From Blessings to Beers Built during a boom in the PIttsburgh industrial sector, a restored church now houses a successful brewery. Alex Shanahan. Most Popular. Sony Built a Car. Business Intelligence.
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- Manufacturing & Pollution
- Welcome to BMW GROUP Plant Spartanburg.
- Water meters NWM Europe
- From Concept to Creation, Taking AM to Full-Scale Production
- Manufacturing Technology Products
- The Beauty of Flexible Manufacturing
- RO Plant, Industrial RO Plant, RO Water Plant Manufacturer in India
- Pump Manufacturer EDUR
- Manufacturers Want to Quit China for Vietnam. They’re Finding It Impossible.
Manufacturing & PollutionVIDEO ON THE TOPIC: Complete Bottled Water Production Line From A to Z
A factory, manufacturing plant or a production plant is an industrial site, usually consisting of buildings and machinery, or more commonly a complex having several buildings, where workers manufacture goods or operate machines processing one product into another. Factories arose with the introduction of machinery during the Industrial Revolution when the capital and space requirements became too great for cottage industry or workshops.
Early factories that contained small amounts of machinery, such as one or two spinning mules , and fewer than a dozen workers have been called "glorified workshops".
Most modern factories have large warehouses or warehouse -like facilities that contain heavy equipment used for assembly line production. Large factories tend to be located with access to multiple modes of transportation, with some having rail, highway and water loading and unloading facilities. In some countries like Australia, it is common to call a factory building a " Shed  ".
Factories may either make discrete products or some type of material continuously produced such as chemicals , pulp and paper , or refined oil products. Factories manufacturing chemicals are often called plants and may have most of their equipment — tanks, pressure vessels , chemical reactors , pumps and piping — outdoors and operated from control rooms. Oil refineries have most of their equipment outdoors. Discrete products may be final consumer goods, or parts and sub-assemblies which are made into final products elsewhere.
Factories may be supplied parts from elsewhere or make them from raw materials. Continuous production industries typically use heat or electricity to transform streams of raw materials into finished products.
The term mill originally referred to the milling of grain, which usually used natural resources such as water or wind power until those were displaced by steam power in the 19th century. Because many processes like spinning and weaving, iron rolling, and paper manufacturing were originally powered by water, the term survives as in steel mill , paper mill , etc.
Max Weber considered production during ancient times as never warranting classification as factories, with methods of production and the contemporary economic situation incomparable to modern or even pre-modern developments of industry. In ancient times, the earliest production limited to the household, developed into a separate endeavour independent to the place of inhabitation with production at that time only beginning to be characteristic of industry, termed as "unfree shop industry", a situation caused especially under the reign of the Egyptian pharaoh, with slave employment and no differentiation of skills within the slave group comparable to modern definitions as division of labour.
According to translations of Demosthenes and Herodotus, Naucratis was a, or the only, factory in the entirety of ancient Egypt. The first machine is stated by one source to have been traps used to assist with the capturing of animals, corresponding to the machine as a mechanism operating independently or with very little force by interaction from a human, with a capacity for use repeatedly with operation exactly the same on every occasion of functioning.
The Iron Age began approximately — BC. The watermill was first made in the Persian Empire some time before BC. The earliest proper factory milling installations appeared in the Islamic world from the 8th century onwards. A 10th-century grain-processing factory in the Egyptian town of Bilbays , for example, produced an estimated tons of grain and flour per day.
The Venice Arsenal also provides one of the first examples of a factory in the modern sense of the word. Founded in in Venice , Republic of Venice , several hundred years before the Industrial Revolution , it mass-produced ships on assembly lines using manufactured parts.
The Venice Arsenal apparently produced nearly one ship every day and, at its height, employed 16, people. One of the earliest factories was John Lombe 's water-powered silk mill at Derby , operational by By , an integrated brass mill was working at Warmley near Bristol.
