Ancient texts and archaeological excavations show the use of perfumes in some of the earliest human civilizations. Modern perfumery began in the late 19th century with the commercial synthesis of aroma compounds such as vanillin or coumarin , which allowed for the composition of perfumes with smells previously unattainable solely from natural aromatics alone. The word perfume derives from the Latin perfumare , meaning "to smoke through". Perfumery, as the art of making perfumes, began in ancient Mesopotamia , Egypt , the Indus Valley Civilization and maybe Ancient China.
Dear readers! Our articles talk about typical ways to solve the issue of renting industrial premises, but each case is unique.
If you want to know how to solve your particular problem, please contact the online consultant form on the right or call the numbers on the website. It is fast and free!
FragrancesVIDEO ON THE TOPIC: 10 FRAGRANCES THAT LEAVE AN INTOXICATING SCENT TRAIL - SEDUCTIVE LINGERING SCENTS WITH GREAT SILLAGE
In compounding fine fragrances, animal perfumes, such as musk, civet and castreum, have hitherto been highly valued as natural perfuming substances emitting an animal note. On the other hand, human body smell is known to be ascribed to volatile lower fatty acids, e.
Since any of these fatty acids gives off an unpleasant smell of sweat, various measures have ever been taken for body deodorization. Further, steroids, e. However, these steroids possess hormone activities and are therefore limited in their use as perfumes.
The E -compound was isolated for the first time from the sweat of schizophrenic patients as a substance causing a peculiar offensive odor see,, K. Smith et al. Gordon et al. It was also reported that a mixture of the E -compound and Z -compound was obtained through synthesis see R.
Any of these reports only describes that the odor of 3-methylhexenoic acid is offensive, giving no suggestion as to utility as a perfume. On the other hand, 7-octenoic acid was reported to be present in tobacco or an essential oil of olibanum see I.
Wahlberg et al. De Rijke et al. It was also reported to be obtained by pyrolysis of triolein see W. May et al. None of these reports describes about the perfume of 7-octenoic acid, still leaving utility as a perfume unknown. Further, JP-A the term "JP-A" as used herein means an "unexamined published Japanese patent application" discloses a perfume composition having a smell of Chinese quince which contains a 7-octenoic acid ester and teaches synthesis of 7-octenoic acid as an intermediate of its ester but gives no disclosure on the odor of 7-octenoic acid itself, still less on utility as a perfume.
The above-mentioned musk, civet, castreum, etc. It has hence been demanded to develop an animal note-giving perfume material which is easily available from origins except animals and still has a fresh and natural odor with excellent diffusibility and tastiness. With the recent diversity of perfuming cosmetics, aromatics and sanitary goods, there has been an increasing need to offer these goods with a unique scent.
Further, so-called aromatherapy in which aromatic substances such as perfumes are used for mental and physical control has recently been attracting attention, and development of perfume compositions having such functions has been demanded. An object of the present invention is to provide a perfume composition satisfying all these demands.
Paying attention to a possibility of human body odor which has been regarded offensive as a material of perfume having an animal note, the inventors separated body odor into components and found that 3-methylhexenoic acid and 7-octenoic acid of the separated components have a very strong animal note. Based on this finding, they synthesized these compounds and conducted odor tests.
As a result, it has now been found that 3-methylhexenoic acid and 7-octenoic acid can be a useful animal base which, when compounded into mixed perfumes having an animal-like, amber-like, or balsam-like keynote, makes the odor fresher and more natural and enhances diffusibility and tastiness.
Besides being safe to human body as originally possessed by humans, 3-methylhexenoic acid and 7-octenoic acid are expected to have psychological effects, for example, sexual effects; i. The present invention has been completed based on these findings. For example, 3-methylhexenoic acid can be synthesized by Wittig reaction between a Wittig reagent prepared from, e. As stated above, 3-methylhexenoic acid includes an E -compound and a Z -compound in nature of its chemical structure.
