Raw cane sugar is becoming more popular in Europe as consumers grow increasingly interested in natural and unrefined food products. However, the market is highly competitive. As an exporter of raw cane sugar you must be able to offer competitive prices to gain access. It is best to sell your raw cane sugar in the European market through specialised importers of natural, organic and Fairtrade products. Raw cane sugar is made from the extracted juice of sugar cane Saccharum officinarum L. Sugarcane grows mostly in warm climates around the world.
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- Inside the food industry: the surprising truth about what you eat
- Food processing
- Now that China has shut the door, how will Australia deal with its recycling?
- Manufacture and Refining of Raw Cane Sugar, Volume 2
- Rigid packaging
- Exporting raw cane sugar to Europe?
- U.S. Energy Information Administration - EIA - Independent Statistics and Analysis
- Industry codes
- Supporting Business
- Supporting Business
Inside the food industry: the surprising truth about what you eatVIDEO ON THE TOPIC: The dried fruit factory process
The relationship and the importance of the selected subset of technology to be broad one to which it belongs;. The economic aspects of technologies along with their feasibilities which leads to the preferred option s ;. Impact of the preferred option by itself, its linkages to the broad area of technology and spin offs, and. Maximum possible quantification is required.
Action Plan for implementation of recommendations alongwith identification of:. Expected impact of recommendations, if implemented. The study to build upon the earlier studies of TIFAC and other organizations, with a fouce of details for action. The report is on the findings of mail survey and field visits and the information collected through desk research. Mail survey and field visits were conducted to elicit the views of different categories of respondents viz.
In , Indian sugar mills produced approximately lakh tonnes of sugar. India is now the largest sugar producing and sugar consuming country in the world. It is the largest among the processing industries next to cotton textiles. Located in rural areas, sugar mills have been intrinsic symbiotic relationship with the rural masses and serve as a nerve centre for rural development.
During the process of manufacture of sugar, a sugar mill produces several wastes us as molasses, bagasse, filter press cake, waste water, bagasse ash. Of the above, molasses and bagasse have become valuable by-products of the sugar industry and cannot be therefore termed as wastes any longer. The te3chnologies of the gainful utilization of filter press cake, sugar mil waste water, spent was and bagasse ash have been discussed in this report.
During , India crushed 1, lakh tonnes of sugar cane for the production of lakh tonnes of sugar. At this level of sugar production, India produced approximately The distilleries produced 11 lakh kl of alcohol and produced approximately kl of spent wash.
The burning of bagasse produces fly ash and furnace ash. If all the sugar mills switch over to high efficiency boilers and also install modern air pollution control devices, fly ash collection is estimated at 8.
During , Indian sugar mills produced approximately 4. Sugar industry waste waters sugar mill waste water and spent wash , if not treated, can contaminate surface and subsurface waters. The high BOD of spent wash causes rapid depletion of the oxygen content of water, creates foul smell, and renders the stream unfit for propagating aquatic life and for drinking and other purposes.
Fly ash is very light and contains a large percentage of fines. Fly ash, if not collected, escapes into the atmosphere through the chimney and pollutes the environment. Filter press cake, sugar mill waste water, spent wash and bagasse ash are potential pollutants unless disposed off.
Identification of technologies for the gainful utilization of these sugar industry wastes will convert these wastes into valuable by-products. This will improve the profitability and the health of the sugar industry and also ensure quick disposal of potential pollutants.
According to some industry analysts, the profitability of a stand-alone sugar mill can be low or negative during years of excess cane supplies. With the selling price of sugar falling below the cost price of sugar of most mills during current year, mills that have diversified into by-product utilization are in a financially better position than stand —alone sugar mills. After primary treatment, easily oxidaisable material are eliminated and the pH is almost neutral.
Spent wash is a rich source of potash because the potash found in sugar cane is passed on to molasses and then to spent wash. Sugar mills have large areas under sugar cane cultivation around their locations. Looking at the limited availability of water for irrigation in manu areas, irrigation of sugar cane fields using sugar industry waste waters can help in the conservation of water and repatriation of nutrients to the soil. It will also help in the disposal of large amount of waste waters generated by the sugar industry.