Raw material went in at one end, was smelted into brass and was turned into pans, pins, wire, and other goods. Housing was provided for workers on site. Josiah Wedgwood in Staffordshire and Matthew Boulton at his Soho Manufactory were other prominent early industrialists, who employed the factory system. The factory system began widespread use somewhat later when cotton spinning was mechanized.
Richard Arkwright is the person credited with inventing the prototype of the modern factory. After he patented his water frame in , he established Cromford Mill , in Derbyshire , England, significantly expanding the village of Cromford to accommodate the migrant workers new to the area. The factory system was a new way of organizing workforce made necessary by the development of machines which were too large to house in a worker's cottage.
Working hours were as long as they had been for the farmer, that is, from dawn to dusk, six days per week. Overall, this practice essentially reduced skilled and unskilled workers to replaceable commodities. Arkwright's factory was the first successful cotton spinning factory in the world; it showed unequivocally the way ahead for industry and was widely copied.
Between and mechanized factories supplanted traditional artisan shops as the predominant form of manufacturing institution, because the larger-scale factories enjoyed a significant technological and supervision advantage over the small artisan shops. Later generations of factories included mechanized shoe production and manufacturing of machinery, including machine tools.
Factories that supplied the railroad industry included rolling mills, foundries and locomotive works. Agricultural-equipment factories produced cast-steel plows and reapers.
Bicycles were mass-produced beginning in the s. The Nasmyth, Gaskell and Company's Bridgewater Foundry , which began operation in , was one of the earliest factories to use modern materials handling such as cranes and rail tracks through the buildings for handling heavy items.
Large scale electrification of factories began around after the development of the AC motor which was able to run at constant speed depending on the number of poles and the current electrical frequency. Eliminating line shafts freed factories of layout constraints and allowed factory layout to be more efficient. Electrification enabled sequential automation using relay logic. Henry Ford further revolutionized the factory concept in the early 20th century, with the innovation of the mass production.
Highly specialized laborers situated alongside a series of rolling ramps would build up a product such as in Ford's case an automobile. This concept dramatically decreased production costs for virtually all manufactured goods and brought about the age of consumerism. In the mid - to late 20th century, industrialized countries introduced next-generation factories with two improvements:.
Some speculation  as to the future of the factory includes scenarios with rapid prototyping , nanotechnology , and orbital zero- gravity facilities .
Before the advent of mass transportation , factories' needs for ever-greater concentrations of laborers meant that they typically grew up in an urban setting or fostered their own urbanization. Industrial slums developed, and reinforced their own development through the interactions between factories, as when one factory's output or waste-product became the raw materials of another factory preferably nearby. The exception proved the rule: even greenfield factory sites such as Bournville , founded in a rural setting, developed its own housing and profited from convenient communications systems.
Regulation curbed some of the worst excesses of industrialization 's factory-based society, a series of Factory Acts leading the way in Britain. Trams , automobiles and town planning encouraged the separate development of industrial suburbs and residential suburbs, with laborers commuting between them. Though factories dominated the Industrial Era, the growth in the service sector eventually began to dethrone them: [ verification needed ] the focus of labor in general shifted to central-city office towers or to semi-rural campus-style establishments, and many factories stood deserted in local rust belts.
The next blow to the traditional factories came from globalization. Manufacturing processes or their logical successors, assembly plants in the late 20th century re-focussed in many instances on Special Economic Zones in developing countries or on maquiladoras just across the national boundaries of industrialized states. Further re-location to the least industrialized nations appears possible as the benefits of out-sourcing and the lessons of flexible location apply in the future.
Much of management theory developed in response to the need to control factory processes. A shadow factory is a term given to dispersed manufacturing sites in times of war to reduce the risk of disruption due to enemy air-raids and often with the dual purpose of increasing manufacturing capacity.
Production of the Supermarine Spitfire at its parent company's base at Woolston, Southampton was vulnerable to enemy attack as a high-profile target and was well within range of Luftwaffe bombers.
