibling who wants to stay home every weekend and knit socks for fun. So basically, hemp is my ideal friend! But can hemp redeem its image? Many think that it can. And the environmental benefits of hemp cultivation, combined with its durable characteristics as a fabric, have many hoping that it can feature in clothing that both feels and looks great, by even the highest of standards pun intended.

Fabric and Care Information

No eBook available Wiley. Best of all, it's an inspiration to read, allowing each of us to see our way to becoming a part of the design solution needed for a sustainable future. If you are a designer, you need this book! Designers may be surprised by the variety of projects shown that are great examples of residential sustainable interiors. Issues of sustainability and environmental consciousness have been increasingly important to designers of residential interiors. A leading firm that has built its expertise in addressing environmental concerns in residential interiors, Associates III presents solutions for the design practitioner in this book. Covering topics such as indoor air quality, identifying low-impact materials, conserving energy and water, and support of construction teams in reducing waste, Sustainable Residential Interiors provides designers with the necessary information and tools to integrate environmentally responsible design into their practice. Sustainable Residential Interiors takes readers through an integrated design process, showing how sustainable principles and practices can be applied on virtually every level of interior design.

What Is Viscose? 6 Facts About This Misunderstood Fabric

The term finishing includes all the mechanical and chemical processes employed commercially to improve the acceptability of the product, except those procedures directly concerned with colouring. The objective of the various finishing processes is to make fabric from the loom or knitting frame more acceptable to the consumer. Finishing processes include preparatory treatments used before additional treatment, such as bleaching prior to dyeing; treatments, such as glazing, to enhance appearance; sizing, affecting touch; and treatments adding properties to enhance performance, such as preshrinking. Newly formed cloth is generally dirty, harsh, and unattractive, requiring considerable skill for conversion into a desirable product.

Material Guide: How Sustainable is Hemp?

Rest assured, we have some interesting news for linenlovers. It is strong, naturally moth resistant, and made from flax plant fibres, so when untreated i.

Eco-friendly bedding is made with fabrics that boast benefits like moisture wicking and antibacterial properties and are, generally, easy to recycle. These pollutants can end up in our drinking water and soil, eventually infiltrating our bodies. When considering the pollution that comes with nylons and polyesters, it seems like a worthwhile switch to make, but where to begin?

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