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- What Are Our Clothes Made From?
- The textile process
- Fiber recycling using mechanical and chemical processes
- The textile process
- If your clothes aren’t already made out of plastic, they will be
- Our Fibers Library
- What is banana fibre and how do you make textiles from it?
- THE CHALLENGE
- Series on Fibres: Turning Hemp into Fabric
- Forget about cotton, we could be making textiles from banana and pineapple
What Are Our Clothes Made From?VIDEO ON THE TOPIC: The production of viscose fibres at Kelheim Fibres GmbH
But have you ever thought about what your clothes are made of? Most of the time good qualities in clothing are associated with brands and high expenses; consumers will automatically gravitate towards familiar stores that are well-known for their quality, pricing, style etc. It goes without thinking about where in the world the garment was made, or which type of fabric was used; natural or synthetic?
We never really bother to research the reason our favourite clothes are just that, our favourites. Natural fabrics—such as cotton, silk and wool—are made of animal or plant-based fibres, while synthetics are man-made and produced entirely from chemicals to create fabrics like polyester, rayon, acrylic, and many others.
Over the years these synthetic fibres have increasingly grown in popularity. The demand for polyester fibres have increased by over half since , making polyester the single most used textile—overtaking cotton. Although synthetic fibres are known for better durability and cheaper manufacturing, they are acquired from petroleum products and require a complex processing procedure, like all synthetic fabrics. But natural fibres are found naturally on our planet without being scientifically invented.
Knowing this, there have been many long debates between the benefits of synthetic vs. The journey of a cotton plant starts somewhere on a farm in late March. A dry breeze blows across the endless stretch of fields as the woolly cotton seeds are planted in neat rows in the sunny state of Florida. In autumn the crops will be ready to harvest, but first the plants are intensely watered for up to days. Transformed from a small seed into the clothes you see in stores, cotton has been around for thousands of years.
Travelling from fields to manufacturers and back again, cotton accounts for 40 percent of clothing manufactured around the world. Although, cotton is prone to shrinking and has little resilience; it is very absorbent, soft and strong, while still easy to care for.
This natural fibre is hypoallergenic making it a suitable choice for those with sensitive skin. Cotton is all-natural, making for a comfortable and breathable fabric year-round. Polyester, derived from coal and petroleum, the fibres are the result of a chemical reaction between acid and alcohol.
The exact process which the material goes through varies, though the specifications are kept secret because of competition between different companies.
This fabric is exceptionally durable and long-lasting, compared to natural fibres, due to its synthetic qualities. It is easily cared for and retains shape well, in addition to drying quickly, which is helpful for outdoor clothing. Since polyester is man-made the toxins used may cause irritation or become uncomfortable on the skin. Most people will prefer cotton over polyester because it is a natural plant-based product, but both fibres are surprisingly similar regarding environmental impacts.
Both types of materials are manufactured in factory plants, where they go under multiple chemical procedures which involve additives—such as detergents, chemical softeners, and bleaches—that are often toxic to the human body and can pollute the environment. Pollution is also caused from transporting the products around the world.
Cotton requires a lot of water and land to grow, as well as additional power for machinery used for harvesting. About 2, litres of water is needed to make enough cotton for one t-shirt, though the necessary water is less than the average crop. And the amount of pesticides used has decreased over time, however it is still the highest amount used out of any crop. Polyester synthetics are harmful since they are and made from fossil fuels and other chemicals, destroying habitats during the process of extracting these non-renewable resources.
Cotton is also biodegradable, so it will eventually breakdown after discarded. Garments created from synthetic fibres are non-biodegradable, spending about 30 or more years in a landfill before they start to decompose. Though polyester can be made of recyclable materials such as plastic bottles which will reduce waste in other ways; polyester production rates are continually increasing, vastly exceeding the decomposition time after disposal—inescapably creating more waste on our planet. Depending on your concern, both fibres are roughly even when it comes to environmental impacts and consequences.
The most eco-friendly method would be purchasing vintage or used clothing from thrift stores, or producing your own clothing from organic cotton. Both fabrics have their fair amount of advantages and disadvantages. Along with the environmental impact, the decision is narrowed down to a few simple factors. Your personal opinion, it matters.