Indeed, on 26 September this facility was completely destroyed by an enemy bombing raid. Supermarine had already established a plant at Castle Bromwich ; this action prompted them to further disperse Spitfire production around the country with many premises being requisitioned by the British Government.
Connected to the Spitfire was production of its equally important Rolls-Royce Merlin engine, Rolls-Royce 's main aero engine facility was located at Derby , the need for increased output was met by building new factories in Crewe and Glasgow and using a purpose-built factory of Ford of Britain in Trafford Park Manchester. Coldharbour Mill textile factory, built in Adolph von Menzel : Moderne Cyklopen.
Workers in the fuse factory, Woolwich Arsenal late s. Hyundai 's Assembly line about From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about places of manufacture. For other uses, see Factory disambiguation. Main article: Factory system. See also: Industrial Revolution. Main article: Assembly line. Main article: British shadow factories. Zeche Ewald in Herten , exterior Zeche Ewald in Herten , interior Business and economics portal. Asset Building. The New York Times.
Retrieved 14 October Understanding the role of production and craft specialization in ancient socio-economic systems: toward the integration of spatial analysis, 3D modeling and virtual reality in archaeology MA.
University of California San Diego. Psychology Press. PHI Learning Pvt. Review of Radical Political Economics. Retrieved 2 February Science and Technology in the Industrial Revolution. University of Toronto Press. The Henry Ford. October Government Office for Science UK. Smithsonian Magazine. Bournville Village Trust. Aspects of workplaces. Aspects of corporations Aspects of jobs Aspects of occupations Aspects of organizations Employment.
Categories : Manufacturing plants Industrial buildings Manufacturing buildings and structures Industrial Revolution.
Descriptions of manufacturing processes 1. This analysis had to identify the amount, type and quality of energy required so as to identify possible energy savings compatible to the respective cost-benefit analysis. The following process descriptions of the manufacture of sawn timber, plywood and particleboard are of a general nature and should provide the reader with a broad outline of the production processes involved in the mechanical wood-based industry and the role in which energy plays a part. Sawmilling is a less sophisticated activity of the mechanical forest industries.
Welcome to BMW GROUP Plant Spartanburg.
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Water meters NWM Europe
Arcadius Kahan , Richard Hellie. In this extraordinary rich and subtle work, Arcadius Kahan analyzes a massive collection of documents which revise traditional interpretations of eighteenth-century Russian economic history. Kahan stresses economic rationality in the context of social constraints, offering the fullest and most convincing explanation yet of the economic foundations of Russia's power. He shows that what have been taken as major failings in the Russian economy were in fact resourceful and even ingenious methods of circumventing deeply rooted structural obstacles to change. Kahan also escapes two extremes that have bedeviled Russian historians since the nineteenth century: he avoids depicting the state as an autonomous structure that acted with impunity upon a passive society, and he refutes the notion of the state as a mere instrument for advancing selfish class interests. Banking and Credit. The Political Order.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Fast Extreme Automatic Car Manufacturing Factory, Modern Mercedes Benz Assembly Technology
Invest with confidence in an end-to-end solution provider to guide the way. Let Carpenter help minimize the risk from start to finish. With experts on hand to support the selection and qualification of AM powders, Carpenter Additive has the experience to adapt existing chemistries and to develop new materials that enable customers to achieve their desired mechanical properties. Carpenter Additive can support customers throughout all stages of the AM lifecycle. From providing guidance on the right material selection for the needs of specific applications to optimizing AM build processes and parameters. Guidance is available to support users on their AM journey, ensuring the reliability of final builds. With full machining, heat-treatment, HIP, post-build clean-up and inspection capabilities, totally mechanical, physical characterization and complete qualification data packages are available. The most common method of metal powder production, producing mostly spherical powder The elemental feedstock is melted under an air or inert gas blanket, or under vacuum.
