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How to classify plastics if you are importing into or exporting out of the EU. This guide will help you to classify plastics. If it does not cover your specific item in detail you can search for it in the Trade Tariff Tool. You will still need to look up the full commodity code to use on your declaration using the Trade Tariff Tool.
You can find out more about:. This guide will help you to classify polymers and articles formed from such polymers known as plastics. If, however, the item is mentioned elsewhere in the Tariff, such as a toy made from plastic, it should be classified under the appropriate heading. Correctly classifying plastics and processed or finished plastic products is easier if you have an understanding of the basic chemistry of plastics and how the products are manufactured.
This guide covers classifying plastics according to their polymer type and some specific plastic goods only covered in chapter 39, including:. This guide provides an outline of the basic chemistry related to polymers, a simple summary of manufacturing processes and practical tips on classifying specific finished or processed goods.
Remember that if the defining characteristic of the good is its manufacture from plastic, such as a plastic bottle or a plastic hose, it will be classified in chapter 39 of the Tariff.
Polymers are large molecules made from monomers, and their constituent parts are called monomeric units. A monomer is a molecule or compound, usually containing carbon, which is capable of conversion to polymers, synthetic resins or elastomers by combination with itself or other similar molecules or compounds. For example, polyvinyl chloride PVC is commonly used in the building industry for use in double glazing frames.
Polypropylene and polyethylene terephthalate PET are commonly used in the manufacture of bottles. To correctly classify your polymers in primary forms, you need to identify the predominant monomer:.
Copolymers are produced by the simultaneous polymerisation of 2 or more dissimilar monomers. They contain more than one type or repeat of monomeric unit.
For example, the copolymer ethylene-vinyl acetate is created by polymerising ethylene and vinyl acetate. If no comonomer predominates, you should classify the goods in the heading code which is last in numerical order that is relevant to each of the comonomers.
Chemically modified polymers, where only appendages to the main polymer chain have been changed by chemical reaction, are classified under the heading code for the unmodified polymer. The function or role of the goods is essential to classifying them correctly. The composition and method of manufacture may also be required to classify the goods correctly, although this is not always the case. When classifying tubes, pipes and hoses heading code , you should bear in mind that the definition covers all hollow products, whether semi-manufactured or finished, that are of a kind generally used for moving gases or liquids, such as ribbed garden hoses, perforated tubes or lay-flat tubing.
However, if the goods have an internal cross-section that is not round, oval, rectangular in which the length does not exceed 1. To classify wall or ceiling coverings made of plastic heading code , they must be in rolls, of a width not less than 45 centimetres, suitable for wall or ceiling decoration, consisting of plastics fixed permanently on a backing of any material other than paper, the layer of plastics on the face side being grained, embossed, coloured, design-printed or otherwise decorated.
This is to differentiate them from some wallpapers. In some cases, textiles may be added to plastic products to provide reinforcement. If the plastic is cellular and has been covered on one face only with the textile fabric, you should classify it under the appropriate heading code in chapter If the plastic is covered on both faces, the goods should be classified as a textile, using the appropriate heading code in chapter Goods are only classified under their constituent materials when they are not specifically referred to elsewhere in the Tariff.
There is a multitude of goods made from plastics that are specifically covered elsewhere in the Tariff, for example:. As a general rule of thumb, if the defining characteristic is that a product is made of plastic, you will find it in chapter For example, a plastic bottle or floorcovering is classified under this chapter. However, spectacle frames which happen to be made of plastic are classified elsewhere, as the fact they are spectacle frames is the defining factor, not their construction from plastic.
Statuettes and other ornamental articles for the home and garden consisting of rock powder for example calcium carbonate , plastic, and sometimes a small amount of other additives are classified within chapter 39 when the plastic gives the articles their essential character.
The rock powder in this case acts as the filler material with the plastic supplying the defining characteristic for the product. Where goods are presented as sets that comprise 2 or more separate articles that may fall under different classification codes, they should be classified under the code that represents the primary function of the set.
Accept all cookies. Set cookie preferences. Home Business tax Import, export and customs for businesses. Guidance Classifying plastics for import and export. Published 3 August Last updated 26 April — see all updates. Before you start This guide will help you to classify plastics.
This guide will: provide some or all of the commodity codes for particular items and types explain the differences between codes or headings affecting these items detail any exceptions or rules You will still need to look up the full commodity code to use on your declaration using the Trade Tariff Tool.
You can find out more about: using the trade tariff tool to find the full commodity code other ways to help you find a commodity to classify your goods Introduction This guide will help you to classify polymers and articles formed from such polymers known as plastics. This guide covers classifying plastics according to their polymer type and some specific plastic goods only covered in chapter 39, including: polyethylene polyurethane polystyrene plastic tubes and pipes plastic floor coverings plastic bathroom furnishings plastic packaging materials plastic tableware and kitchenware This guide provides an outline of the basic chemistry related to polymers, a simple summary of manufacturing processes and practical tips on classifying specific finished or processed goods.
To correctly classify your polymers in primary forms, you need to identify the predominant monomer: polymers of ethylene heading polymers of propylene heading polymers of styrene heading polymers of vinyl chloride or other halogenated olefins heading polymers of vinyl acetate or of other vinyl esters and other vinyl polymers heading acrylic polymers heading polyacetals, other polyethers and epoxide resins, polycarbonates, alkyd resins, polyallyl esters and other polyesters heading polyamides heading amino-resins, phenolic resins and polyurethanes heading silicones heading petroleum resins, coumarone-indene resins, polyterpenes, polysulphides, polysulphones heading Copolymers are produced by the simultaneous polymerisation of 2 or more dissimilar monomers.