Now that you know the difference of characteristics between the options you can base your decision depending your skin sensitivity and particular comfort preference for the article of clothing. In general I personally prefer cotton to a synthetic alternative, even though it is the more expensive option. The fabric is more versatile as well as comfortable and I continue to find it suitable all year-round, for many years to come.
Now you can go out into the world, happily no longer shopping in ignorance of your options and the impact. You may just find a diamond in the rough where you never would have looked before. Amy is a high school student who enjoys using writing for the purpose of expressing an opinion or point of view on a subject matter. She most enjoys creative writing in the form of fictional stories and descriptive writing pieces.
She hopes to be able to give advice and impact the lives of other through the written word, and pursue a career in writing in the future. As a hobby she also enjoys reading, listening to music and composing her own short stories. Thank you for this well-written and informative health and choice motivating article. I will re-post and follow you. Hey, You really rocked it and wrote a useful article.
It was really very nice. I liked it very much. Both natural and synthetic are welcomed because they have their own respective advantages. But one thing, as for me, is for sure that synthetic fabrics might be welcomed by most consumers if the recycling techniques are well-developed, just because synthesized materials are much cheaper than natural materials and, importantly, new technology helps to make synthetic materials feature just as natural ones.
I would like to see more info on the microfibers being washed away in the rinse water during washing of synthetics. This accounts for about half the plastic pollution in the ocean. I appreciate you helping me learn a lot of techniques in marketing a certain clothing brand.
These tips are great ideas since this could help reached the target. What are Natural and Synthetic Fabrics? Natural Fibres—Cotton The journey of a cotton plant starts somewhere on a farm in late March. Synthetic Fibres—Polyester Polyester, derived from coal and petroleum, the fibres are the result of a chemical reaction between acid and alcohol.
Environmental Impacts Most people will prefer cotton over polyester because it is a natural plant-based product, but both fibres are surprisingly similar regarding environmental impacts. Conclusion Both fabrics have their fair amount of advantages and disadvantages. Related articles. About the Author Amy is a high school student who enjoys using writing for the purpose of expressing an opinion or point of view on a subject matter.
Thanks Yishebah! It was too good Reply. Hey my Reply. Good bro Reply. Hay Reply. You really wrote a usefull article. I liked it very much Reply. Yes Reply. Very well Reply. Nice Reply. Very interesting and nice Reply. Very useful information. It helped my project. I have learned more information about it.
When is your next clothing swap. I have lots of clothes to exchange Reply. Love it. My school actually made a question referring to your article. Hii gudha valisindhaa Reply. Wow Reply. Good Reply. This help for my project work. Is cotton a synthetic or natural resource?
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The textile process
Fiber recycling using mechanical and chemical processes
C otton makes up a third of fibre consumption in the textile industry, according to a global apparel fibre consumption report pdf published in The cotton production industry is labour intensive and involves a lot of sweat, chemicals and fresh water. Could a number of innovations from natural sources and raw materials compete with the unsustainable product of the cotton plant? Around a billion tonnes of banana plant stems are wasted each year, despite research indicating that it would only take 37kg of stems to produce a kilogram of fibre. In , the Philippine Textile Research Institute concluded that banana plantations in the Philippines alone can generate over , tonnes of fibre. The fabric is claimed to be nearly carbon neutral and its soft texture has been likened to hemp and bamboo.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Banana Fiber Extraction Processing, Yarn Spinning & Weaving
Did you know the very first pair of Levis were made of hemp? And did you know that hemp was planted near and around the Chernobyl nuclear disaster site to pull radioactive elements from the ground? Derived from the Cannabis Sativa plant, the fibres of hemp are well known for their durability and ruggedness. In their raw state, hemp fibres are yellowish grey to deep brown. Prior to Levis Strauss' ingenious use of hemp to create his first jean, hemp was largely used as an industrial fibre, but soon became popular in the textile world after it was used in this first pair of jeans. Materials made from hemp have been discovered in tombs dating back to 8, B. Hemp was primarily used in making sails and ropes for ships. In fact, the ships on which Christopher Columbus sailed to America in the s were rigged with hemp. It is now widely recognized as a sustainable fabric that is exceptionally strong. Hemp is a fibre with numerous benefits.
