It also analyzes key emerging trends and their impact on present and future development. Global " Perfume and Fragrances Market " report offers a detailed Overview of market opportunity by end user segments, product segments, sales channels, key countries, and import, export dynamics. It details market size and forecast, growth drivers, emerging trends, market opportunities, and investment risks in over various segments in Scintillator industry. It provides a comprehensive understanding of Perfume and Fragrances market dynamics in both value and volume terms.
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Futuristic fragrance: New biotech unlocks scents that have never been sniffedVIDEO ON THE TOPIC: what I REALLY THINK about Jeremy's Fragrances...
A fragrance composition and use thereof by inhalation to promote activated, pleasant moods. The present invention relates to novel fragrance compositions and to consumer products that incorporate such fragrances. The senses provide us with basic information about our surroundings. At a first level, sensory information can be broken down into its constituent parts each of which, in turn, can be perceived as being somewhere above a threshold level. For smell we can deconstruct perfume into different characteristics and perceive the relative preponderance of each.
In this way we can derive a quantitative or semi-quantitative descriptive analysis of a smell. However odours are also powerful drivers of mood and emotion and in many cases our primary response to odours is emotional. Olfactory information feeds directly through the olfactory bulb into the limbic system, the emotional heart of the brain. This finding reinforces the conclusion that odour has a powerful ability to evoke emotions. Other senses confer sensory information on a far more factual level.
The primacy of vision emphasises this. Vision provides a sophisticated ability to resolve colour, shape, size, distance, movement, direction, texture; it informs recognition. It can be enjoyed at an artistic or abstract level through introspection but the first experience is factual, sensory information.
The higher-level perceptions follow. For odour, the process is generally reversed. Odour recognition in untrained subjects is low. Memory for odours is poor, certainly less than memory for words and pictures.
The primary reactions to odour are hedonic, associative, and emotional. Once these responses bring an odour to the attention of the subject it may be further characterised, for example, with respect to its sensory dimensions.
Emotions such as joy are transitory, brief events. An episode will rarely last more than a minute. Moods such as happiness can last much longer, even hours. They are background states which provide a context for emotions.
Moods can be both enablers and barriers. If the subject is in a happy mood then it is easier for them to experience joy. Conversely if the subject is in a sad mood it is more difficult for them to feel joy. They are inputting into our feelings of well-being, which in turn can be seen as the integration of emotional and physical inputs that come together to define the organism's state.
Our moods reset the baseline for feeling emotions. Moods and emotions may act as motivators encouraging us to act in ways that increase our survival chances and enjoyment. The circumplex model see L.
Feldman Barrett and J. Russell, , Current Directions in Psychological Science, 8, p. Activated, pleasant moods included states of invigoration and stimulation. Deactivated pleasant moods included Relaxed. Negative activated moods could be typified by Annoyed or Nervous, while negative deactivated moods could be exemplified by Boredom. The key dimensions of mood would be Stimulated-Calm and Happy-Sad. We have found that fragrances can enhance moods, and we describe here how fragrances can be specifically formulated to enhance activated, pleasant moods.
Context can have an influence on the moods evoked by odours and this is particularly relevant for positive, activated smells. This has largely been driven by associations with the usage of different fragrance classes in different consumer product applications, such as lemon in dish wash products. The colour primes the taste and odour expectation. The present invention is limited to the intrinsic mood effects of odours, and does not address those that may arise from additional external information which may be present in consumer products, and which will have an additional priming effect, for example, as in aromatherapy.
Aromatherapy teaches that essential oils can provide stimulating effects. In its traditional form, an aromatherapist applies oils to the patients skin with massage to deliver benefits including mood.
Occasionally aromatherapists will mix oils to achieve the desired effects. The use of aromatic plants and oils dates back to ancient times. Holy perfumes were used as incense or aromatic oil to evoke a spiritual atmosphere or heighten spiritual awareness. In the times of the Assyrians and the Babylonians aromatic oils were popular in spas and baths.
These people believed that they could use fragrant essences to preserve their health and thus live longer. Traditionally the art of aromatherapy is concerned with healing. It has been shown more recently that essential oils are absorbed through the mucosas of the mouth, nose, pharynx, gastro-intestines and also through intact skin. The oils interact with certain cell membrane lipids thus causing, among other effects, an alteration of the calcium-ion-channel-function.
Besides this direct molecular action there is also stimulation in the limbic system in the brain which is responsible for all our emotions and sensations such as anxiety, fear, feelings of wellness, harmony and sexual desires.
