Technological advances have made possible industrial and commercial applications of artificial intelligence, virtual reality and highly integrated manufacturing systems. It has also freed business activity from a focus on place, as both work activities and markets have been able to harness information and communication technologies in order to operate remotely. Some have pointed to a fourth Industrial Revolution Industry 4. There is now a suggestion of progress towards Industry 5. Do smart systems promote sustainable organizations?
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Tackling Change ManagementVIDEO ON THE TOPIC: What is Mesh Wifi (& Why You Should Absolutely Get One)
OVERVIEW SkyStream Networks develops and sells a new category of networking products that enable the Internet to connect with broadcast networks, such as cable, satellite and digital television networks. This converged network, called the Broadcast Internet, enhances the delivery of multimedia-rich and other data intensive content.
Our products enable service providers to combine the quality, scalability and efficiency of broadcast networks with the interactivity and personalization of the Internet to deliver multimedia-rich content simultaneously to a large number of users.
We enable the Broadcast Internet through our source media routers, which aggregate and distribute content across broadcast networks, and edge media routers, which receive content from broadcast networks and redistribute this content over the existing Internet infrastructure.
We also develop Broadcast Internet management software that manages content delivery across the converged network. We produce our source media routers and we currently procure our edge media routers from an original equipment manufacturer. Our source media router enables broadcasters to combine Internet content with their existing video programming through standards based interoperable interfaces. These media routers also connect to a broad range of proprietary legacy broadcast equipment as well as non-proprietary standards based equipment.
With our fully interoperable platform, broadcast service providers can quickly add new revenue generating data services. At the same time, they can lower their infrastructure costs by purchasing non-proprietary best-of-breed standards based equipment and connecting it to their network by using our source media router.
Our products are used by broadcast service providers, Internet service providers, telecommunication service providers and content distribution providers around the world. Internet service providers, telecommunication service providers and content distribution providers can use our products to leverage the Broadcast Internet as an additional high speed backbone to deliver multimedia content closer to the user. Our products have been sold to over 60 end user service providers around the world as of December 31, We sell our products through a direct sales force as well as through system integrators and resellers.
The growth of data traffic over the Internet is driven by a number of factors, including: - the increase in the number of consumers accessing the Internet on a more frequent basis; - the increase in the number of businesses using the Internet not only to reach customers, but also to conduct business transactions with partners, vendors and suppliers as well as to support telecommuters; - the proliferation of new wired and wireless Internet enabled devices; - the increase in the availability and use of broadband Internet access services; - the proliferation of increasingly complex multimedia-rich content; and - the emergence of new Internet based applications designed to simultaneously reach large audiences.
Delivery of this new class of content requires significantly more bandwidth. In addition, while the Internet has historically been used for e-mail and basic information retrieval, which are point-to-point exchanges between a user and a host server, new applications are emerging, such as online learning and live multimedia webcasts, that require the rich content to reach up to millions of users simultaneously. These applications require point-to-multipoint exchanges, also known as multicasting.
We believe that as Internet users become more demanding and competition for viewers becomes more intense, the breadth, complexity and frequency of multicasting rich content will increase.
This emerging content will place further demands on the Internet infrastructure in terms of bandwidth, scalability and predictability of content delivery. The following table depicts examples of the traditional Internet content and the corresponding multimedia-rich, point-to-multipoint content that is emerging. The traditional Internet is built to handle the movement of data from one point to another using the Internet Protocol, or IP, standard. When the same data is sent to several locations, it is done by sending additional copies of that data, separately, on each path that connects the sender to the individual receivers.
As the number of simultaneous receiver locations increases to the millions, as may be desired for live events, webcasting and other multicast-based applications, the existing Internet infrastructure cannot scale to meet the bandwidth demands.
The path between each user's personal computer and the computer that holds the requested content is a series of interconnected computer networks. The content itself is comprised of many data packets that move from one network to another in a hop-by-hop manner. Not all networks have the same capacity to carry data and not all devices that interconnect these networks have the same capacity to process the data at similar speeds. If any of the intermediate hops experiences congestion, as is the case when a large number of users tries to access the same content, some of the data packets can be arbitrarily dropped or delayed.