A detailed study should be conducted to suggest maximum acceptable levels of BOD and dissolved solids in sugar industry waste water, prior to its utilization for irrigation, depending upon crop, soil condition and impact on the environment. Window composting bioearth process and pit composting. Composting can be carried out using filter press cake, or filter press cake and bagasse ash, in combination with spent wash or sugar mill waste water.
Bioearth composting is carried out on leveled, compacted and well drained land that permits heavy equipment operation. A specially formulated microbial culture is added to enhance decomposition of organic matter. The composting cycle takes 11 weeks. Bioearth composting is achieved using a specially designed aeration equipment called the aero tiller. In pit composting, each compost pit is filled with filter press cake and spent wash 2. The thickness of the compost layer is kept below one meter so as to maintain aerobic conditions in the biomass.
Spent wash and filter press cake are mixed with the help of mechanical loaders. After three weeks, the material is removed and stacked for maturation for about five weeks. The composting process takes about eight weeks for completion. The composting process requires about hectares of land depending upon the composting method and capacity. During rainy season, window composting bioearth process has to be discontinued. Seepage proof holding tanks have to be built for storing spent was produced during the rainy season.
Pit composting can be carried out in all the seasons. The quantum of filter press cake available form a 2, tcd sugar mill is not adequate for composting of spent wash produced by a batch distillery.
Cost-benefit analysis also indicated that composting of filter press cake with spent wash of continuous distillery can be carried out by bioearth process at a cost of Rs. The pay back period of the process increases with decrease in COD of the effluent.
The pay back period increases to 5. Composting of sugar mill waste water and filter press cake results in cash losses. In view of the above factors, bioearth composting is bet suited to composting of spent wash produced by a continuous fermentation distillery. The bioearth composting process has become popular in may parts of the world. The bioearth compost produced by the mill is purchased by more than 5, farmers at concessional rates.
Use of bioearth, coupled with improved irrigation, contributed to the increase in sugar can yield from 86 tonnes to tonnes per hectare. Trials conducted by M.
The study indicated that bioearth is better than farm yard manure in increasing grain yield. During , India had to import about 30 lakh tonnes of chemical fertilizers, in nutrient terms, at a considerable cost. With demand for chemical fertilizers projected to increase to Besides, the cost of production of chemical fertilizers has been increasing steeply due to the spiraling cost of petroleum products and the heavy capital investment required for the setting up of new fertilizer plants.
It is therefore necessary to lay greater emphasis on supplementing the use of chemical fertilizers through renewable and cheaper sources of plant nutrients such as composts. One tonne of bioearth compost contains soil nutrients valued at Rs. Biogas contains methane. It can be recovered by carrying out anaerobic digestion process in a closed reactor and used as a fuel in the boilers. The modern anaerobic reactor or the digester is a closed reactor with provision for continuous flow of waste water, continuous mixing, temperature control, removal of biogas and digested water.
As a pollution control technology, biomethanation, an anaerobic process, has several advantages over aerobic processes. Anaerobic process decompose organic compounds in an atmosphere free of oxygen and consequently require significantly less energy than aerobic processes which are relatively poor intensive for a comparable degree of waste stabilization.
The area requirement of the biomethanation process is much less than that of an oxidation pond or an aerated lagoon. As the biomethanation process is fully enclosed, there is not problem of waste water percolation and contamination of subsurface water streams as in the case of lagoons or oxidation ponds. There is no offensive odour ion the surrounding areas as in the case of lagoons.
The sludge can be kept active without feeing during the non-crushing period. This facilities quick start-up of the biomethanation process during the crushing season. Biomethanation of spent wash of a 30, lkpd distillery can yield biogas valued at Rs. The payback period improves with increase in distillery capacity due to economies of scale. The payback period of a biomethanation plant based on sugar mill waste water, a low COD waster water, is as high ass years and therefore not satisfactory.
