It has been long time since food industry byproduct converted into energy and value added products. Potato processing is newly emerging food processing factories in developing countries, and potato is the fourth important crop globally. A dramatic food demand increment had shown in the past two decades. This leads to increase the number of food processing industries. Nowadays, food processing industries particularly processed potato manufactures are expanding and generate a huge volume of potato peel.
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The 52 million tonnes of potatoes harvested across the EU in was about one-third This article describes the potato sector in the European Union. A range of agricultural data from a number of Eurostat agricultural statistics farm structure survey , annual crop production statistics, agricultural prices and economic accounts for agriculture are used, as well as trade and industrial production statistics, to depict the various stages in the process of bringing potatoes from the field to the market.
Potato production is mainly concentrated in seven Member States; Belgium, Germany, France, the Netherlands, Poland, Romania and the United Kingdom accounted for about three-quarters of the area planted Potatoes were cultivated on 1. This corresponded to 1. This share was much higher in the Netherlands About three-quarters The area of potatoes in the EU has been in long-term decline.
The cultivated area almost halved between and with, among the principal producer countries, particularly sharp reductions in Poland Nevertheless there were some exceptions see Figure 2 , with increases in the area of potatoes planted in both France particularly since and Belgium particularly since With a downward trend in the area of potatoes cultivated, harvested production in the EU has also been in decline, albeit with annual fluctuations that were also influenced by weather conditions.
Between and , the harvested production of potatoes in the EU declined by just over one-third The harvested production of potatoes in the EU was Germany was the largest producer of potatoes in the EU in at 8. Almost 1. Indeed, the average area of potatoes cultivated on farms in Poland was 0. By contrast, there were some Member States where holdings growing potatoes did so on a relatively large scale: in Denmark the average area of potatoes was Only 2. Organic potato production remains a relatively small segment of the market in most Member States.
Only 20 holdings produced potatoes under organic farming conditions, with just over one half of these located in either Poland In Austria, however, farms producing organic potatoes accounted for one-fifth The value at basic prices i. This represented 2. Almost one half Selling prices for potatoes fluctuated significantly over time and between countries, on both producer and consumer markets see Table 4 , in part reflecting the strong annual fluctuations in production see Figure 3.
There are also often differences in price development between the two markets for the same year and Member State,. Member States traded about 7 million tonnes of potatoes between themselves Intra EU trade in , the market value of which was EUR 1.
Standard table main crop potatoes accounted for two-thirds Three Member States accounted for two-thirds of intra-EU exports of potatoes in value terms: France Whereas France and Germany were the main export traders in main crop potatoes Slightly more than three-quarters The EU is a net exporter of seed and main crop potatoes and the Netherlands was the leading trader.
The EU is a net exporter of potatoes. In , it exported 1. These exports were mainly seed potatoes Exports of early and starch potatoes were almost negligible. Norway was the largest importer of main crop potatoes Given the principal export markets, the vast majority of potato exports were transported by sea Among the Member States, the Netherlands was the leading exporter  to countries outside the EU, accounting for more than half of all extra-EU exports of potatoes, both in terms of value To put this in some context, the next largest exporter was France, accounting for a little more than one-seventh of extra-EU potato exports Processed potatoes mainly as frozen chips and crisps were worth EUR 10 billion in , or 1.
Besides being consumed directly and traded as a raw commodity, potatoes are processed into four main types of product: frozen potatoes, dried potatoes, prepared or preserved potatoes, and potato starch see Table 7.
Frozen chips and crisps were the most significant products in terms of production value. The EU was a net exporter of processed potatoes; it exported processed potatoes to the value of EUR 6. For reasons of data confidentiality, precise data cannot be published. The EU potato sector tables and figures.
The statistical information presented in this publication is drawn from the Eurostat database, available at the Eurostat website. Statistics on crop products are obtained by sample surveys, supplemented by administrative data and estimates based on expert observations.
The sources vary from one EU Member State to another because of national conditions and statistical practices. National statistical institutes or Ministries of Agriculture are responsible for data collection in accordance with EC Regulations.
The finalised data sent to Eurostat are as harmonised as possible. Eurostat is responsible for establishing EU aggregates. The statistics collected on agricultural products cover more than individual crop products. Information is collected for the area under cultivation expressed in 1 hectares , the quantity harvested expressed in 1 tonnes and the yield expressed in kg per hectare.
For some products, data at a national level may be supplemented by regional statistics at NUTS level 1 or level 2. A comprehensive Farm structure survey FSS is carried out by EU Member States every 10 years the full scope being the agricultural census and intermediate sample surveys are carried out twice between these basic surveys.
The statistical unit is the agricultural holding; the EU Member States collect information from individual agricultural holdings, covering:. Survey data are aggregated to different geographic levels countries, regions, and for basic surveys also districts and arranged by size class, area status, legal status of holding, objective zone and farm type.
In the FSS organic data has been collected since the Census. The output of agricultural activity includes output sold including trade in agricultural goods and services between agricultural units , changes in stocks, output for own final use own final consumption and own-account gross fixed capital formation , output produced for further processing by agricultural producers, as well as intra-unit consumption of livestock feed products.