This does not mean to exclude use of each of separated isomers or an arbitrary mixture of separated isomers. In any case, 3-methylhexenoic acid has an animal odor and particularly a civet-like or musk-like odor combined with woody, camphor-like, fatty, and fruity elements to give off, as a whole, a sexual odor.
The delicate difference in odor between the E -isomer and the Z -isomer lies in that the latter feels slightly softer than the former. Synthetic 7-octenoic acid was also confirmed to have a strongly diffusible animal note which agrees with that of the compound isolated from the secretion of human skin. This compound has an animal and fatty odor combined with amber-like, woody and fruity elements to give off, as a whole, a sexual odor. The inventors examined influences of the thus obtained 3-methylhexenoic acid and 7-octenoic acid on humans according to the method proposed by Fukuda et al.
That is, the compounds according to the present invention were investigated for their awakening effect or sedative effect on humans with distinction of sex by using, as an indication of contingent negative variation hereinafter abbreviated as CNV which is a mild variation of cerebral potential in relation to psychic processes, such as attention, expectation, and prediction, or variations of consciousness level.
As a result, 3-methylhexenoic acid manifested a sedative effect on females and an awakening effect on males, and 7-octenoic acid manifested an awakening effect on females and a sedative effect on males. From these results, a perfume composition containing 3-methylhexenoic acid is expected to produce a sedative effect on females and an awakening effect on males; and a perfume composition containing 7-octenoic acid is expected to produce an awakening effect on females and a sedative effect on males.
Since 3-methylhexenoic acid and 7-octenoic acid are both in good harmony with various synthetic or natural perfumes, synthetic or natural essential oils, and other perfuming materials, they can be compounded with these materials to provide a novel perfume composition. For example, they can be used as an animal base to prepare a perfume composition.
In particular, they can be compounded into a mixed perfume having an animal, amber or balsam keynote to provide a perfume composition having a fresh and nearly natural odor with excellent diffusibility and tastiness. Usually, it is from 0. On the other hand, in concentrations less than 0. Accordingly, the perfume composition of the invention is useful as an aromatic component of various cosmetics, aromatics, and sanitary goods. The perfume composition of the present invention can be incorporated in an amount effective to impart its unique odor to perfumes or eau de Cologne; bases of hair care cosmetics, e.
All the percents, parts, and ratios are by weight unless otherwise indicated. In a flask were charged ml of hexane and 42 g 1. The mixture was stirred until sodium disappeared. Then, g 2. In a flask were charged ml of toluene and 27 g 1. Then, 98 g 1. In a flask were charged g 0. The reaction mixture was extracted with hexane, and the aqueous layer was washed with diluted hydrochloric acid and extracted with diethyl ether to obtain a concentrate weighing g.
Physical properties of the resulting 3-methylhexenoic acid were measured with the following instruments. To a solution of 18 g 0. The reaction mixture was worked-up and finally distilled to obtain To ml of absolute ethanol was added 4 g 0. Further, 14 g 0. The reaction mixture was freed of the solvent by distillation, and the residue was distilled to obtain After cooling, the mixture was extracted with diethyl ether, and the solvent was removed by distillation.
The residue was distilled to obtain 5. Physical properties of the resulting 7-octenoic acid were measured with the same measuring instruments as used in Synthesis Example 1. Influences of 3-methylhexenoic acid and 7-octenoic acid on CNV were examined in accordance with the above-described Fukuda's method.
Smelling bottles containing filter paper to which a test compound was adhered or non-stimulating odorless filter blank were prepared. Electrodes for CNV recording were placed on predetermined sites of panel members. While recording electroencephalograms, vertical oculogyration, and respirations, panel members were made to sniff at the smelling bottle, and responses to a sound stimulus were recorded.
A percentage of the sum of CNV of from to msec from the sound stimulation when the test compound was given a sniff to that of the blank was obtained. It was thus proved that 3-methylhexenoic acid and 7-octenoic acid give males and females a sedative effect and an awakening effect in an entirely opposite mode according to the sex. Influences of androstenol and androsterone which are male hormones having a steroid skeleton and are also isolated from perspiration or urine on CNV were examined in the same manner as in CNV Test Example described above.