These errors introduce a degree of unpredictability and unreliability in content delivery. In recent years, large investments have been made to improve the physical infrastructure of the Internet and to increase the amount of available bandwidth. Advances in networking technologies such as gigabit and terabit-speed routing, optical networking, broadband access, web caching and content replication have delivered solutions that greatly increase the Internet's capacity to carry high bandwidth content from point-to-point.
However, these solutions do not address the fundamental need of emerging applications to deliver multimedia-rich and other data intensive content to a large number of users simultaneously, in a scalable and predictable manner.
For example, recent attempts to deliver streaming audio and video content over the Internet to many listeners and viewers simultaneously, such as the Victoria's Secret webcast, the NetAid concert webcast, the "Star Wars: The Phantom Menace" movie trailer release and the Super Bowl webcast, experienced significant difficulties in delivering a uniform and high quality experience.
In the aftermath of each of these attempts, it was widely reported in the press that many Internet users could not gain access to the content and that those who did gain access received poor quality and unsynchronized audio and video. The current Internet infrastructure is designed to facilitate interactivity and communications between users in a network we refer to as the Transaction Internet.
The Transaction Internet experiences particular congestion when delivering this event based or streaming content over the traditional Internet infrastructure.
In addition, after being frustrated by their past attempts to download multimedia-rich content, Internet users may limit their future viewing of such content.
Traditional broadcast networks, including television, cable and satellite networks, have been explicitly designed over the last 50 years to deliver high quality, synchronized audio and video content to large populations of listeners and viewers. In addition, over the last five years many of these networks have migrated from analog to digital transmission systems, thus greatly enhancing their ability to carry new types of digital content.
The ability to offer Internet enhanced broadcast content would create incremental revenue opportunities for the service providers that own and operate these networks. However, broadcast service providers face enormous technological challenges in extending their networks' capability to deliver traditional broadcast content as well as Internet content.
One such challenge is broadcasters' need to find bandwidth to offer Internet services in addition to their traditional broadcast content, which typically consumes substantially all of their available bandwidth. Current digital broadcast technology is unable to offer broadcasters the full use of their transmission bandwidth.
As a result, typically between two and ten percent of their available bandwidth goes unused, filled instead with empty place holders called null packets.
Digital broadcast service providers typically operate networks that are optimized for the one way transmission of television oriented services using the Moving Picture Experts Group, or MPEG, standard. In addition, traditional broadcast networks are not interactive because they only offer a one way channel of content delivery and generally lack a return path for data communications from users.
Current broadcast networks are built using systems that are predominantly closed and proprietary. These systems limit broadcast service providers' ability to use best-of-breed equipment to offer new services. Furthermore, broadcast service providers have an installed base of equipment, which limits the change they can make to their networks and requires any incremental changes to be completely compatible with their existing equipment and services.
Also, in the short run, because end users expect near perfect service reliability, broadcast service providers cannot afford to turn off on-going services in order to turn on new Internet based services.
The broadcast network infrastructures, conversely, are capable of delivering high quality video programming to many users simultaneously, but these networks are not designed to provide interactivity to enrich the users' experiences. A new category of networking products is therefore required to overcome the challenges facing both the Internet and broadcast networks. These products would enable broadcast networks to be connected with the Internet, creating the Broadcast Internet that seamlessly combines the powerful benefits of each network.
Our products and technology enable broadcast networks to connect with the Internet, creating the Broadcast Internet, which offers a cost effective, reliable and seamless path for multimedia-rich content to be delivered to traditional Internet service providers and end users. By enabling the Broadcast Internet, our solution allows content to be delivered across multiple paths, as the diagram below depicts.
Cable, satellite and digital television broadcasters can use our products to offer multicast high speed content or interactive Internet applications. With our products that use the MPEG standard, broadcasters can combine digital video streams based on MPEG and data based on IP in a cost effective and seamless manner for content transmission over the Broadcast Internet. Internet service providers, telecommunications service providers and content distribution providers can utilize our solution as an incremental high speed backbone to deliver content and services to the end user.