The output of the agricultural sector is made up of the sum of the output of agricultural products and of the goods and services produced in inseparable non-agricultural secondary activities; animal and crop output are the main product categories of agricultural output. Eurostat also collects annual agricultural prices in principle net of VAT to compare agricultural price levels between EU Member States and to study sales channels. Quarterly and annual price indices for agricultural products and the means of agricultural production, on the other hand, are used principally to analyse price developments and their effect on agricultural income.
Selling prices are recorded at the first marketing stage excluding transport. It provides access not only to both recent and historical data from the EU Member States but also to statistics of a significant number of third countries. International trade aggregated and detailed statistics disseminated from Eurostat website are compiled from COMEXT data according to a monthly process.
EU data are compiled according to community guidelines and may, therefore, differ from national data published by Member States. Statistics on extra-EU trade are calculated as the sum of trade of each of the 28 Member States with countries outside the EU.
In other words, the EU is considered as a single trading entity and trade flows are measured into and out of the area, but not within it. The variation in the proportion of total trade in goods accounted for by intra-EU trade reflects to some degree historical ties and geographical location. Prodcom statistics are based on a list of products called the Prodcom list which consists of more than 3 headings, and which is revised every year.
In the list, products are detailed at an 8-digit level — only information at this detailed level can be found in the Prodcom database, as production data for different products cannot always be meaningfully aggregated. The purpose of Prodcom statistics is to report, for each product in the Prodcom list, how much production has been sold during the reference period.
This means that Prodcom statistics relate to products not to activities and are therefore not strictly comparable with activity-based statistics such as structural business statistics. Sometimes the data for some products cannot be reported, for instance if an enterprise cannot report the volume in the required measurement unit. In these cases, either the national statistical office or Eurostat makes estimates so that complete EU totals can be published.
In some cases the national statistical authority requests that the data for a particular product be kept confidential. This can happen, for instance, if there is only one producer in the country so that the published data refers directly to that producer. Eurostat is legally bound to respect such confidentiality, but may use the confidential amount in EU totals, as long as it is not revealed by doing so. If this is not possible, the EU total is rounded so that an approximate figure can be given without revealing the confidential data.
The rounding base is also shown in order to indicate the range of possible true values of the total. The overall aim is to offer readers a statistical overview on a single commodity, vertically linking all the steps from the field to the market.
The food chain approach is indeed one of the key issues within the EU Commission both for its socio-economic importance and for the extensive legislative EU framework, which is one of the most EU-level harmonised e. Tools What links here Special pages. Jump to: navigation , search. Data extracted in May Planned update: June Tweet The 52 million tonnes of potatoes harvested across the EU in was about one-third Full article.
Potato production in the EU is highly concentrated Potato production is mainly concentrated in seven Member States; Belgium, Germany, France, the Netherlands, Poland, Romania and the United Kingdom accounted for about three-quarters of the area planted Production: area, harvest and farms Cultivated area of potatoes in almost half of that in Potatoes were cultivated on 1.
Processing Processed potatoes mainly as frozen chips and crisps were worth EUR 10 billion in , or 1. Source data for tables and graphs The EU potato sector tables and figures. Data sources The statistical information presented in this publication is drawn from the Eurostat database, available at the Eurostat website. Statistics on crop production Statistics on crop products are obtained by sample surveys, supplemented by administrative data and estimates based on expert observations.
Statistics on the structure of agricultural holdings FSS A comprehensive Farm structure survey FSS is carried out by EU Member States every 10 years the full scope being the agricultural census and intermediate sample surveys are carried out twice between these basic surveys. The statistical unit is the agricultural holding; the EU Member States collect information from individual agricultural holdings, covering: land use; livestock numbers; rural development for example, activities other than agriculture ; management and farm labour input including age, sex and relationship to the holder.
Context This article describes the potato sector in the European Union. Direct access to.
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Organic Management of Late Blight of Potato and Tomato with Copper Products
Where are potatoes grown? Smaller Region. Until the early s, most potatoes were grown and consumed in Europe, North America and countries of the former Soviet Union. Since then, there has been a dramatic increase in potato production and demand in Asia, Africa and Latin America, where output rose from less than 30 million tonnes in the early s to more than million tonnes in
Important internal quality traits for potatoes are tuber flesh discolouration, dry matter, and starch content. External quality traits include tuber size and shape as well as resistance against mechanical stress during and after harvest. These quality traits are closely interrelated and genetically controlled. For instance, the susceptibility of tubers for discolouration of both fresh market and processed cultivars is closely related not only to the nutrient supply but also to post-harvest treatment. Besides, the potential to form carcinogenic compounds like acrylamide from precursors during the deep-frying of potato products and the accumulation of toxic substances like glycoalkaloids are important quality criteria in terms of food safety.