It can be seen from these results that 3-methylhexenoic acid and 7-octenoic acid, though having no hormonal activity, give humans psychological effects similar to those produced on smelling male hormones, e. More specifically, 7-octenoic acid is expected to give males and females psychological effects similar to androstenol, while 3-methylhexenoic acid is expected to give females psychological effects similar to androsterone.
An animal base as a perfume composition having an animal tone was prepared according to the following formulation. The resulting perfume composition had an animal-like, and particularly civet- and musk-like keynote with a floral scent. The resulting animal base perfume composition was evaluated for its tastiness by organoleptic test by 30 specialized panel members in comparison with a perfume composition having the same formulation except for excluding 3-methylhexenoic acid and 7-octenoic acid.
As a result, 22 out of 30 panel members answered that they preferred the perfume composition containing 3-methylhexenoic acid and 7-octenoic acid according to the present invention. An animal base perfume composition was prepared in the same manner as in Example 1, except for replacing the 3-methylhexenoic acid and 7-octenoic acid with 3 parts of 3-methylhexenoic acid.
The perfume composition had an animal keynote, particularly a civet- and musk-like keynote with a fatty and floral scent. A perfume composition for fine fragrances was prepared according to the following formulation. This composition had a green floral keynote with a woody and musk-like scent. As a result, 21 out of 30 panel members answered that they preferred the perfume composition containing 3-methylhexenoic acid and 7-octenoic acid according to the present invention.
A perfume composition for fine fragrances was prepared in the same manner as in Example 3, except for replacing the 3-methylhexenoic acid and 7-octenoic acid with 0.
The perfume composition had a floral keynote with a woody, fatty and muck-like scent. Hence, the perfume composition of the present invention is expected to find effective use in a broad range of applications, such as perfuming cosmetics, sanitary goods, and aromatherapy.
While the invention has been described in detail and with reference to specific examples thereof, it will be apparent to one skilled in the art that various changes and modifications can be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope thereof. Effective date : Year of fee payment : 4. The perfume composition has a fresh and natural animal note and excellent diffusibility and tastiness.
Chromatograph: Model , produced by Hitachi, Ltd. Column: PEG 20M chemical bond type , 0. EXAMPLE 2 An animal base perfume composition was prepared in the same manner as in Example 1, except for replacing the 3-methylhexenoic acid and 7-octenoic acid with 3 parts of 3-methylhexenoic acid. Rose oil 20 partsTerpineol 50 partsVanillin 2 partsCitronellol EXAMPLE 4 A perfume composition for fine fragrances was prepared in the same manner as in Example 3, except for replacing the 3-methylhexenoic acid and 7-octenoic acid with 0.
What is claimed is: 1. A perfume composition having an animal note, which comprises a a perfume material selected from the group consisting of synthetic perfumes, natural perfumes, synthetic essential oils and natural essential oils; and. A perfume composition as in claim 1, wherein said synthetic perfumes, natural perfumes, synthetic essential oils, or natural essential oils have an animal, amber or balsam fragrance. USA en. JPHA en. EPA1 en. USHH1 en.
Perfume was first used by the Egyptians as part of their religious rituals. The two principal methods of use at the time was the burning of incense and the application of balms and ointments. Perfumed oils were applied to the skin for either cosmetic or medicinal purposes. During the Old and Middle Kingdoms, perfumes were reserved exclusively for religious rituals such as cleansing ceremonies. Perfumes were used in a period of the New Kingdom BC for festivals and Egyptian women used them too.
Chambers's Edinburgh journal, conducted by W. Chambers's journal. Criminal Case in Russia a LodgingsApartments To. Love Philosophy of 3li5. Absence of Mind Sardinia Marrying and Giving.
Excellent sales growth - on track to deliver guidance. Flavour and Fragrance house Givaudan are to acquire Drom. Our database now contains whois records of Million ,, domain names. This service is produced by Kompass. SIX Swiss Exchange was the first stock exchange in the world to incorporate a fully automated trading, clearing and settlement system in Company registration number The price target was set to 2, Oversee external collaborations for contracted Toxicology studies and assist in new substance registration and introduction. About The Role As a member of the Finance and Controlling team in Budapest, you will complete complex transfer pricing and reporting activities to support the International business and ensure compliance with tax laws and accounting regulations.