Through this mode of action aromatherapy has several therapeutic benefits, for beauty, general well-being, emotional help and certain illnesses. Treatments may be used as an effective method of stress relief or they may help people to become more energised. There is little consistency between the odours of essential oils, reputed to have stimulating effects. Our research has shown that the ability of odours to enhance mood is related to their complexity.
Complex odours in a similar olfactory category were generally more effective than simple blends, and simple blends were more effective than single materials and oils. In experiments, which involved pure smelling, as opposed to skin application and massage, the more complex creations outperformed their simple analogues in terms of mood generation.
In all cases, perfumes developed according to the skills of the art, outperformed the simpler aromatherapy oils see Example section. Apart from the widespread usage of aromatherapy there are few disclosures in the literature that reveal how to design complex fragrances to deliver target emotional benefits.
EP 1,, relates to fragranced personal care compositions that may be used to calm mammals, including humans and in particular, humans aged between about 1 day to 12 years. These compositions include sensory components comprising a specified essential oil together with particular perfume ingredients. The sensory interactions of perfume ingredients are well known by those in the art to be very complex, and many years of training are required before perfumers become competent to work well with a wide repertoire of ingredients.
Similar comments apply to the mood effects delivered by perfumes, but surprisingly it is possible to formulate perfumes with desirable emotional benefits using the creative rules described below. Diener, E. Temporal stability and cross - situational consistency of affective, behavioural, and cognitive responses , Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 47, pages Russell, J.
A circumplex model of affect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 39, pages According to the present invention there is provided a method of promoting activated, pleasant moods through the inhalation of an effective amount of energising, non-stressing fragrances invigorating fragrances.
Also provided are the fragrance compositions themselves, together with consumer products that incorporate such fragrances to deliver the desired emotional benefits. References herein the percentage by weight of perfume ingredients means relative to the total weight of perfume ingredients in the perfume composition and excludes, for example, any optional solvents, diluents, etc.
Disclosed herein are perfume formulation rules that those skilled in the art of perfumery can use to create perfumes with a high probability of promoting activated mood states associated with feelings of invigoration and energisation. We have carried out extensive studies into the relationship between perfume formulations and the mood states engendered upon inhalation of the perfumes.
A variety of techniques have been used such as brain activity mapping, visual mood profiling and biophysical monitoring. Typical methodologies and output are described below. The way in which a complex mixture of perfume ingredients affect mood is not well understood. Perfume materials that are associated with a mood state such as relaxing may nevertheless be useful in fragrance formulations that deliver the opposite affect.
This ambiguity varies from material to material, and must be taken into account when creating fragrances designed for specific moods. Without being bound by theory, on the basis of our observations we have classified perfume ingredients as belonging to various mood classes. This has enabled a number of predictive perfume creation rules to be constructed that are very useful in practice.
Certain materials have been found to be useable in a fragrance at the levels specified herein to support a variety of mood states. It must be emphasized that these designations are relevant to ingredients as used by one skilled in the art eg a perfumer under the dosage and pattern constraints disclosed here.
Certain materials e. In such cases here the invention is taken to refer to the general class of oils irrespective of origin. Group HMP: 1- 2,6,6,8-tetramethyltricyclo[5. Group GEN: cyclopentadecanolide also known as oxacyclohexadecanone; hexyl cinnamic aldehyde also known as 2E hexylphenylpropenal; ionone beta also known as beta-ionone and 3E 2,6,6-trimethylcyclohexenyl butenone; isobornyl cyclohexanol also known as 3- 5,5,6-trimethylbicyclo[2.
A number of liquids are commonly used within perfumery as solvents for difficult to dissolve, intractable compounds such as solids or gums, or as carriers for powerful materials with intense odours. This solvent correction is necessary to provide a true picture of the odour-bearing fraction of a perfume. Also preferred are perfumes that comprise at least five ingredients that are members of Group IMP, even more preferably at least eight ingredients.
Generally perfumes of the invention will contain at least 15 perfumery ingredients including those not classified herein, but excluding solvents , and it is preferred that they contain at least 25 ingredients, even more preferred 40 ingredients.
For the purposes of calculating numbers of ingredients, materials present at less than 0. The fragrance compositions of the invention exert a mood benefit via olfactory sampling of an effective amount of the perfume through inhalation.
The inhalation may be of the headspace above the perfume itself, or above consumer products including the perfume, for example alcoholic systems such as colognes, bath and body preparations, air fresheners, and many others.
In a further aspect, the invention provides a method of promoting a mood of well-being and happiness through the inhalation of an effective amount of at least one invigorating fragrance as described herein in an aesthetically pleasing form, such as, for example, cologne, an air freshener or a shampoo.