Supply chain process is also not much effective on this sector in Bangladesh. The study assessed the handling of inventory system and finding key solution to overcome the post-harvest losses which occurs due to lack of proper forecasting of demand of potato in Bangladesh. The study will discuss how to overcome from this problem and recommend some solutions which could ensure proper price to the farmers so that farmers would be motivated to cultivate this agro product. Although, Bangladesh is the eighth largest potato producer in the world and third biggest in Asia, potato is consumed as a vegetable here, where in many countries it is a staple food. According to Bangladesh Bureau of Statistic, over 10 million tons of potato was produced in , and 5. At present every year two-thirds of the total produce do not find any space in the cold storage and a part of which is consumed shortly after harvest and the rest is kept in traditional storage at home under room temperature and humidity at farm level. In most cases the excess production goes to waste. The growers have to sell major part of their produces immediately after harvesting at a very low price due to lack of storage facilities and cash need of the growers. Sometimes, ignorance of the growers about the prospect of future marketing of their produce becomes responsible for such type of selling. The growers are the most sufferers due to the existing storage problems of potato in Bangladesh and once they do not get enough economic gain, they may not retain much enthusiasm to go for potato cultivation for the following season.
Potato Processing and Uses
Prospects for the potato crop were looking promising in the late summer after swift spring planting and a much more favourable growing season after the drought of After such a hard season in , and with a tight seed market, it was unsurprising that a lot of the industry was cautious with planting decisions. Planted area remained stable at , hectares a slight increase on the year, but still one of the lowest on record. Bearing that in mind, early figures suggest a production level of around 5.
Potatoes are used for a variety of purposes, and not only as a vegetable for cooking at home. In fact, it is likely that less than 50 percent of potatoes grown worldwide are consumed fresh. Fresh potatoes are baked, boiled, or fried and used in a staggering range of recipes: mashed potatoes, potato pancakes, potato dumplings, twice-baked potatoes, potato soup, potato salad and potatoes au gratin, to name a few. But global consumption of potato as food is shifting from fresh potatoes to added-value, processed food products. Dehydrated potato flakes are used in retail mashed potato products, as ingredients in snacks, and even as food aid. Potato flour, another dehydrated product, is used by the food industry to bind meat mixtures and thicken gravies and soups. It is used as a thickener for sauces and stews, and as a binding agent in cake mixes, dough, biscuits, and ice-cream. In eastern Europe and Scandinavia, crushed potatoes are heated to convert their starch to fermentable sugars that are used in the distillation of alcoholic beverages, such as vodka and akvavit. Potato starch is widely used by the pharmaceutical, textile, wood, and paper industries as an adhesive, binder, texture agent, and filler, and by oil drilling firms to wash boreholes. In the Russian Federation and other east European countries, as much as half of the potato harvest is used as farm animal feed.
Inventory challenge for Agro products (Potato) in Bangladesh and how to overcome it
Potato ranks fourth position in the world after wheat, rice and maize as non cereal food crop. Potato is probably the most popular food item in the Indian diet and India is one of the largest producers of potato. Potato tubers constitute a highly nutritious food. It provides carbohydrates, vitamin C, minerals, high quality protein and dietary fiber. Potato is a rich source of starch and it is consumed mainly for its calorific value, also contains phosphorus, calcium, iron and some vitamins.
Potato Processing and Uses
Product examples: French fries see picture above of surface of French fry , frozen potato products, chilled potato products, potato crisps, mashed potatoes, starches. Aim PEF treatment : Cell disintegration, structure modification, reduction of turgor pressure osmotic pressure. After PEF treatment of the potato: a better cutting quality, higher cutting yields, smoother surfaces, less oil absorption, no feathering and less breakage. In potato processing, for example in French fry production, PEF systems are an excellent alternative for traditional preheaters. PEF technology not only results in superior cut quality and a reduction of French fry breakage and shattering, but also improves drying efficiency. The pulsed electric field causes tiny pores in the potato cell walls, also known as cell permeabilization, which facilitates cutting, blanching, drying and frying processes. Potatoes are considered excellent conductors because they are uniformly solid, contain about 80 percent water and are rich in potassium. By permeabilizing cell membranes PEF enables tissue softening and enhanced mass transport, resulting in improved cutting of potatoes, higher product quality and increased process capacity.
Potatoes market outlook
The potato is a root vegetable native to the Americas , a starchy tuber of the plant Solanum tuberosum , and the plant itself, a perennial in the family Solanaceae. Wild potato species can be found throughout the Americas, from the United States to southern Chile. In the area of present-day southern Peru and extreme northwestern Bolivia , from a species in the Solanum brevicaule complex, potatoes were domesticated approximately 7,—10, years ago.
Our products represent a significant ingredient in numerous meals throughout different cuisines and multiple eating moments of the day from breakfast, to lunch, snacks and dinner, and also play a role in global trade read more about our industry in Europe. By investing millions of euros each year in new product development, our members provide consumers with safe, delicious, convenient and affordable food, turning potatoes into value-added, high-quality products. Our industry is committed to reducing its environmental impact significantly by The processing sector is taking responsibility for food loss and waste reduction by adopting a total chain approach and collaborates with suppliers and partners in the supply chains to reduce losses starting on the farm.
The 52 million tonnes of potatoes harvested across the EU in was about one-third This article describes the potato sector in the European Union.
Revised October Potatoes Solanum tuberosum are the fourth most important food crop in the world and the leading vegetable crop in the United States. NASS