The textile process
Please fill in your details to download the Table of Contents of this report for free. We also do customization of these reports so you can write to us at mi fibre2fashion. Fibre is the starting point of the textile chain. First of all, fibre is obtained from the source, which is then spun into yarn.
Innovation in textile has brought alternative plant based fibers such as bamboo into the spotlight and as a replacement to petrochemical based synthetic fibers. Bamboo as a raw material is a remarkably sustainable and versatile resource but the manufacturing process is where the debate really gets heated and the sustainability and green image of bamboo is tarnished. The claims may not always portray the products authenticity and true environmental impact. By far, viscose process is predominantly used to create fibers from bamboo but the properties of natural bamboo fibers in such bamboo viscose products have been lost. However, bamboo textiles are not yet achieved their full potential and cleaner production processes are appearing. With abundant sources of raw material, relatively low cost; and unique performance of bamboo fiber it is only a matter of time to develop green and pure bamboo textiles. This paper analyses the prospects of bamboo fibers providing a view on bamboo as a plant and processed fiber, facts regarding the antimicrobial properties of bamboo fibers, its chemical properties, morphology, anatomy, historical overview, patents and modern bamboo textile industry. Although textile is one of the most ancient known, dating back to the very inception of culture there still remains room for innovation today. Bamboo plant as a resource is available in plenty and plays a great role in socio-economic development Panda ; Yeasmin et al. It is fast growing Devi et al. Bamboo textiles are fashionably chic, soft, cool, breathable and light Textile Digest ; Hardin et al.
If your clothes aren’t already made out of plastic, they will be
We can always guarantee the ecological sustainability of our garments, because we have developed our own global textile and manufacturing supply chain. By monitoring our source materials and the recycling process in detail, we can ensure that the quality of our products meets the standards of our clients and their customers. With the help of the best experts and suppliers in the industry, we have reached a level of textile quality that is the same, and in many cases better, than that of traditional fabrics. Instead, we concentrate on basic garments. We believe everyone should have the possibility to make a better choice with Pure Waste. We then sort it by quality and color. The color of the waste, defines the color of the final product. No dyeing is needed.
Our Fibers Library
A textile  is a flexible material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibers yarn or thread. Yarn is produced by spinning raw fibres of wool , flax , cotton , hemp , or other materials to produce long strands. The related words " fabric "  and " cloth "  and "material" are often used in textile assembly trades such as tailoring and dressmaking as synonyms for textile. However, there are subtle differences in these terms in specialized usage. A textile is any material made of interlacing fibres, including carpeting and geotextiles. A fabric is a material made through weaving, knitting, spreading, crocheting, or bonding that may be used in production of further goods garments, etc.
What is banana fibre and how do you make textiles from it?
Creating new fibers from textile waste closes the loop and supports the circular economy. Recycled fibers can be made using chemical and mechanical recycling processes and there are pros and cons to each. However, scaling the recycling of textiles has a myriad of issues, and opportunities, which include the need for improved fabric sorting, and better separation of fabric blends.
Maximizing customer value with innovative textile technology and a global trade network. Hyosung is one of the world's best manufacturers of nylon textile filament, is loved by customers around the world for its nylon fibers of outstanding quality and a variety of functions, all based on production know-how accumulated over 50 years. Capitalizing from its efforts to reduce energy, Hyosung has launched the world's first ever environmentally friendly recyclable nylon, 'MIPAN regen', and is leading the world to a better place through resource recycling.
Series on Fibres: Turning Hemp into Fabric
The non-fruit bearing species of banana, abaca Musa Textilis , has been grown for centuries for use as a textile fibre. Also known as "Manila hemp", banana fibre production and its trade has centred primarily around The Philippines due to the plant's abundance and quick regrowth.
Forget about cotton, we could be making textiles from banana and pineapple
Когда интервьюер спросил у Сьюзан, не занималась ли она сексом с животными, она с трудом удержалась, чтобы не выбежать из кабинета, но, так или иначе, верх взяли любопытство, перспектива работы на самом острие теории кодирования, возможность попасть во Дворец головоломок и стать членом наиболее секретного клуба в мире - Агентства национальной безопасности. Беккер внимательно слушал ее рассказ.