Our source media routers and software are capable of delivering rich Internet content to a very large number of locations, which could include service providers and end users, across broadcast networks in a scalable manner. Because our solutions typically use the broadcast network for delivery, the amount of bandwidth required to broadcast a specific set of content with our products is fixed, irrespective of the number of receiving locations.
Our solutions eliminate congestion, arbitrary packet loss and delay variances that may otherwise occur when the same content is delivered to the same locations over the point-to-point best-efforts Internet network. Our source media routers and software are purpose-built to be seamlessly inserted into a service provider's existing network and to interoperate with all industry standard digital video and Internet infrastructure equipment, including network management, subscriber management, digital video multiplexing and encryption systems.
Our solutions enable broadcasters to use their existing equipment along with new multiple vendor and best-of-breed broadcast and Internet equipment, thus reducing future equipment costs and protecting their capital investment in existing equipment. Further, our products seamlessly merge Internet and broadcast content for delivery over broadcast networks, without affecting the quality of the underlying audio, video or Internet data being transmitted.
Our source media routers and software enable broadcast networks to provide the high bandwidth capacity needed to handle a full range of emerging multimedia-rich content in a secure environment.
In addition, through our null packet optimization technology, our products enable the broadcaster to harvest significant amounts of otherwise unavailable broadcast bandwidth. By enabling an interoperable Broadcast Internet, our solutions offer compelling new Internet content delivery opportunities. We believe that web site owners will quickly adapt to the availability of significant additional high quality network capacity by including more full motion video, high quality audio and photo quality graphics in their web sites and services.
In addition, our solutions make it possible for service providers to offer new interactive and personalized services and thereby profit from incremental revenues without making fundamental changes to their infrastructures. This enhanced content is typically viewed by end users through a television set with a digital set top box or through a personal computer. This content then may be immediately distributed over the Internet infrastructure as requested by end users, or it may be cached and held until requested at a later time.
For example, cable service providers use our solutions to improve multimedia-rich content delivery to digital set top basics and cable modems while interoperating with existing equipment, such as video encoders, multiplexers and security systems.
We have developed products that merge the traditional Internet with broadcast networks, creating a combined medium called the Broadcast Internet that is optimized for multiple types of content. We intend to apply our early market leadership position, differentiated technology and customer focus to build solutions that expand the efficiency, performance and accessibility of the Broadcast Internet.
Our products are fully interoperable with all industry standard networking and broadcast equipment and create an integration point for IP and MPEG based content using industry standards.
Our open platform enables the users of our products to seamlessly integrate and deliver content securely over cable, satellite and digital television networks. We will continue to develop products that are interoperable with new and legacy equipment.
We will also strive to lead the adoption of industry standards. We believe that our products represent a compelling value proposition that is applicable to every multicast or broadcast stream delivered over service provider networks. To further penetrate our target markets and increase awareness of our solutions across a range of customers, we intend to expand our global direct and indirect sales and distribution channels. We also plan to educate and support content developers to purpose-build content for the Broadcast Internet in order to increase demand for our solutions across existing and new customer segments.
We have established relationships with many of the leading broadcast and Internet equipment vendors that service the Broadcast Internet. We believe a broad range of relationships, including those we have with General Instrument, Lucent Technologies and Real Networks, will further facilitate end-to-end delivery of content and value added services across the Broadcast Internet.
We believe these relationships are also important to extend our open platform. We plan to leverage and expand existing and new relationships to extend our leadership in enabling the Broadcast Internet. As our interoperable media routers and software are deployed throughout our customers' networks, we believe that our customers can introduce new broadcast and Internet services and generate incremental revenues.
At the same time, with our fully interoperable architecture, our customers can lower costs by utilizing our null packet optimization technology to harvest otherwise wasted bandwidth and by integrating existing legacy equipment with best-of-breed components from their suppliers of choice. We will continue to work closely with our customers to identify, enhance and develop solutions that increase revenue generating opportunities and lower infrastructure costs by reducing dependence on proprietary systems.
PRODUCTS We develop and sell source media routers and software that allow rich Internet content to be broadcast to millions of users simultaneously, securely and with low latency across existing broadcast networks.