Crude wax can be recovered from filter press cake by solvent extraction process. Crude wax is a mixture of hard and soft waxes with other minerals, colouring and resinous matter. The refining of crude was consists of three distinct steps de-ashing, defatting and bleaching. Therefore, approximately India is almost entirely dependent upon foreign sources for supply of carnauba, candelilla and other vegetable waxes.
During , India imported tonnes to vegetable wax valued at Rs. The anticipated rise in industrial activity in the country is bound to further increase the requirement of wax. Besides, with the increasing shortage of vegetable waxes in the world, there is a possibility of exporting cane was if high quality refined cane wax can be economically produced in the country.
This will enable the country to earn precious foreign exchange and also stop outflow of foreign exchange towards imports.
India has the potential to manufacture about 0. At present, reliable techno-economic data regarding cane wax production is not available because there are no working cane wax extraction and refining plants in India and abroad.
In view of the above, it is suggested that an expert committee be set up to examine the techno-economic feasibility of indigenous cane wax production and also find solutions to the problems which caused the closure of earlier units.
Earthworms can easily biodegrade complex organic matter such as sugar industry wastes. Earthworms eat organic matter, break it down into small particles measuring less than two microns and subject the ground organic waste to complex biochemical changes in their intestine using enzymes.
Vermin composting does not involve major recurring expenses. There are no major repairs and maintenance expenses as pumps are the only machinery used by the process.
Total power requirement is not more than kw for treating m3 of spent wash per day using process developed by BERI. Labour requirement is nominal.
Sugar Series, Vol. The selection first offers information on sugar cane, harvesting and transportation to the factory, washing, disposal of wash-water and cleaning the juices, and extraction of juice. Discussions focus on disposal of bagasse, screw presses, cane carriers, juice cleaning, waste-water disposal, washing, cane weighing in field and factory, transportation, and sugar-producing plants. The manuscript then examines the sugar cane diffusion process, weighing, clarification, and liming of cane juice, filtration of mud from clarifiers, evaporation, and vacuum pans. The book ponders on boiling of raw sugar massecuites, crystallization by cooling and motion of low-grade massecuites and the exhaustion of final molasses, centrifugals and purging of massecuites, storing and shipping bulk sugar, and final molasses.
The relationship and the importance of the selected subset of technology to be broad one to which it belongs;. The economic aspects of technologies along with their feasibilities which leads to the preferred option s ;. Impact of the preferred option by itself, its linkages to the broad area of technology and spin offs, and. Maximum possible quantification is required. Action Plan for implementation of recommendations alongwith identification of:. Expected impact of recommendations, if implemented.
Now that China has shut the door, how will Australia deal with its recycling?
The nature of business is to produce and distribute sugar and other by-products. The first branch is located in Nampong district, Khon Kaen province. In , improvements were made to increase its maximum crushing capacity to 35, ton cane per day. The second branch is located in Wangsapung district, Loei province with the maximum crushing capacity of 18, ton cane per day.
I was there undercover, to attend an annual trade show called Food Ingredients. It is not open to the public. Anyone who tries to register has to show that they work in food manufacturing; I used a fake ID. While exhibitors at most food exhibitions are often keen for you to taste their products, few standholders here had anything instantly edible to offer. A pastry chef in gleaming whites rounded off his live demonstration by offering sample petits fours to the buyers who had gathered. His dainty heart- and diamond-shaped cakes were dead ringers for those neat layers of sponge, glossy fruit jelly, cream and chocolate you see in the windows of upmarket patisseries, but were made entirely without eggs, butter or cream, thanks to the substitution of potato protein isolate. This is the goal of the wares on show, something the marketing messages make clear. Gleaming glass shelves were back-lit to show off a rainbow of super-sized phials of liquids so bright with colouring, they might be neon. The broad business portfolio of the companies exhibiting at Food Ingredients was disconcerting. At Frankfurt, Omya was selling granular onion powder, monosodium glutamate and phosphoric acid.