Further help Use the online UK Trade Tariff tool to find the rest of your commodity code and other measures applying to imports and exports.
Related content Non-packaging plastics: quality protocol Classifying textile apparel for import and export Classifying electric lamps for import and export Classifying computers and software for import and export Starting to import Exporting and doing business abroad Detailed guidance Classifying toys, games and sports equipment for import and export.
Explore the topic Import, export and customs for businesses. Is this page useful? Maybe Yes this page is useful No this page is not useful Is there anything wrong with this page? Thank you for your feedback. What were you doing? What went wrong? Email address. Polyacetals, other polyethers and epoxide resins, polycarbonates, alkyd resins, polyallyl esters and other polyesters in primary forms. Self-adhesive plates, sheets, film, foil, tape, strip and other flat shapes, of plastics, whether or not in rolls.
Baths, shower-baths, sinks, washbasins, bidets, lavatory pans, Seats and covers, flushing cisterns and similar sanitary ware, of plastics. Articles for the conveyance or packing of goods, of plastics; stoppers, lids, caps and other closures, of plastics.
Industrial Info's Industrial Manufacturing Industry Platform includes the following industry segments:. Reports on the infrastructure sector deal with steam, chilled water, electrical distribution and independent power, including the microgrid needs of educational institutions, hospitals, prisons, military bases and governmental facilities. The automotive sector includes vehicle assembly plants that produce cars, light trucks, buses and commercial heavy-duty trucks, as well as tier suppliers that produce automotive parts. Industrial Info offers intelligent and easy-to-use web-based tools to access our market intelligence data.
The following chart shows how we compute your approximate shipping costs. Urethane is expensive and generally best left to those making molds for sale or heavy production of cast ware. We offer an amazing variety of bisque pieces and a lively assortment of color products and accessories. Firelite Forms is the largest in-house manufacturer of ceramic slumping, draping and casting molds in the USA.
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Ravago Plants. Global materials firm Ravago Group plans to work with oil firm Neste Oyj to process more than , tons of waste plastics per year through chemical recycling. Supervise plant operations, including but not limited to: starting and shutting down of the Power Plant; and all associated functions and coordinating maintenance activities with the maintenance department which also include testing of plant equipment and performance monitoring. EPS Applications.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Rubber Manufacturer in Vietnam - Vina Rubber Co., Ltd
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There are two basic types of rubber used in the rubber industry: natural and synthetic. A number of different synthetic rubber polymers are used to make a wide variety of rubber products see table Brazil is the only developing country with a significant synthetic rubber industry. Important non-tyre uses of rubber include automotive belts and hoses, gloves, condoms and rubber footwear.
Wippermann design and manufacture chains that deliver maximum performance and optimum efficiency in increasingly demanding applications. Industrial chain requirements are becoming more and more complex: high fatigue strength, high-temperature application and freedom from maintenance, to name but a few. Wippermann offer a broad range of extremely reliable standard chains, whether Roller Chains with and without attachments, Leaf Chains or various special chains. Customers from the automotive, food, packaging and many other industries appreciate the high quality of Wippermann products. Wippermann consider products optimal if they comply with both their strict quality and environmental standards and the high expectations of customers. Expertise across all production steps, from the raw materials to the elaborate manufacturing processes, through to application planning is paramount to their success. Wippermann also holds customer quality approvals across many fields and applications. Tight final inspection is carried out on the finished product using advanced metrology systems, ensuring long life and reliability for customer end-product. TransDev Chain Wippermann Chain.
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Hamilton Kent is a company that knows underground infrastructure. Our products make infrastructure projects more watertight, more durable, more sustainable and less expensive to maintain. Learn more about who we are , what we do , how we do it and where we came from. Hamilton Kent and its employees are committed to provide the highest quality elastomer products and services to our customers. Our goal is to meet and exceed customer expectations through continuous improvements, innovation and respect for the environment.
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ENA employees over 1, employees, and maintains roughly 2 million square feet of manufacturing space worldwide. We believe quality parts start with quality tools. We are proud to have the lowest tooling cost and fastest turn-around time on tool design in the industry. In medium-to-high volume parts, we offer zero cost tooling. ENA's core competency and competitive strength is in the production of highly custom, complex parts. This includes complex and close tolerance parts, bonded rubber-to-metal, intricate gaskets, and parts requiring custom compounds or rubber formulations. Although we do have the capacity to produce high volume standard parts such as standard or stock o-rings , our real strength is highly critical, close tolerance hard to produce custom parts and components. Many customers come to ENA for parts that other LCR Low Cost Region suppliers do not have the capacity or technologies to produce, and they purchase the "run-of-the-mill" commodity parts o-rings from us as a value added service. A particular competency at ENA is bonded rubber-to-metal parts.
Classifying plastics for import and export
Relationship to Other Statutes and Public Policy. Amendments of NLRA.
NCBI Bookshelf. Chemical Agents and Related Occupations. Since that time new data have become available, which have been incorporated in this Monograph, and taken into consideration in the present evaluation. In the context of this Monograph , the rubber industry is restricted to the rubber-manufacturing industry, including the production of tyres and general rubber goods and the process of re-treading.
Red rubber grease uses. Ready to ship across the US for fast delivery of adhesive natural rubber tape. CGR Products can fabricate a a variety of foam and sponge rubber materials.