Our flagship product line of source media routers, the DBN series, enables cable, satellite and digital television broadcasters to add IP data broadcast services to their existing programming by inserting IP data into their MPEG transmission streams. We also provide edge media routers that enable Internet service providers and telecommunications service providers to remotely receive Internet protocol data services from broadcasters and deliver them throughout their networks.
Our family of Broadcast Internet management software enables broadcasters to aggregate, schedule and broadcast web and data services, or channels, to a target set of receiving locations on their network. Source media routers are segmented by function as well as by market segment served, as summarized in the table below: [Table depicting market served and function of media routers] Our source media routers are typically deployed in a rack at the service providers' network transmission point such as a satellite uplink or cable headend facility.
Our source media router line of products is sold as a complete, integrated solution that does not require any additional hardware or software to integrate with a broadcaster's uplink network. In addition to our standard features, we sell upgrade hardware and software features such as IP Quality of Service and fixed key conditional access security to improve services or performance in the delivery of IP channels. Each source media router is typically deployed in the network with a fully redundant second unit.
Our edge media router products are capable of remotely receiving and routing broadcast data content, typically originating from a SkyStream source media router, and routing content through either the existing Internet access network or directly to a corporate end user via a local area network. The edge media router is typically situated in a rack in a service provider's facility.
Each edge media router is typically configured to receive content from a specific Broadcast Internet service provider.
This frame type is used to transmit user data between controlling and controlled station. This is accomplished by that committee validating that the standard tests are applied in a consistent, transparent and fair manner, and thereby conforming products meet the goals of the. IEC appears to provide the solutions to effect change. The Multilin Motor Protection System is a protection device designed for the management, protection and control of medium to large horsepower motors. One of the most important BACnet features is a high degree of versatility and flexibility: the protocol supports a large number of objects and data types, and provides a poll of various physical parameters. The introduction of serial communication some years ago resulted in the use of propri-etary protocols for the communication of con-.
OVERVIEW SkyStream Networks develops and sells a new category of networking products that enable the Internet to connect with broadcast networks, such as cable, satellite and digital television networks. This converged network, called the Broadcast Internet, enhances the delivery of multimedia-rich and other data intensive content. Our products enable service providers to combine the quality, scalability and efficiency of broadcast networks with the interactivity and personalization of the Internet to deliver multimedia-rich content simultaneously to a large number of users. We enable the Broadcast Internet through our source media routers, which aggregate and distribute content across broadcast networks, and edge media routers, which receive content from broadcast networks and redistribute this content over the existing Internet infrastructure.
Communication software modules
Executive Team. Our Executive team brings together outstanding management and technical personnel with over man-years of experience. Our managers have founded numerous successful companies and have designed, developed and supported products in use on a worldwide basis. Our technical personnel have designed, developed and managed online real time voice and data communication products in use worldwide, servicing millions of users. Control system experience is a common element for the entire team.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: OSI Model Explained - OSI Animation - Open System Interconnection Model - OSI 7 layers - TechTerms
In the environment of the automation of industrial processes, the communication between the devices that intervene in the control of these systems, is a key issue to allow not only a correct operation, but also the supervision and control of these processes. The communications between devices are carried out through the use of different industrial communications protocols. A communication protocol is a set of rules that allows the transfer and exchange of data between the devices to communicate. As technological development in the field of electronics has progressed, automated control of industrial processes has been imposed on traditional production methods. In the early stages of the introduction of this technology in the industry, automation was limited to local control of certain machines or production lines, leading to automatic systems isolated from each other, which could not share information to optimize the development of work on a larger scale. It is for this reason that the next step on the road to a fully automated industry was to interconnect these isolated systems. This step has allowed, in addition to a more efficient management of production processes, a better availability of information from field devices, centrally at the plant level.
Mobile communications page
Space information network SIN is an integrated network system of various space information platforms e. Spectrum usage and management becomes a more and more serious issue in SIN mainly for the following reasons: i the paradox between spectrum shortage and spectrum under-utilization, ii the complex electromagnetic spectrum environment with tremendous spectrum devices and ubiquitous spectrum interference, and iii the spectrum disorder and spectrum attack. In this paper, we propose to empower SIN with big spectrum data analytics for dynamic spectrum sharing, real-time spectrum monitoring, and intelligent spectrum control.