Manufacture and Refining of Raw Cane Sugar, Volume 2
Biomass is organic material that comes from plants and animals, and it is a renewable source of energy. Biomass contains stored energy from the sun. Plants absorb the sun's energy in a process called photosynthesis. When biomass is burned, the chemical energy in biomass is released as heat.
When completing form T, Statement of Business or Professional Activities , form T, Statement of Fishing Activities , or form T, Statement of Farming Activities , you have to enter an industry code that corresponds to your main business activity. If your business has more than one activity, use the code that most closely describes your main business activity. For example, you might operate a bookstore in which you sell postage stamps. If none of the generalized industry codes closely describes your main business activity, you can get a suitable code from the complete list of North American Industry Classification System codes NAICS maintained by Statistics Canada. If you are filing your return electronically, you have to use the industry codes from your tax preparation software. Only use the industry codes listed below if you are filing your General Income Tax and Benefits Return on paper. You will not receive a reply. Skip to main content Skip to "About government". List of industry codes.
On the face of it, we've appeared to do a good job of recycling. We've dutifully sorted our plastic, glass, cans and paper for kerbside collection. Overall, we've recovered 58 per cent of the waste we generated. And of the 67 million tonnes of waste we've generated each year, 37 million tonnes has been sent for recycling. Now that those regions are shutting us out — with not just China but Malaysia and India refusing to take our plastic bottles and other recyclable materials — the wheels, so to speak, have fallen off our old "recycling" system. Contractors in Australia have resorted to stockpiling, a fact that has mainly caught our attention when those stockpiles have caught fire. Our stockpiles could be eliminated, says a recycling advocate. Credit: Alamy. Operators of an illegal dump in Melbourne certinaly thought it would. They were caught recently trying to torch cubic metres of recyclable plastic in an industrial incinerator to avoid penalties for their unauthorised stockpiles.
Exporting raw cane sugar to Europe?
Food processing is the transformation of agricultural products into food , or of one form of food into other forms. Food processing includes many forms of processing foods, from grinding grain to make raw flour to home cooking to complex industrial methods used to make convenience foods. Primary food processing is necessary to make most foods edible, and secondary food processing turns the ingredients into familiar foods, such as bread. Tertiary food processing has been criticized for promoting overnutrition and obesity, containing too much sugar and salt, too little fiber, and otherwise being unhealthful in respect to dietary needs of humans and farm animals. Primary food processing turns agricultural products, such as raw wheat kernels or livestock, into something that can eventually be eaten. This category includes ingredients that are produced by ancient processes such as drying , threshing , winnowing , and milling grain, shelling nuts , and butchering animals for meat. Contamination and spoilage problems in primary food processing can lead to significant public health threats, as the resulting foods are used so widely. Secondary food processing is the everyday process of creating food from ingredients that are ready to use.
U.S. Energy Information Administration - EIA - Independent Statistics and Analysis
The Government today released a new categorization of industries based on their pollution load. The exercise of Re-categorization was being carried out for last one year. The old system of categorization was creating problems for many industries and was not reflecting the pollution of the industries. The new categories will remove this lacuna and will give clear picture to everyone.
Do something. You are by accident of fate alive at an absolutely critical moment in the history of our planet. Solid wastes are all the wastes arising from human and animal activities that are normally solid and are discarded as useless or unwanted. Generation of solid waste is not a new phenomenon.
A manufacturing and engineering solutions conglomerate with operations in sugar production, power co-generation, distillery, industrial gearing and water treatment solutions, Triveni services key priority sectors of sugar, power generation and water management with its 10 manufacturing locations across India. With seven sugar units located across Uttar Pradesh, Triveni is one of the largest integrated sugar manufacturing companies in India. Triveni believes in a work culture that is an interesting fusion of shared philosophies, ideologies, values, assumptions, beliefs, expectations, attitudes, and norms. Triveni Engineering is amongst the largest Sugar manufacturers in India and the market leader in its engineering business comprising high speed gears, gear boxes and water treatment solutions.
India also has a large consumer base, thus makes it quite vulnerable to international sugar market, in the event of surplus or deficit situation. At the sametime it has good potential and prospects.