Directions for quantity to use and frequency of use, as well as variations in the formulation, e. The water:alcohol weight ratio can vary from to The cologne can also contain solubilizing agents, emollients, humectants, thickening agents, bacteriostats or other cosmetically used ingredients. Consumer compositions may take a variety of forms including, but not limited to, powders such as talc, dusting powders, face powders and the like, bars, sticks, tablets, mousses, gels, liquids, sprays, fabric conditioning sheets, cleansing compositions, powders, oils, bath oils and other bath compositions, aerosols, candles, substances that may be used with vaporizers, wipes, washes, shampoos, gels, soaps, sticks, balms, sachets, pillows, mousses, sprays, lotions, creams and cleansing compositions.
Perfume was first used by the Egyptians as part of their religious rituals. The two principal methods of use at the time was the burning of incense and the application of balms and ointments. Perfumed oils were applied to the skin for either cosmetic or medicinal purposes. During the Old and Middle Kingdoms, perfumes were reserved exclusively for religious rituals such as cleansing ceremonies.
Artificial intelligence creates perfumes without being able to smell them
A fragrance composition and use thereof by inhalation to promote activated, pleasant moods. The present invention relates to novel fragrance compositions and to consumer products that incorporate such fragrances. The senses provide us with basic information about our surroundings. At a first level, sensory information can be broken down into its constituent parts each of which, in turn, can be perceived as being somewhere above a threshold level.
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Futuristic fragrance: New biotech unlocks scents that have never been sniffed. Perfumery has always been an intricate science; much more effort goes into capturing a scent than those outside the industry might imagine. Over the last two decades, chemists have used innovative new technology to add an even larger array of scents to the perfumer's palette, enabling them to create fragrances that have never been smelled before. For thousands of years, scents came directly from nature.
Space, place and territory are concepts that lie at the core of geography and urban planning, environmental studies and sociology. Although space, place and territory are indeed polysemic and polemic, they have particular characteristics that distinguish them from each other. They are interdependent but not interchangeable, and the differences between them explain how we simultaneously perceive, conceive and design multiple spatialities. After drawing the conceptual framework of space, place and territory, the book initially explores how we sense space in the most visceral ways, and how the overlay of meanings attached to the sensorial characteristics of space change the way we perceive it — smell, spatial experiences using electroence phalography, and the changing meaning of darkness are discussed. The book continues exploring cartographic mapping not as a final outcome, but rather as an epistemological tool, an instrument of inquiry. The book concludes by focusing on spatial practices that challenge the status quo of how we perceive and understand urban spaces, from famous artists to anonymous interventions by traceurs and hackers of urban technologies. Combining space, place and territory as distinctive but interdependent concepts into an epistemological matrix may help us to understand contemporary phenomena and live them critically. Routledge Bolero Ozon.
Using AI to create new fragrances
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US20140194338A1 - Fragrance Compositions - Google Patents
This title introduces the underlying theory and demonstrates practical applications in different process industries using hybrid modeling. It reviews hybrid modeling approach applicability in wide range of process industries, recommends how to increase hybrid model performance and throw Insights into cost efficient practices in modeling techniques. Discusses advance process operation maximizing the benefits of available process knowledge and Includes real-life and practical case studies. Her research interests are particularly in the areas of bioprocess modeling, monitoring, whole process development, and optimization. She has published extensively in this area and over the years collaborated with a wide range of industrial partners in real-life bioprocess development and modeling applications.
However, what is apparently a simple procedure enclosed in magic and pure artistic creativity is rapidly transformed into a complex, lengthy and costly process. Given the high number of raw materials available to perfumers with different physicochemical properties, it is easy to imagine the high number of combinations needed to reach the idealized scent.
Skin absorbs these man-made chemicals in a few ways: by direct application, by contact with fragranced items, and by exposure to air containing fragrances and that can accumulate in your body organs. They can trigger allergic reactions, migraines, asthma attacks, nausea, eczema, and a whole host of other sensitivities.
Молча обернулся, бросил взгляд на погруженную во тьму шифровалку и, нагнувшись приподнял тяжелую крышку люка. Она описала дугу и, когда он отпустил руку, с грохотом закрыла люк. Шифровалка снова превратилась в затихшую черную пещеру. Скорее всего Северная Дакота попал в ловушку.
- Кто-нибудь может мне объяснить, что это. ВАС МОЖЕТ СПАСТИ ТОЛЬКО ПРАВДА ВВЕДИТЕ КЛЮЧ______ Джабба не дождался ответа. - Похоже, кто-то очень нами недоволен, директор. Это шантаж.