As part of the agreement, Sanmina will assemble and test EnergyPods at its Silicon Valley manufacturing facilities. We anticipate a long and mutually beneficial collaboration. Sanmina provides a broad range of solutions for companies in the energy markets, including solar, wind, oil and gas, fuel cell, LED lighting and battery systems. With three decades of experience across a wide range of industries, Sanmina works with customers to design and launch new products, reducing time to market and producing more robust designs. They include municipal and investor-owned utilities, as well as microgrids at military bases. About Primus Power Primus Power is a leader in low-cost, grid-scale energy storage solutions with a scalable, distributed, multi-hour system that economically serves multiple storage applications. Recognized as a technology leader, Sanmina provides end-to-end manufacturing solutions, delivering superior quality and support to Original Equipment Manufacturers OEMs primarily in the communications networks, defense and aerospace, industrial and semiconductor systems, medical, multimedia, computing and storage, automotive and clean technology sectors. Sanmina has facilities strategically located in key regions throughout the world. Huntsville, Ala. These recent awards total more than fully equipped ICS kits for a variety of U. Army and U.
CAN Bus: The Central Networking System of Vehicles
A comprehensive guide to current systems, networks and topologies, this book covers application requirements for communication and related radio-navigation and surveillance functions in aeronautical systems. There is also an insight into future possibilities as technologies progress and airspace operation and control scenarios change. Ideal for civil aviation authorities, airspace management providers and regulatory organizations, Aeronautical Radio Communication Systems and Networks will also appeal to aircraft and radio equipment manufacturers and university students studying aeronautical or electronic engineering. Aeronautical Radio Communication Systems and Networks. Dale Stacey. Typically, there are over twenty radio systems on board the average commercial jet aircraft dealing with communication, navigation and surveillance functions. Very high frequency VHF air-to-ground communication is usually the main method of information and control exchange between pilot and air traffic control. Satellite and high frequency radio links are used to complement this system for long range or oceanic information exchanges.
Tutorial on big spectrum data analytics for space information networks
The good old traditional analog days are in the past. Today, digital technology dictates many aspects of human lives. From entertainment to transportation, there is no escape from the digital age. Back then, car sensors were minimal and system upgrades were simple. Fast forward a couple decades and automobiles have become more technologically developed and environmentally conscious. All but the most basic vehicles have in-vehicle computers that rely on various sensors to deliver real-time precision adjustments. However, connecting all individual sensors would be too complex, so a central communication network became necessary to efficiently run the vehicle. Therefore, in , a group of engineers at Robert Bosch GmbH German engineering and electronics company worked on the CAN bus protocol to deliver a communication system between electronic control units ECU located throughout a vehicle that would enable system-wide data transmission.
Posted by Conrad Stolze Oct 16, Education 0. This month we will try to tackle a very challenging topic: change management.
Industrial Internet of Things IIoT applications, featured with data-centric innovations, are leveraging the observability, control, and analytics, as well as the safety of industrial operations. The wireless system design for IIoT applications is inherently a joint effort between operational technology OT engineers, information technology IT system architects, and wireless network planners. In this paper, we propose a new reference framework for the wireless system design in IIoT use cases.
WebGateway is a module software which allows Cardioline devices to interface with work list and store service providers, inserting these into a work flow, which is fully integrated with these systems. The solutions are software based, therefore future-proof. Attendees can watch and discuss in real time the surgeons intervention.
June 30, Distrix enables customers to swiftly integrate Mocana's encryption and authentication technology without requiring any rework to existing systems. This joint solution is already being used by Cahon Systems based in El Cajon, CA to retrofit large unmanned aerial vehicles and other assets in-the-field to secure voice and data communications between UAVs and ground stations in real-time operational scenarios. By isolating the application logic from the environmental implementation, System Builder enables developers to change operational details such as the deployment platform and Quality of Service parameters without impacting application and interface logic.