From Concept to Creation, Taking AM to Full-Scale Production
Manufacturing is no longer simply about making physical products. Changes in consumer demand, the nature of products, the economics of production, and the economics of the supply chain have led to a fundamental shift in the way companies do business. Customers demand personalization and customization as the line between consumer and creator continues to blur. As technology continues to advance exponentially, barriers to entry, commercialization, and learning are eroding.
A factory, manufacturing plant or a production plant is an industrial site, usually consisting of buildings and machinery, or more commonly a complex having several buildings, where workers manufacture goods or operate machines processing one product into another. Factories arose with the introduction of machinery during the Industrial Revolution when the capital and space requirements became too great for cottage industry or workshops. Early factories that contained small amounts of machinery, such as one or two spinning mules , and fewer than a dozen workers have been called "glorified workshops". Most modern factories have large warehouses or warehouse -like facilities that contain heavy equipment used for assembly line production. Large factories tend to be located with access to multiple modes of transportation, with some having rail, highway and water loading and unloading facilities. In some countries like Australia, it is common to call a factory building a " Shed  ". Factories may either make discrete products or some type of material continuously produced such as chemicals , pulp and paper , or refined oil products. Factories manufacturing chemicals are often called plants and may have most of their equipment — tanks, pressure vessels , chemical reactors , pumps and piping — outdoors and operated from control rooms.
Paul E. For nearly two centuries, the New England economy revolved around coastal seaport towns, scattered farms, town centers, and a forest industry geared to turning tall trees into masts for His Majesty's Navy. The American Revolution eliminated the need for masts, but technologies imported from England for twisting cotton and woolen fibers into yarn initiated a major change in the newly-independent country's textile industry. Mills and factories replaced crops and trees, changing the people and landscape of New England forever. Dramatic technological advances in textile production spurred revolutions in land use, commerce, transportation, business organization, and family life.
Manufacturing Technology Products
In , the Revolutionary War drew to a close, but America was still threatened by enemies at home and abroad. The emerging nation faced tax rebellions, Indian warfare, and hostilities with France and England. In an era when armies literally froze in the field, military preparedness depended on blankets and jackets, the importation of which the British Empire had coordinated for over years. Without a ready supply of guns, the new nation could not defend itself; without its own textiles, it was at the economic mercy of the British. Domestic industry offered the best solution for true economic and military independence. Moving from the late s through the Mexican-American War, Schakenbach Regele argues that both industries developed as a result of what she calls "national security capitalism": a mixed enterprise system in which government agents and private producers brokered solutions to the problems of war and international economic disparities. War and State Department officials played particularly key roles in the emergence of American industry, facilitating arms makers and power loom weavers in the quest to develop industrial resources. Examining these issues through the lens of geopolitics, Manufacturing Advantage places the rise of industry in the United States in the context of territorial expansion, diplomacy, and warfare. Ultimately, the book reveals the complex link between government intervention and private initiative in a country struggling to create a political economy that balanced military competence with commercial needs.
The Beauty of Flexible Manufacturing
RO Plant, Industrial RO Plant, RO Water Plant Manufacturer in India
The manufacturing process turns raw materials into useful goods. But some of the by-products of manufacturing — waste materials left over or substances produced by the manufacturing process itself — may be harmful to the environment. Manufacturing contributes to air and water pollution, but regulations that limit the amount of pollutants released into the air and water have reduced the problem. Many manufacturing processes involve heating raw materials to transform them into more useful forms.
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BMW Manufacturing employs 11, people at the seven million square-foot campus. With more than 25 years of world class manufacturing experience, our associates take pride in building premium quality vehicles. We are customer focused, not only producing safe vehicles, but proud to provide the thrill of owning the Ultimate Driving Machine.
Manufacturers Want to Quit China for Vietnam. They’re Finding It Impossible.
See, which brands obtain and sell their products. Imagine you could identify manufacturers based on their proven specialization and their former customers.