US5141921A - Perfume composition - Google Patents
Suppliers for perfumes vary in size, capabilities and business policies. Certainly not all companies individually solve all the problems you encounter with scenting. The best results are surely achieved with a supplier who is qualified to prepare perfume for your purposes. Many scenting problems can be solved with the participation of specialists.
Perfume composition for expressing the fragrance of Ginseng flower Panax ginseng C. Meyer [Technical Field]. The present invention relates to a perfume composition, which contains hedione that is an artificial synthetic substance having a delicate flower fragrance, and methylionone that is an artificial synthetic substance having a soft and freesia-like flower fragrance, in addition to decanal, nonanal, 2-methylpyrrole, benzaldehyde, acetophenone and the like, analyzed as the fragrant components of ginseng flowers by an SPME method, and thus has a fragrance like the characteristic fragrance of ginseng flowers while having high preference. Panax ginseng C. Meyer which is a dicotyledonous plant belonging to the family Araliaceae is classified as a perennial plant. It grows in remote mountain forests and is cultivated as a medicinal plant. It is 60 cm in height, a new stem grows each year, and leaves sprout from the tip of the stem. In the summer, a thin flower stalk comes out, and small flowers having a light yellowish color come out from the tip of the stalk. The flowers have five leaves and stamens and one pistil. The fruit thereof is drupe, has an elliptic shape, is mm in diameter, becomes bright red when being ripe, and has two semicircular kernels in the central portion thereof. The root thereof is used for medicinal purposes and has the shape of the human body.
US5234689A - Multi-purpose fragrance composition - Google Patents
In compounding fine fragrances, animal perfumes, such as musk, civet and castreum, have hitherto been highly valued as natural perfuming substances emitting an animal note. On the other hand, human body smell is known to be ascribed to volatile lower fatty acids, e. Since any of these fatty acids gives off an unpleasant smell of sweat, various measures have ever been taken for body deodorization. Further, steroids, e. However, these steroids possess hormone activities and are therefore limited in their use as perfumes. The E -compound was isolated for the first time from the sweat of schizophrenic patients as a substance causing a peculiar offensive odor see,, K.
Microbiology & Experimentation
We develop innovative and creative fragrances with high quality raw materials. Our perfumes are designed for each application and aimed at satisfying the needs of an increasingly demanding market. We create innovative and successful fragrances for all types of applications, from fine perfumery and niche fragrances to detergents, air fresheners, personal care and home products, in this last sector where we have a wide range. We develop captives that give exclusivity to the perfume and we have created the Encaplus technology of micro-encapsulation of perfumes to be used in products for clothes, home care and cosmetics. Aromatic compositions which are applied directly on the basis of the products and are used in fine perfumery, home, clothing and body care. Technology that packages, separates and stores microscopic-scale materials for the gradual release of aroma chemicals or perfumes for clothes, home care and cosmetics products. All the fragrances we produce in Bordas are used with all the guarantees in the food and animal feed industry: flavoring substances, aromatizing preparations, smoke aromas, aroma precursors and aroma mixtures. Our creation, production and evaluation processes are based on physico-chemical and chromatographic analyses made with certified equipment that guarantee the optimum quality. If you require any further information, feel free to contact our sales department.
Fragrances can make us feel a whole range of emotions. They are an important part of our daily lives and how we connect as human beings. From the familiar smell of our loved ones to the welcoming feeling of our homes.
This patent relates to Provisional U. The invention described in this application is not the result of a federally sponsored research or development agreement.
Welcome to Fragrance Contact. Let's create perfumes together we will always remember!
Wuhan University Journal of Natural Sciences. August , Cite as. The fresh osmanthus flower was processed with a petroleum ether digestion method to produce the extractum. The yields of essential oil and extractum were 0.